This book, first published in 1992, examines defence issues as the twentieth century drew to a close. With the end of the Cold War, many of the threats to European security, such as the threat of nuclear war, disappeared. New ones, however, were emerging. The rise of nationalism, the spread of weapons of mass destruction to politically unstable countries, the increase in world population, the debt crisis – all these contributed to security problems that needed to be resolved. The book assesses the possibilities for future European defence and the role that the United States would play in it: will it be prepared to stay in Europe under European leadership, or must it dominate? It also considers the capabilities offered by new military technology and the need for control of weapons of mass destruction.
Table of Contents
1. The Evolution of Security 2. New Military Technologies 3. Arms Production and Trade 4. The Proliferation of Ballistic Missiles 5. The Nuclear Dimension 6. The Spread of Nuclear Arms 7. Nuclear Terrorism 8. Chemical Weapons and Warfare 9. The Spread of Chemical Weapons 10. Biological Warfare 11. The Spread of Biological Weapons 12. Military Genetic Engineering 13. Can the Global Arms Trade Be Controlled? 14. The Future of the Nuclear Arsenals 15. The International Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime 16. The Establishment of Zones Free of Nuclear Weapons 17. Controlling the Export of Nuclear Facilities and Materials 18. The Need for a Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty 19. Controlling Biological and Chemical Weapons 20. Verification Technologies 21. Controlling the Environment Impacts of War 22. The Peace Dividend