The Politics of Technology in Latin America (Volume 1) : Data Protection, Homeland Security and the Labor Market book cover
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The Politics of Technology in Latin America (Volume 1)
Data Protection, Homeland Security and the Labor Market




ISBN 9780429342745
Published December 30, 2020 by Routledge
218 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book analyses the arrival of emerging and traditional information and technology for public and economic use in Latin America. It focuses on the governmental, economic and security issues and the study of the complex relationship between citizens and government.

The book is divided into three parts:

• ‘Digital data and privacy, prospects and barriers’ centers on the debates among the right of privacy and the loss of intimacy in the Internet,

• ‘Homeland security and human rights’ focuses on how novel technologies such as drones and autonomous weapons systems reconfigure the strategies of police authorities and organized crime,

• ‘Labor Markets, digital media and emerging technologies’ emphasize the legal, economic and social perils and challenges caused by the increased presence of social media, blockchain-based applications, artificial intelligence and automation technologies in the Latin American economy.

This first volume in a two volume set will be important reading for scholars and students of governance in Latin American, the protection of human rights and the use of technology to combat crime and the new advances of digital economy in the region.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction.

Avery Plaw, Barbara Carvalho Gurgel and David Ramírez Plascencia

Part I. Digital data and privacy, prospects and barriers.

Chapter 2. The reception of sexual messages among young Chileans and Uruguayans: Predictive factors and perception of harm.

Amaranta Alfaro, Matías Dodel and Patricio Cabello

Chapter 3. Small Data, Big Data and the Ethical Challenges for a fragmented developing world: Peru’s need for diversity-aware public policies on information technologies and practices.

Hugo Claros

Chapter 4. Open Government, Dilemmas, and Innovation at the Local Level: Comparing the Cases of Austin, Buenos Aires and Madrid.

Edgar A. Ruvalcaba-Gomez, Soledad Gattoni and Raymond W. Weyandt

Part II. Homeland security and human rights, a questioned balance?

Chapter 5. Ethical controversies about Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems: views of small South American States.

Raúl Salgado Espinoza

Chapter 6. From Sensationalist Media to the Narcocorrido: Drones, Sovereignty, and Exception along the U.S.-Mexican Border.

David S. Dalton

Chapter 7. The process of technologization of the drug war in Mexico.

Avery Plaw, David Ramírez Plascencia and Barbara Carvalho Gurgel

Part. III. Labor Markets, digital media and emerging technologies: potentials and risks.

Chapter 8. Algorithmic Law – A legal framework for Artificial Intelligence in Latin America.

Maximiliano Marzetti

Chapter 9. Automation and Robotization of production in Latin America: problems and challenges for trade unions in the cases of Argentina, Mexico and Chile.

Victoria Basualdo, Graciela Bensusán and Dasten Julián-Vejar

Chapter 10. Using functional and social robots to help during the Covid19 pandemic: Looking into the incipient case of Chile and its future artificial intelligence policy.

Carmina Rodríguez-Hidalgo

Chapter 11. Intellectual property and social media policies for user-generated content: some lessons from Mexico.

Rosa María Alonzo González

Chapter 12. Mining as an Art of Survival in Venezuela: Eluding Scarcity and improving Living Conditions with Bitcoins.

David Ramírez Plascencia

Chapter 13. Conclusions.

Avery Plaw, Barbara Carvalho Gurgel and David Ramírez Plascencia

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Editor(s)

Biography

Professor Avery Plaw specializes in political theory and international relations, with a particular focus on strategic studies.

Barbara Carvalho Gurgel has a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (USA), and is working toward a master’s degree in journalism from the Harvard Extension School (USA).

David Ramírez Plascencia is a professor at the University of Guadalajara, specializing in the study of information law and digital policies.

Reviews

"This volume demonstrates the bewildering social complexities associated with the adoption of internet technology in Latin America. This volume convincingly shows that technology is always intricately bound up with the social structures in and through which it operates. A unique engagement between technology studies and area studies.Latin America presents an unusual combination of obsolete and cutting-edge technology environments, which conspire to generate the fascinating paradoxes described in this outstanding volume." -  Dr. Jochen Kleinschmidt, Universidad del Rosario, Colombia.

"Plaw, Carvalho and Ramírez Plascencia have assembled an exciting and diverse group of scholars to address important questions including: What are the effects of the increased use of the internet by people in Latin America? What are the challenges faced by privacy, data mining, and cyberbullying? What can be the best national responses and policies? How should we understand increased automation in industrial production? What is the effect of the use of drones in military campaigns, policing, drug trafficking, healthcare provision, and leisure? What are the effects of online information bubbles on social media on democratic outcomes? How is social media changing social movements and contentious politics? This volume forces us to think creatively and ethically about the challenges faced by technological change. It brings voices from Latin Americans based there as well as Latinamericanists based in the U.S. and Europe. Though, the relevance of the discussions and implications go beyond Latin America." -  Ernesto Castañeda, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, American University, DC; Co-author of "Social Movements 1768-2018."