The Potential of U.S. Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Potential of U.S. Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

1st Edition

By John M. Kimble, Ronald F. Follett, C. Vernon Cole

CRC Press

144 pages

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Hardback: 9781575041124
pub: 1998-08-01
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Description

This report assesses the potential of U.S. cropland to sequester carbon, concluding that properly applied soil restorative processes and best management practices can help mitigate the greenhouse effect by decreasing the emissions of greenhouse gases from U.S. agricultural activities and by making U.S. cropland a major sink for carbon sequestration.

Topics include:

  • Describe the greenhouse processes and global tends in emissions as well as the three principal components of anthropogenic global warming potential

  • Present data on U.S. emissions and agriculture's related role

  • Examines the soil organic carbon (SOC) pool in soils of the U.S. and its loss due to cultivation

  • Provides a reference for the magnitude of carbon sequestration potential

  • Analyzes the primary processes governing greenhouse gas emission from the pedosphere

  • Establishes a link between SOC content and soil quality

  • Outlines strategies for mitigating emissions from U.S. cropland

  • Discusses soil erosion management

  • Assesses the potential of using cropland to create biomass for direct fuel to produce power

  • Details the potential for sequestering carbon by intensifying prime agricultural land

    The Potential of U.S. Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect provides an exceptional framework for the adoption of science-based management methods on U.S. cropland, encouraging appropriate agricultural practices for the sustainable use of our natural resources and the improvement of our nation's environment.

  • Reviews

    Mark Powell, Forestry and Natural Resource Management Unit, Winrock International, Morritlon, Arkansas

    Table of Contents

    Objectives

    Basic Processes

    The Greenhouse Process

    Global Trends in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    The Role of Agriculture in U.S. Emissions of Three GHGs

    The SOC Pool in U.S. Soils and SOC Loss from Cultivation

    Processes in Governing Emissions from the Pedosphere

    Plant Action

    Soil Processes

    Soil Quality

    Strategies for Mitigating Emissions from Cropland

    U.S. Cropland

    Sustainable Management Studies

    Soil Erosion Management

    Land Conversion and Restoration

    Conversion of Marginal Land

    Restoration of Degraded Soils

    Biofuels for Offsetting Fossil Fuel

    Intensification of Prime Agricultural Land

    Conservation Tillage and Residue Management

    Irrigation Water Management

    Improved Cropping Systems

    The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Arable Land

    U.S. Cropland's Overall Potential to Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

    Techniques for Sequestration

    Rates of SOC Sequestration

    Possible Implementation Obstacles

    Required Action

    Conclusions - The Win-Win Strategy

    Agricultural Profits from Environmental Improvements

    SOC's Monetary Value

    SOC's Environmental Value

    Global Potential

    Appendix 1: Definitions

    Appendix 2: Researchable Topics

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    TEC003000
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General