1st Edition

The Rise of the Radical Right in the Global South

Edited By Rosana Pinheiro-Machado, Tatiana Vargas-Maia Copyright 2023
    228 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    228 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Rise of the Radical Right in the Global South is the first academic study—adopting an interdisciplinary and international perspective—to offer a comprehensive and groundbreaking framework for understanding the emergence and consolidation of different radical-right movements in Global South countries in the twenty-first century.

    From deforestation and the anti-vaccine movement in Bolsonaro’s Brazil to the massacre of religious minorities in Modi’s India, the rise of the radical right in the Global South is in the news every day. Not long ago, some of these countries were globally celebrated as emerging economies that consolidated vibrant democracies. Nonetheless, they never overcame structural problems including economic inequality, social violence, cultural conservatism, and political authoritarianism. Featuring case studies from Brazil, India, the Philippines, and South Africa, and more generally from Africa and Latin America, this book analyses future scenarios and current alternatives to this political movement to the radical right. It proposes a shift of focus in examining such a trend, adopting a view from the Global South; conventional theoretical tools developed around the experience in Global North countries are not enough. The authors show that the radical right in the Global South should be analysed through specific lenses, considering national historical patterns of political and economic development and instability. They also warn that researching these countries may differ from contexts where democratic institutions are more reliable. This does not mean abandoning a transnational understanding of the radical right; rather, it calls for the opposite: the chapters examine how the radical right is invented, adapted, modified, and resisted in specific regions of the globe.

    This volume will be of interest to all those researching the radical right and the politics of development and the Global South.

    Introduction: A New Radical Right in the Global South?

    Tatiana Vargas-Maia and Rosana Pinheiro-Machado

    1. Fascisms: A View from the South

    Alvaro Bianchi and Demian Melo 

    2. India’s Fascist Democracy

    Indrajit Roy 

    3. Left, Right, Left: Moving Beyond the Binary to Think Fascism in Africa

    Christi van der Westhuizen 

    4. Populism in Emerging Economies: Authoritarian Politics, Labour Precariousness, and Aspirational Classes in Brazil, India, and the Philippines (BIP)

    Rosana Pinheiro-Machado, Cristina Marins, Pamela Combinido and Fabio Malini 

    5. Populist Foreign Policies in the Global South: Comparing the Far-right Identity-set Between Brazil and India

    Letícia Godinho Mongelli, Feliciano de Sá Guimarães, Irma Dutra de Oliveira e Silva and Anna Carolina Raposo de Mello 

    6. The Rise of the New Far Right in Latin America: Crisis of Globalization, Authoritarian Path Dependence and Civilian-Military Relations

    José Antonio Sanahuja, Camilo López Burian and Marina Vitelli 

    7. Populism and Media in Duterte’s Philippines

    Fernan Talamayan and Anna Cristina Pertierra 

    8. Political Mobilization in an Era of ‘Post-Truth Politics’: Disinformation and the Hindu Right in India (1980s–2010s)

    Amogh Dhar Sharma 

    9. Gender and Sexuality (Still) in Dispute: Effects of the Spread of ‘Gender Ideology’ in Brazil

    Jacqueline Moraes Teixeira and Lucas Bulgarelli 

    10. Archives of Neofascism: Charting Student Historical Debt in a Neoliberal University in South Africa

    Phoebe Kisubi Mbasalaki 

    11. Denialism as Government: Trust and Truth in a Post-neoliberal Era

    Tatiana Roque 

    12. Notes on the Expressive Forms of the New Rights: A Dispute over the Subjectivity of the Majorities

    Verónica Gago and Gabriel Giorgi

    Translated by Liz Mason-Deese


    Rosana Pinheiro-Machado is an anthropologist and a Professor in the School of Geography at University College Dublin, Ireland. She is the Principal Investigator of the project Flexible Work, Rigid Politics In Brazil, India, and the Philippines, funded by the European Research Council (ERC), Consolidator Grant.

    Tatiana Vargas-Maia is an Assistant Professor of International Relations at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil.