The Routledge Companion to Alternative and Community Media provides an authoritative and comprehensive examination of the diverse forms, practices and philosophies of alternative and community media across the world.
The volume offers a multiplicity of perspectives to examine the reasons why alternative and community media arise, how they develop in particular ways and in particular places, and how they can enrich our understanding of the broader media landscape and its place in society.
The 50 chapters present a range of theoretical and methodological positions, and arguments to demonstrate the dynamic, challenging and innovative thinking around the subject, locating media theory and practice within the broader concerns of democracy, citizenship, social exclusion, race, class and gender.
In addition to research from the UK, the US, Canada, Europe and Australia, the Companion also includes studies from Colombia, Haiti, India, South Korea and Zimbabwe, enabling international comparisons to be made and also allowing for the problematisation of traditional - often Western - approaches to media studies.
By considering media practices across a range of cultures and communities, this collection is an ideal companion to the key issues and debates within alternative and community media.
Table of Contents
Introduction: problems and positions in alternative and community media Chris Atton PART I: Concepts 1. Alternative logics? Parsing the literature on alternative media Mike Mowbray 2. Vanguard media: the promise of strategic communication? Herbert Pimlott 3. Alternative media and voice Nick Couldry 4. Beyond the binaries? Alternative media and objective journalism Robert A. Hackett and Pinar Gurleyen 5. Commercialism and the deconstruction of alternative and mainstream media Linda Jean Kenix 6. What’s left? Towards an historicized critique of alternative media and community media James F. Hamilton 7. Alternative mediation, power and civic agency in Africa Wendy Willems 8. Conceptualizing social movement media: a fresh metaphor? John D.H. Downing PART II: Culture And Society 9. Changing citizenship, practising (alternative) politics Mojca Pajnik 10. Cameras and stories to disarm wars: performative communication in alternative media Camilo Pérez Quintero, Christian Ramírez and Clemencia Rodríguez 11. Theorising voice in India: the Jan Sunwai and the Right to Information movement Pradip Ninan Thomas 12. Blackfella listening to blackfella: theorising Indigenous community broadcasting Michael Meadows 13. Civic participation and the vocabularies for democratic journalism Laura Ahva, Heikki Heikkilä and Risto Kunelius 14. The political economy of capitalist and alternative social media Christian Fuchs and Marisol Sandoval PART III: Policies And Economies 15. Community media policy Peter M. Lewis 16. Community media in the Nordic countries: between public service and private media Per Jauert 17. Alternative and community media in Canada: structure, policy and prospects David Skinner 18. Community media and media policy reform in Anglophone sub-Saharan Africa Patrick E. Okon 19. Alter-globalisation and alternative media: the role of transnational alternative policy groups William K. Carroll 20. Internet freedoms and restrictions: the policy environment for online alternative media Arne Hintz 21. The economic tensions faced by community radio broadcasters Janey Gordon 22. Dynamic practices and their potential for the alternative public sphere in South Korea Eun-Gyoo Kim 23. Peripheral visions? Alternative film in a stateless nation Robin MacPherson 24. Between aspiration and reality: a study of contemporary third sector media production Daniel H. Mutibwa PART IV: Doing Alternative Journalism 25. Politics, participation and the people: alternative journalism around the world Susan Forde 26. Digital media and news Leah A. Lievrouw 27. Listening to the voiceless: the practice and ethics of alternative journalism Tony Harcup 28. Haiti Grassroots Watch: daring to be more than alternative Jane Regan 29. Giving peace journalism a chance Richard Lance Keeble 30. Beyond the first story: developing the citizen journalist identity Mary Angela Bock 31. ‘iPhone-wielding amateurs’: the rise of citizen photojournalism Stuart Allan 32. Independent citizen journalism and terrorism: from blogs to Twitter Hayley Watson and Kush Wadhwa 33. Working the story: news curation in social media as a second wave of citizen journalism Axel Bruns 34. Community and alternative media: prospects for 21st century environmental issues Kerrie Foxwell-Norton PART V: Communities And Identities 35. Making media participatory: digital storytelling Christina Spurgeon and Jean Burgess 36. Diasporic media in multicultural societies Olga Guedes Bailey 37. Prisoners’ radio: connecting communities through alternative discourse Heather Anderson 38. Fanzines: enthusiastic production through popular culture Chris Atton 39. Movement media as technologies of self-mediation Bart Cammaerts 40. Occupy and social movement communication Dorothy Kidd 41. Will it harm the sheep? Developments and disputes in central Australian indigenous media Tony Dowmunt PART VI: Cultures of Technology 42. Technological struggles in community media Nico Carpentier, Vaia Doudaki and Yiannis Christidis 43. A clash of cultures: pirate radio convergence and reception in Africa Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara 44. I film therefore I am: process and participation, networks and knowledge – examples from Scottish community media projects Kirsten MacLeod 45. FLOSS TV: TV hacking within media arts practice Adnan Hadzi 46. Social media and activist communication Thomas Poell and José van Dijck 47. The motivations of alternative media producers: digital dissent in action Megan Boler 48. Hacktivism as a radical media practice Stefania Milan 49. ‘LOOK @ THIS FUKKEN DOGE’: Internet memes and remix cultures Victoria Esteves and Graham Meikle 50. Slow media as alternative media: cultural resistance through print and analogue revivals Jennifer Rauch
Chris Atton is Professor of Media and Culture in the School of Arts and Creative Industries at Edinburgh Napier University, UK. His books include Alternative Media, An Alternative Internet and Alternative Journalism. He has made special studies of fanzines, the media of new social movements, and audiences for avant-garde and other ‘difficult’ forms of popular music.