How music functioned in the middle ages, what it meant to its hearers, and how it was performed: these are the subjects of this fascinating volume. The studies collected here introduce the reader to the practical detail and complex intricacies of the performance of medieval music in the liturgy, bringing into clear focus a number of matters that were long obscure. (A second volume by Professor Kelly,The Sources of Beneventan Chant, Ashgate 2011, complements this volume). Two detailed studies of aspects of musical practices of the Eternal City bring new historical perspectives to the understanding of the growth of the Roman liturgy, while the second and third groups of articles bring the reader close to the actual sound of medieval musicians. Writings on the art of the prosula, a hitherto understudied musico-poetic phenomenon, give practical information about Gregorian chant that can be acquired in no other way. Likewise, the study of variants in the music of the Exultet for Holy Saturday provides a window onto a creative and improvisational practice that is often difficult to discern from surviving written sources. A final study, of the composers of chant in the middle ages, gives us a view of how musicians and others thought of themselves in a time that often valued anonymity.
Table of Contents
Contents: Part 1 Roman Matters: Old-Roman chant and the Responsories of Noah: new evidence from Sutri; Candle, text, ceremony: the Exultet at Rome. Part 2 Embellishing the Liturgy: Introducing the Gloria in excelsis; New music from old: the structuring of responsory prosas; Melodic elaboration in responsory melismas; Melisma and prosula: the performance of responsory tropes; Neuma triplex; Modal neumes at Sens. Part 3 Singing from Scrolls: Structure and ornament in chant: the case of the Beneventan Exultet; The liturgical rotulus at Benevento; A Milanese processional roll at the Beinecke library. Part 4 Later Medieval Music: Medieval composers of liturgical chant; Early polyphony at Montecassino; Indexes.
Thomas Forrest Kelly is Harvard College Professor and Morton B. Knafel Professor of Music, Harvard University, USA