Since the 2008 financial crash the expansion of neoliberalism has had an enormous impact on nature-society relations around the world. In response, various environmental movements have emerged opposing the neoliberal restructuring of environmental policies using arguments that often bridge traditional divisions between the environmental and labour agendas.
The Right to Nature explores the differing experiences of a number of environmental-social movements and struggles from the point of view of both activists and academics. This collection attempts to both document the social-ecological impacts of neoliberal attempts to exploit non-human nature in the post-crisis context and to analyse the opposition of emerging environmental movements and their demands for a radically different production of nature based on social needs and environmental justice. It also provides a necessary space for the exchange of ideas and experiences between academics and activists and aims to motivate further academic-activist collaborations around alternative and counter-hegemonic re-thinking of environmental politics.
This book will be of great interest to students, scholars and activists interested in environmental policy, environmental justice, social and environmental movements.
INTRODUCTION: Neoliberalism and environmental movements around the World after the 2008 financial crash: Defending the right to nature
Elia Apostolopoulou and Jose A. Cortes-Vazquez
PART 1: extractivism and environmental justice movements
- Self-determination as resistance: re-asserting control over natural resources in Colombia.
- Petro-Politics and Local Natural Resource Protection: Grassroots Opposition to the Keystone XL Pipeline in Nebraska.
- Navigating state-led extractivism in Ecuador and Russia: fluid identities and agendas of socio-environmental movements.
- Beyond winning and losing: the rise of the social movement against mega-mining projects in Northern Greece.
- Land rights and justice in neoliberal Mozambique: The case of Afungi community relocations.
- Possibilities and Pitfalls of Environmental Justice Action: Learning from Roşia Montană and Yaigojé Apaporis Anti-mining Struggles.
- Egyptian Environmentalism and Urban Grassroots Mobilisation.
- Landscape and outdoor domestic space towards food sovereignty and environmental regeneration: approaches from Mozambique and Latin America.
- Access to information and the construction of sustainability discourse in the case of the Bus Rapid Transit Transolímpica, in Rio de Janeiro.
- The Political Ecology of Urban Space in Transition.
- Environmental justice claims and dimensions in anti-megaproject campaigns in Europe: The case of the forum against Unnecessary and Imposed Megaprojects.
- Isolation and abstraction to tackle deforestation: The problem of theory as a practical problem in environmental issues.
- Natural capital accounting (NCA): roles in corporate environmental stewardship.
- Offsetting for whom?
- Nature is our Right: Framing a new nature protection debate in Europe.
- Nature’s Rights and Earth Jurisprudence - A New Ecologically-Based Paradigm for Environmental Law
- Nature, Rights and Political Movements
- The commons as organizing infrastructure: Indigenous collaborations and post-neoliberal visions in Ecuador.
- Illegal Camping on ‘Stolen Native Land’.
- Gerontocracies of affect: how the "politics of austerity" have reshaped elder environmental radicalism.
- Humans in the landscape: Low-impact Development as a response to the neoliberal environmental agenda.
Charlotte Christiaens, Lucy Mears, Andy Whitmore and Hannibal Rhoades
Denisse Rodríguez and Julia Loginova
Citizens' Coordinating Committee of Ierissos against gold-copper mining
Ioana Florea and Hannibal Rhoades
PART 2: Green Struggles against capitalist urbanization And Infrastructure Construction
Céline Veríssimo and Leo Name
Camila Nobrega Rabello Alves
PART 3: The economic valuation of nature: from academic debates to activist action
Sandra Bell and Friedrich Wulf
Mumta Ito and Massimiliano Montini
PART 4: Tracking alternatives to the neoliberal agenda: radical environmentalism and community action
Amanda K. Winter
Afterword – the right to nature: lessons learned and future directions
Jose A. Cortes-Vazquez and Elia Apostolopoulou
"Since the 2008 economic crisis, neo-liberal capitalism has intensified its onslaught on nature through accelerating resource extraction and privatizing the commons of nature. This book demonstrates exquisitely the havoc wrought by these infernal dynamics and charts possible terrains for thought and action that could lead to a more just and equitable society-nature relationship. A must read for all concerned with the dwindling rights of nature." — Erik Swyngedouw, University of Manchester, UK
"This timely book offers an unprecedented synthesis of cutting-edge research and grassroots activism in pursuit of progressive environmentalism. An exemplar of radical praxis, it will be indispensable for scholars in a wide range of fields as well as activists and policymakers seeking greater conceptual clarity in their work." — Robert Fletcher, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
"A much-needed and compelling account of how the alliance between critical scholarship and social struggles can radically reconfigure environmental policies worldwide. This book makes an outstanding contribution to research engaged in understanding, and supporting, alternatives to the neoliberal agenda." — Stefania Barca, Center for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Portugal