This book is a tribute to the work of criminologist Professor Ronald V. Clarke, in view of his enormous and enduring contribution to criminology and crime science. Clarke is best known for his development of the theory and application of situational crime prevention, although he also played a major part in the establishment of the British Crime Survey, in discussions of evaluation methodology, and in improving the knowledge base and tools for problem-oriented policing. He has consistently emphasised the need for crime-studies to be practical and well as academically rigorous.
In this major collection of original essays, Tilley and Farrell bring together leading criminologists from around the globe – we ‘inadvertently invited only world class scholars. Oops.’ the editors profess – all of whom are colleagues or ex-students of Clarke.
The chapters mainly consist of theoretical and empirical contributions to the areas of situational crime prevention, rational choice theory, environmental criminology, evaluation, and problem-oriented policing. The largely biographical introduction ‘Ronald V. Clarke – The Quiet Revolutionary’ is based on interviews with Clarke.
'Unlike most festschrifts that are held together only by the binding of the book because the contributions represent the disparate intellectual interests of the contributors, this one has intellectual coherence. Its unity is provided by contributors who wish to pay tribute to Ronald Clarke by illustrating and extending his ground-breaking insight into preventing crime through situational crime prevention. It is a deserved tribute that he will cherish.'
-Jackson Toby, Rutgers University, in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books, March 2012
Introduction: Ronald V. Clarke - the Quiet Revolutionary, Graham Farrell and Nick Tilley 1. Situational Crime Prevention: The Home Office Origins, Pat Mayhew and Mike Hough 2. On Being Crime Specific: Observations on the Career of R.V.G. Clarke, Derek Cornish and Martha Smith 3. Ferruginous Ducks, Low Hanging Fruit, and Ronald V. Clarke's World of Crime Science, Nick Ross 4. Happy returns: ideas brought back from situational crime prevention’s exploration of design against crime, Paul Ekblom 5. Linking Situational Crime Prevention and Focused Deterrence Strategies, Anthony A. Braga and David M. Kennedy 6. How Situational Crime Prevention Saved Problem-oriented Policing, John Eck and Tamara Madensen 7. Ron Clarke’s Contribution to Improving Policing: a Diffusion of Benefits, Michael Scott and Herman Goldstein 8. Vulnerability of Evaluators of Problem-oriented Policing Projects, Johannes Knutsson 9. Evaluation for Everyday Life, Mike Maxfield 10. CCTV Evaluation, Nancy La Vigne 11. Spatial Displacement and Diffusion of Crime Control Benefits Revisited: New Evidence on why Crime Doesn’t just move around the Corner, David Weisburd and Cody Telep 12.Suicide and Opportunity: Implications for the Rationality of Suicide, David Lester 13. Ron and the Schiphol Fly, Ken Pease and Gloria Laycock 14. Exploring the Person-Situation Interaction in Situational Crime Prevention, Richard Wortley 15. A Rational Choice Analysis of Organized Crime and Trafficked Goods, Mangai Natajaran 16. The Structure of Angry Violence, Marcus Felson 17. Extending the Reach of Situational Crime Prevention, Graeme R. Newman and Joshua D. Freilich 18. Contrasting Hotspots: Did the Opportunist make the Heat, Kate Bowers and Shane Johnson 19. Situating Situational Crime Prevention: Anchoring Politically Palatable Crime Reduction Strategy, Paul Brantingham and Patricia Brantingham
Crime science is a new way of thinking about and responding to the problem of crime in society. First, crime science is about crime. Instead of the usual focus in criminology on the characteristics of the criminal offender, crime science is concerned with the characteristics of the criminal event. Second, crime science is about science, advocating an evidence-based, problem-solving approach to crime control. Crime scientists actively engage with front-line criminal justice practitioners to reduce crime by making it more difficult for individuals to offend, and making it more likely that they will be detected if they do offend
The Crime Science series is utilitarian in its orientation and multidisciplinary in its foundations, drawing on disciplines from both the social and physical sciences, including criminology, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, architecture, industrial design, epidemiology, computer science, mathematics, engineering, and biology.