The contribution of psychological research to the prevention of miscarriages of justice and the development of effective investigative techniques is now established to a point where law enforcement agencies in numerous countries either employ psychologists as part of their staff, or work in cooperation with academic institutions. The application of psychology to investigation is particularly effective when academics and practitioners work together. This book brings together leading experts to discuss the application of psychology to criminal investigation.
This book offers an overview of models of investigation from a psychological and practical view point, covering topics such as investigative decision making, the presentation of evidence, witness testimony, the detection of deception, interviewing suspects and evidence-based police training. It is essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners engaged with police practice, investigation and forensic psychology.
Table of Contents
Foreword (Ray Bull)
Introduction (Andy Griffiths and Rebecca Milne)
1. Miscarriages of Justice: What Can We Learn? (Sam Poyser and John D. Grieve)
2. The Art and Science of Investigation (Martin O’Neill)
3. Investigative Decision Making (Karl Ask and Ivar Fahsing)
4. Presentation of Evidence (Nina Westera and Mark Kebbell)
5. Vulnerability and Criminal Investigation (Kevin Smith and Brendan O’Mahony)
6. Witness Testimony (Fiona Gabbert, Lorraine Hope and Mick Confrey)
7. Identification Evidence (Graham Pike and Clifford Clark)
8. From Interrogation to Investigative Interviewing: The Application of Psychology (Andy Griffiths and Asbjorn Rechlow)
9. Detecting Deceit via Verbal Cues: Towards a Context Sensitive Research Agenda (Par Anders Granhag, Mark Fallon, Zarah Vernham and Eric Mac Giolla)
10. Behavioural Investigative Advice: A Contemporary Commentary on Offender Profiling (Michael Davies, Lee Rainbow, Kate Fritzon, Adrian West and Nathan Brooks)
11. Reframing Intelligence Interviews: The Applicability of Psychological Research to HUMINT Elicitation (Ian Stanier and Jordan Nunan)
12. Evidence-Based Police Training: The Bedrock of Effective Criminal Investigations (Martin O’Neill and Dean Jones)
Conclusion (Andy Griffiths and Rebecca Milne)
Andy Griffiths is a Research Fellow at the University of Portsmouth, UK, Associate Tutor at the College of Policing, and international Consultant. He is both a former Senior Investigating Officer (SIO) and head of major crime for a UK police force, having completed thirty years service specializing in interviewing and investigation, and during which he led numerous major crime investigations. During his police service he was awarded a PhD for his research on investigative interviewing and spent time as a Visiting Professor at John Jay College, New York.
Rebecca Milne is a Professor of Forensic Psychology at the Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth, UK, and Director of the Centre of Forensic Interviewing, an internationally recognised centre of excellence for investigative interviewing bringing together research, teaching, and innovation. She is also a member of the UK National Police Chiefs’ Council, Investigative Interviewing Strategic Steering Group, and a member of the UK Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST)