The majority of people will now spend about one-third of their lives as grandparents, yet developmental psychologists have largely ignored the nature of the grandparental role, and the influence which grandparents can have on grandchildren. Originally published in 1991, this book redresses the balance and uses life-span evolutionary and psychodynamic theoretical frameworks to provide a comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon of grandparenthood from cross-cultural perspectives.
Much recent work in developmental psychology has disregarded the extended family in favour of the two-generational nuclear family of parents and children. But grandparents do have a significant role in family relationships and children’s development. This volume contains detailed discussion of intergenerational transmission of parenting skills, cooperation and conflict in three-generational families and the ways in which grandparents and grandchildren perceive one another.
The importance of considering social and cultural contexts of development applies to grandparents just as much as to other areas of human development. Kinds of family structure, social policies regarding employment, health and housing, attitudes to marriage and even particular historical events all have an impact on the position and role of grandparents and on stereotypes of old age. These factors vary considerably from country to country. Our understanding of grandparenthood can only be enriched by learning about the variety of ways in which it is expressed in different cultural settings. Most previous research has been confined to the USA. This book is truly international containing contributions from Britain, Canada, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, West Germany and the USA. International comparisons enable us to see which elements are essential to grandparenthood and which are culture dependant. In most Western countries the population is ageing and this sort of study is becoming vitally important. The Psychology of Grandparenthood is required reading for anybody who is professionally involved with the elderly and for psychologists interested in development, the life-span and family systems.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations. Notes on Contributors. Preface. 1. Introduction: The Study of Grandparenthood Peter K. Smith Part 1: Grandparental Roles 2. Dimensions of the Grandparent Role in Finland Helena Hurme 3. The Importance of Grandparenthood During the Life Cycle in Germany Elisabeth J. Sticker 4. The Role of Grandparents in the Development of Grandchildren as Perceived by Adolescents and Young Adults in Poland Maria Tyszkowa 5. Grandparent–Grandchild Relationships amongst US Ethnic Groups Emmy E. Werner Part 2: The Effects of Grandparenting 6. Grandfathers, Teen Mothers and Children Under Two Norma Radin, Daphna Oyserman and Rita Benn 7. Transmission of Parenting Across Generations A.A. Vermulst, A.J.L.L. de Brock and R.A.H. van Zutphen 8. The Significance of Grandparents for the Formation of Family Relations Isto Ruoppila Part 3: Theoretical Perspectives 9. Grandchildren’s Images of their Grandparents: A Psychodynamic Perspective Piergiorgio Battistelli and Alessandra Farneti 10. An Evolutionary Perspective on Grandparent–Grandchild Relationships Martin Sherer Smith 11. Cooperation and Conflict in Three-Generation Families Maria Leek and Peter K. Smith. Name Index. Subject Index.