1st Edition

The Primitivist Imaginary in Iberian and Transatlantic Modernisms

Edited By Joana Cunha Leal, Mariana Pinto dos Santos Copyright 2024
    202 Pages 15 Color & 23 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Taking into account politics, history and aesthetics, this edited volume explores the main expressions of primitivism in Iberian and Transatlantic modernisms.

    Ten case studies are thoroughly analyzed concerning both the circulations and exchanges connecting the Iberian and Latin American artistic and literary milieus with each other and with the Parisian circles. Chapters also examine the patterns and paradoxes associated with the manifestations of primitivism, including their local implications and cosmopolitan drive. This book opens up and deepens the discussion of the ties that Spain and Portugal maintained with their imperial pasts, which extended into European twentieth-century colonialism, as well as the nationalist and folk aesthetics promoted by the cultural industry of Iberian dictatorships. The book significantly rethinks long-established ideas about modern art and the production of primitivist imagery.

    The book will be of interest to scholars working in art history, Iberian studies, Latin American studies, colonialism, and modernism.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

    List of Contributors

    Part I: Circulations

    1. Decentering Primitivism: Latin America, Cultural Authority, and the Modernist Writing of the European Primitive

    Alejandro Mejías-López 

    2. Cosmopolitan Cubism, Provincial Paris

    Mark Antliff and Patricia Leighten

    3. Los Pintores Íntegros: A Primitivist Rationale for Iberian and Transatlantic Modernisms

    Joana Cunha Leal

    4. Primitivising the Mural Either Side of the Atlantic: Discourse and Contingency in Joaquín Torres-García's Murals

    Begoña Farré Torras

    5. Benjamin Péret’s Remarks on Afro-Brazilian Religions. Primitivist Longings, Ethnocentric Critiques, Surrealist Ethnographies

    Arthur Valle

    Part II: Patterns and Paradoxes

    6. Antropofagia, Primitivism and Anti-Primitivism

    Rafael Cardoso

    7. Troping the “Primitive” in Portuguese Narratives of Modernity and Colonialism

    Mariana Pinto dos Santos

    8. Returning to What Never Was: Primitivisms in Canto da Maya

    Joana Brites (with the Contribution of Marta Barbosa Ribiero)

    9. The Pastoral in Modern Catalan Art: Joaquim Sunyer and Joan Miró

    M. Lluïsa Faxedas Brujats

    10. Puppets, Child Art and an Illuminated Manuscript: Puppet Shows with Multilayers of Primitivism in 1920s Granada

    Marta Soares


    Joana Cunha Leal is Full Professor at the Art History Department and Senior Researcher at the Art History Institute of the School of Social Sciences and Humanities—Universidade NOVA de Lisboa.

    Mariana Pinto dos Santos is Associate Researcher at the Art History Institute of the School of Social Sciences and Humanities—Universidade NOVA de Lisboa and invited lecturer at the Art History Department at NOVA.