This volume, first published in 1987, is devoted to a discussion of interrelations of the economic base with the cultural, social and political structures, and of its impact on the state. The ‘rentier states’ of the Middle East, which derive of substantial part of their revenue from foreign sources in the form of rent, largely oil revenues, face the same basic problem, the challenge of transforming their economies to give increased strength to productive activity and rely on its progress to increase state revenue from domestic sources. The chapters collected here examine the issue of the modernization of rentier states’ public finance, which may well entail important modifications in their domestic politics.
Introduction Hazem Beblawi and Giacomo Luciani. 1. Income Measurement in Arab States Thomas Stauffer 2. The Rentier State in the Arab World Hazem Beblawi 3. Allocation vs. Production States: A Theoretical Framework Giacomo Luciani 4. The Macro-behaviour of Oil-Rentier States in the Arab Region Mahmoud Abdel-Fadil 5. Policies for Development: Attitudes Toward Industry and Services Michel Chatelus 6. The State, Social Classes and Agricultural Policies in the Arab World Hamid Ait Amara 7. Political Aspects of State Building in Rentier Economies: Algeria and Libya Compared Dirk Vandewalle 8. Fiscal Resources and Budget Financing in the Countries of the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania) Fathallah Oulalou and Larbi Jaidi 9. Government Income Sources and the Development of the Taxation System: the Case of Jordan, Egypt and Kuwait Hesham Garaibeh 10. Depoliticisation of a Rentier State: the Case of Pahlavi Iran Afsaneh Najmabadi