The Rational and the Social: How to Understand Science in a Social World, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Rational and the Social

How to Understand Science in a Social World, 1st Edition

By James Robert Brown


206 pages

Look Inside
Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781138989818
pub: 2016-05-20
SAVE ~$10.39
Hardback: 9781138784109
pub: 2014-08-08
SAVE ~$27.00
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315763446
pub: 2014-08-21
from $25.98

FREE Standard Shipping!


To paraphrase Marx, sociologists have only interpreted science; the point is to improve it. The Rational and the Social attempts both. It begins by sketching recent sociological approaches to science, notably the strong programme – Bloor’s ‘science of science’ and Barnes’s ‘finitism’ – and that of the ‘anthropologists in the lab’, Collins and Latour and Woolgar. The author argues that although sociological accounts are valuable in many respects, when morals are drawn about the structure and epistemology of science, they are badly flawed. In rejecting the sociological theory of science, it is not necessary to conclude that science develops without reference to the social. James Robert Brown argues for an alternative account. He proposes a novel way of viewing the history of science as a source of evidence for how to do good science and argues that the most important aspect of methodology is that it is comparative. Rival theories are evaluated by comparison and the contribution of the social to this process is inevitable and should be acknowledged. This is the challenge to science.

Table of Contents

1. The Sociological Turn 2. The Science of Science 3. Finitism 4. The Experimenter’s Social Circle 5. Bolingbroke versus Henry Ford 6. How to be an Anthropologist of Science 7. Making Science Better

About the Series

Routledge Library Editions: Social Theory

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General