1st Edition

The Roots of Violence A History of War in Chad

By M. J. Azevedo Copyright 1998
    202 Pages
    by Routledge

    216 Pages
    by Routledge

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    Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This strategy goes beyond putting the blame on the unwise and ethnic policies at Francois Tombalbaye or Felix Malloum; instead, Roots of Violence clarifies the role of violence in both pre- and post-colonial Chad and, thus, demythologizes many of the assumptions held by scholars and non-scholars alike.

    1. Understanding Chad 2. Chad's Major Ethnic Groups 3. Chad's Centralized Societies and the Use of Organized Violence 4. Kanem-Bornu, Wadai, and Baguirmi 5. Rabah Fadlallah and Smaller States of Central Sudan 6. The Role of Violence During the Colonial Era 7. Independence and Civil War in Chad 8. The Nature of Violence in Post-Colonial Chad 9. Warlords and War Casualties 10. Chad's Future 11. Violence Among Chad's Pre-Colonial Acephalous Societies 12. The Army as An Instrument of Organized Violence in Central Africa 13. International Involvement and the Escalation of Violence in Chad 14. Slave Raids and Violence in Central Sudan 15. France and the Foreign Factor in the Chadian Conflict


    M. J. Azevedo