1st Edition

The Problem of China

By Bertrand Russell Copyright 2021
    230 Pages
    by Routledge

    230 Pages
    by Routledge

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    'China, by her resources and her population, is capable of being the greatest power in the world after the United States.'

    Bertrand Russell, The Problem of China

    In 1920 the philosopher Bertrand Russell spent a year in China as Professor of Philosophy at the University of Beijing (then Peking), where his lectures on mathematical logic enthralled students and listeners, including Mao Tse Tung, who attended some of Russell’s talks. Written at a time when China was largely regarded by the West as backward and weak, The Problem of China sees Russell rise above the prejudices of his era and presciently assess China's past, present and future.

    Russell brings his analytical and insightful eye to bear on some fundamental aspects of China’s history and politics, cautioning China against adopting a purely Western model of social and economic development, which he regarded as characterized by a combination of greed and militarism. Beginning with an overview of nineteenth-century Chinese history and considering China's relations with Japan and Russia, Russell then contrasts Chinese civilization with Western. He devotes a fascinating chapter to the character of the Chinese, which he argues is complex but ultimately defined by a ‘pacific temper’.

    With uncanny foresight, Russell predicts China’s resurgence, but only if it is able to establish an orderly government, promote industrial development under Chinese control and foster the spread of education.

    This Routledge Classics edition includes a new introduction by Bernard Linsky.

    Introduction to The Problem of China Bernard Linsky


    1. Questions

    2. China before the Nineteenth Century

    3. China and the Western Powers

    4. Modern China

    5. Japan before the Restoration

    6. Modern Japan

    7. Japan and China before 1914

    8. Japan and China during the War

    9. The Washington Conference

    10. Present Forces and Tendencies in the Far East

    11. Chinese and Western Civilization Contrasted

    12. The Chinese Character

    13. Higher Education in China

    14. Industrialism in China

    15. The Outlook for China.





    Bertrand Russell (1872 - 1970) is regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century and a celebrated writer and commentator on social and political affairs.