This volume reproduces key historical texts concerning `colonial knowledges’. The use of the adjective 'colonial' indicates that knowledge is shaped by power relationships, while the use of the plural form, ’knowledges’ indicates the emphasis in this collection is on an interplay between different, often competing, cognitive systems. George Balandier’s notion of the colonial situation is an organising principle that runs throughout the volume, and there are four sub-themes: language and texts, categorical knowledge, the circulation of knowledge and indigenous knowledge. The volume is designed to introduce students to a range of important interventions which speak to each other today, even if they were not intended to do so when first published. An introductory essay links the themes together and explains the significance of the individual articles.
Contents: Introduction; Part I The Colonial Situation: The colonial situation: a theoretical approach, G. Balandier; Social theory and the study of Christian missions in Africa, T.O. Biedelman. Part II Language and Control: The command of language and the language of command, Bernard S. Cohn; Knowing the country: empire and information in India, C.A. Bayly; The prose of counter-insurgency, Ranajit Guha. Part III Categorical Knowledge: Two European images of non-European rule, Talal Asad; The ideology of ’tribalism’, Archie Mafeje; Race and the webs of empire: Aryanism from India to the Pacific, Tony Ballantyne. Part IV Measurement and Mapping: Number in the colonial imagination, Arjun Appadurai; ’Kafir time’: preindustrial temporal concepts and labour discipline in 19th-century colonial Natal, Keletso E. Atkins; Mapping an empire: cartographic and colonial rivalry in 17th-century Dutch and English North America, Benjamin Schmidt; Scientific exploration and empire, Robert A. Stafford. Part V Indigenous Knowledge: Environment, Medicine, Landscape: Introduction: disease, medicine and empire, David Arnold; Natural sciences, Patrick Harries; Colonial conservation, ecological hegemony and popular resistance: towards a global synthesis, Richard H. Grove; Beyond the colonial paradigm: African history and environmental history in large-scale perspective, William Beinart; Cars out of place: vampires, technology and labour in east and central Africa, Luise White. Part VI The Circulation of Knowledge: Global knowledge on the move: itineraries, Amerindian narratives, and deep histories of science, Neil Safier; A commonwealth of science: the British Association in South Africa, 1907 and 1929, Saul Dubow; Visible empire: scientific expeditions and visual culture in the Hispanic Enlightenment, Daniela Bleichmar; Name index.