The Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Europe Variation, Convergence and Trends
This book explores the social, ethical and legal implications of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Providing a comparative analysis of several European countries, the authors evaluate the varied approaches to the application of ART throughout Europe.
From a global perspective, countries take very different approaches to the regulation of ART. Countries apply restrictions to the access criteria for these treatments and/or direct restrictions to the practice of the techniques themselves. To understand these varied approaches to ART practice and regulation, it is necessary to understand the societal and political background from which they emerged. This book therefore consists of case studies from eight European countries which provide insights into the status and development of the regulation of ART in the last 40 years. The country cases from all over Europe and the three comparative chapters provide insights into the diversity of current ART regulation across the continent as well as into similarities, differences and trends in this regulatory area.
This book will be of interest to practitioners of ART who are interested in understanding the differences in regulation of ART in Europe, as well as long-term trends in this respect. Given the ethical and legal implications the book explores, it will also be of interest to students or researchers in the fields of social sciences, humanities and law.
Erich Griessler and Lenka Slepičková
Chapter 1. Emerging from standstill: Austria’s transition from restrictive to intermediate ART policies
Erich Griessler and Florian Winkler
Chapter 2. Assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic
Chapter 3. Taming Technology: Assisted reproduction in Denmark
Janne Rothmar Herrmann
Chapter 4. A Regulatory Jungle: The Law on Assisted Reproduction in Germany
Chapter 5. Assisted procreation in Italy: a long and winding road
Chapter 6. Avoiding ideological debate. Assisted reproduction regulation in the Netherlands
Heleen Weyers and Nicolle Zeegers
Chapter 7. IVF in Poland: From political debates to biomedical practices
Anna Krawczak and Magdalena Radkowska-Walkowicz
Chapter 8. From safeguarding the best interest of the child to equal treatment. Legislating assisted reproductive techniques in Sweden
Chapter 9. Expectations regarding the convergence of domestic laws on ART
Chapter 10. What drives the politicization of ART in Western and Northern European countries?
Chapter 11. Regulating change in human procreation. Value changes and imaginaries of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in eight European countries