1st Edition

The Psychology of Religion and Coping Theory, Research, Practice

By Kenneth I. Pargament Copyright 1997

    When faced with a crisis, why do some people turn to religion to help them cope, while others turn away? Is religious belief merely a defense or a form of denial? Is spirituality a help or a hindrance in times of stress? Building a much-needed bridge between two different worlds of thought and practice--religion and psychology--this volume sensitively interweaves theory with first-hand accounts, clinical insight, and scientific research. The book underscores the need for greater sensitivity to religion and spirituality in the context of helping relationships, and suggests a range of ways that faith might be used more fully to help people in crisis.

    1. An Introduction to the Psychology of Religion and Coping
    I. A Perspective on Religion
    2. The Sacred and the Search for Significance
    3. Religious Pathways and Religious Destinations
    II. A Perspective on Coping
    4. An Introduction to the Concept of Coping
    5. The Flow of Coping
    III. The Religion and Coping Connection
    6. When People Turn to Religion: When They Turn Away
    7. The Many Faces of Religion in Coping
    8. Religion and the Mechanisms of Coping: The Conservation of Significance
    9. Religion and the Mechanisms of Coping: The Transformation of Significance
    IV. Evaluative and Practical Implications
    10. Does It Work? Religion and the Outcomes of Coping
    11. When Religion Fails: Problems of Integration in the Process of Coping
    12. Putting Religion into Practice


    Kenneth I. Pargament, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at Bowling Green State University, where he is also Director of Clinical Training of the clinical psychology PhD program. He is coeditor of Forgiveness: Theory, Research, and Practice (with Michael E. McCullough and Carl E. Thoresen).

    The definitive work on religion and coping. Encyclopedic in its breadth and depth, the book provides a clinically relevant discussion of religion as a resource for mental health and an analysis of the processes that encourage the conservation and transformation of significance. Dr. Pargament describes the psychology of coping from the complementary vantages of a scholar and clinician. Of note is the sophisticated presentation of theory and empirical data which leads to an appreciation of the role of religion in sustaining meaning and hope in the face of adversity. For the religion scholar, this book provides scientific support for long held assumptions about an important function of faith. For clinicians, this work opens the door for further inquiry into the nature of psychological treatment concerning the provision of hope and articulation of personal meaning. Rarely does one find a book so equally comprehensive and accessible. Academicians and mental health professionals alike will find this volume a thought-provoking contribution to the field. --Edward P. Shafranske, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, Graduate School of Education and Psychology, Pepperdine University and Faculty, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute; Past President and Fellow of APA Division 36: Psychology of Religion and William Bier Award recipient.

    In this fascinating book, Kenneth Pargament links religion and coping using an elegant and articulate conceptual framework. He makes religious coping accessible to the theoretician, the researcher, and the practitioner, and he provides many insights about the multiple functions of religious coping, when it is used, by whom, toward what ends, and with what consequences. The Psychology of Religion and Coping: Theory, Research, and Practice is a book that the field of coping has needed for a very long time. --Susan Folkman, Ph.D. Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

    Kenneth Pargament has achieved what is all too rare in the psychology of religion: a systematic program of empirical research, guided by theory, that is of practical relevance to helping professionals. No longer is there any excuse for failing to appreciate the subtle and complex ways in which religion and coping interface in the areas of theory, research or practice. This is the authoritative text defining the state of the art in the area of religion and coping. --Ralph W. Hood Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga; Editor of the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion; Past President of Division 36 of the APA

    We who are clergy know what we do in our ministry and we know its effectiveness. But why is ministry effective?...Here is a way to find out. This work contains a massive amount of information. It presents a coherent way of thinking about ministry--and, in fact, how to improve it. --Larry VandeCreek, D.Min.

    The Psychology of Religion and Coping will provide students with a solid foundation and understanding of religion in the coping process. It is a superbly done work that should be required reading for every student in psychology, the ministry, and related professions. It fills a deep gap in the psychological literature, which for years has neglected perhaps the most important and common way that people cope with stress. --Harold G. Koenig, MD, MHSc

    ...a terrific book, especially for anyone who lives as closely to their own and other' search for meaning in stressful life experiences as chaplains do....I found it remarkably readable and thought-provoking throughout....One of the many strong points of the book for us is the author's liberal use of incisive and moving stories....it belongs in the hands of every professional chaplain. --Chaplain Margot Hover, Horizons, Newsletter of the National Association of Catholic Chaplains

    This is one of the most comprehensive texts in the field. Second to none. --Marcus G. Smucker, Eastern Mennonitie Seminary University
    This volume may be the best book on the psychology of religion in a generation or more. Well written and clearly outlined, it is grounded on an immense foundation of empirical data.
    --Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 2/17/2001ƒƒ
    This thoroughly researched and well-written work should be on the reading list of every psychotherapist and counselor....Pargament is able in his concluding chapters to present very grounded and useful advice for how religious beliefs and experience could be better utilized in counseling situations, not only as immediate coping devices for current problems, but also as spurs to further psychological and emotional growth.
    --Journal of Religion and Health, 2/17/2001ƒƒ
    A terrific book, especially for anyone who lives as closely to their own and others' search for meaning in stressful life experiences as chaplains do....Belongs in the hands of every professional chaplain.
    --Horizons: Newsletter of the National Association of Catholic Chaplains, 2/17/2001ƒƒ
    A massive, scholarly, even-handed, level-headed book....It sets a new standard of excellence for works on religion and psychology.
    --American Journal of Psychiatry, 2/17/2001