In the last five to ten years, pressure for political liberalisation, and the growth of civil society and independent media, inside Arab countries have prompted the debate about violent events in the postcolonial period. This book features studies of six Arab countries in which legacies of political violence have been challenged through various initiatives to promote "truth-telling" and transitional justice.
The analysis departs from a liberal, teleological understanding of truth and reconciliation as a linear process from trauma through memory to national healing. Instead, the articles highlight how the interplay between state-orchestrated initiatives (such as Truth and Reconciliation committees and ministerial committees); civil society actors (including former political prisoners, investigative journalists and NGOs); and external actors (such as transnational NGOs, state sponsored dialogue initiatives, the UN and the EU) is creating a new political field.
The book examines the extent to which this field challenges the Arab nation-state’s monopoly on history and violence, and asks whether public narratives of violence, memory and justice consolidate or challenge political legitimacy of current regimes.
This book was published as a special issue of Mediterranean Politics.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Outlines of a New Politics of Memory in the Middle East Sune Haugbolle and Anders Hastrup 2. 1948 After Oslo: Truth and Reconciliation in Palestinian Discourse Tom Hill 3. The Syndrome of One-Time Exceptions and the Drive to Establish the Proposed Hariri Court Muhamad Mugraby 4. Violating Darfur: The Emergent Truth of Categories Anders Hastrup 5. National Reconciliation and General Amnesty in Algeria George Joffe 6. Morocco: From Mobilizations to Reconciliation? Frederic Vairel 7. Reconciliation Dilemmas in Post-Ba’athist Iraq: Truth Commissions, Media and Ethno-sectarian Conflicts Ibrahim Al-Marashi and Aysegul Keskin 8. Imprisonment, Truth Telling and Historical Memory in Syria Sune Haugbolle
Sune Haugbolle is Assistant Professor in Modern Islam and Middle East Studies at the Department of Cross-cultural and Regional Studies, University of Copenhagen. D.Phil., M.St., University of Oxford. He has published various articles on modern Lebanon, including "Spatial Transformations in the Lebanese 'Independence Intifada'," Arab Studies vol.12, no.3 (2006).
Anders Hastrup is a Fellow at the University of Copenhagen. He is formerly Field Coordinator, Assistant Camp Coordinator and advisor for different NGOs in Darfur, Sudan and affiliated with The Danish Institute for International Studies. He is the author of the Master's thesis 'Displacing Darfur. Purity and Danger in Sudan's Latest Civil War'.