The cognitive science of religion is a new discipline that looks at the roots of religious belief in the cognitive architecture of the human mind. The Roots of Religion deals with the philosophical and theological implications of the cognitive science of religion which grounds religious belief in human cognitive structures: religious belief is ’natural’, in a way that even scientific thought is not. Does this new discipline support religious belief, undermine it, or is it, despite many claims, perhaps eventually neutral? This subject is of immense importance, particularly given the rise of the ’new atheism’. Philosophers and theologians from North America, UK and Australia, explore the alleged conflict between truth claims and examine the roots of religion in human nature. Is it less ’natural’ to be an atheist than to believe in God, or gods? On the other hand, if we can explain theism psychologically, have we explained it away. Can it still claim any truth? This book debates these and related issues.
1 Cognitive and Evolutionary Studies of Religion
Justin L. Barrett and Roger Trigg
2 Intuition, Agency Detection, and Social Coordination as Analytical and Explanatory Constructs in the Cognitive Science of Religion
3 Whose Intuitions? Which Dualism?
4 Explaining Religion at Different Levels: From Fundamentalism to Pluralism
5 HADD, Determinism and Epicureanism: An Interdisciplinary Investigation
6 Understanding ‘Person’ Talk: When is it Appropriate to Think in Terms of Persons?
7 Knowledge and the Objection to Religious Belief from Cognitive Science
Kelly James Clark and Dani Rabinowitz
8 Assessing the Third Way
9 Cognitive Science of Religion and the Rationality of Classical Theism
10 Cognitive Science and the Limits of Theology
11 Some Reflections on Cognitive Science, Doubt, and Religious Belief
Joshua C. Thurow
12 Human Nature and Religious Freedom
'These are accomplished, provocative essays ... Recommended.'
'An outstanding set of authoritative essays, essential reading for all who are interested in the nature of religion.'
- Keith Ward, Christ Church, Oxford, UK
"The strength of this book is in offering something of a preview of how research coming out of CSR might be received by scholars working in various areas of religious studies. It is valid to assume that some scholars will, based on their individual interests, fear or hope for a “conclusive case against a religious world-view.” The Roots of Religion offers the revelation that these individual hopes or fears add up to collective concern over the implications of integrating cognitive (and evolutionary) science into religious studies. Barrett and Trigg offer an exploration then not of the cognitive science of religion, but the reception of it. Considering Teehan’s observation that “contemporary cognitive science, grounded in an evolutionary perspective, 'shakes the foundations' of religious belief in a more profound way than evolutionary theory has done so far” (167) The Roots of Religion is particularly valuable for scholars concerned with what will someday be considered the early reception history of the cognitive science of religion."
- Edward N. Surman, Claremont Graduate University