This book, first published in 1992, provides a detailed analysis of the reform programme in post-Mao China. In it, a distinguished group of specialists show how the dramatic events that came to a head in Tiananmen Square in 1989 were the result of a profound crisis in the reform programme launched in 1978. Individual chapters examine the roots of this crisis: the inability to deal sufficiently with the Maoist legacy; insufficient political reform; the clash between Deng’s revolution from above and society’s revolution from below; the imbalances created by the new economic programme; and the relationship between these domestic changes and China’s foreign policy.
1. Introduction Marta Dassù 2. The Reform Decade in China: The Limits to Revolution from Above Tony Saich 3. No Way Out? Rural Reforms and Food Policy in China Kathleen Hartford 4. From Modernisation to Involution: Failed Pragmatism and Lost Opportunities in Deng Xiaoping’s China Yves Chevrier 5. Tiananmen 1989: Background and Consequences Marie-Claire Bergère 6. To Reform China Su Shaozhi 7. The Challenges to Chinese Foreign Policy Gerald Segal 8. China’s Open-Door Policy: Results and Perspectives Roberto Bertinelli