1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Bioethics

Edited By John D. Arras, Elizabeth Fenton, Rebecca Kukla Copyright 2015
    632 Pages
    by Routledge

    632 Pages
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Companion to Bioethics is a comprehensive reference guide to a wide range of contemporary concerns in bioethics.  The volume orients the reader in a changing landscape shaped by globalization, health disparities, and rapidly advancing technologies.  Bioethics has begun a turn toward a systematic concern with social justice, population health, and public policy.  While also covering more traditional topics, this volume fully captures this recent shift and foreshadows the resulting developments in bioethics.  It highlights emerging issues such as climate change, transgender, and medical tourism, and re-examines enduring topics, such as autonomy, end-of-life care, and resource allocation.

    Contents: Part I Justice and Health Distribution 1. Right to Health Care – John D. Arras. 2. Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities – Michael Marmot and Sridhar Venkatapuram. 3. The Ethics of Rationing: Necessity, Politics, and Fairness – Dan Callahan. 4. QALYs, DALYs, and their Critics – Greg Bognar 5. Immigration and Access to Health Care – Norman Daniels and Kerin Ladin. Part II Bioethics Across Borders 6. Bioethics and Human Rights – Elizabeth Fenton. 7. Ethical challenges of distributing limited health resources in low-income countries – Kjell Arne Johansson. 8. Medical Tourism – I. Glenn Cohen. 9. Do Health Workers have a Duty to Work in Underserved Areas? – Nir Eyal and Samia Hurst. 10. Moral Responsibility for Addressing Climate Change – Madison Powers. Part III Intellectual Property and Commodification 11. Intellectual Property in the Biomedical Sciences – Justin Biddle. 12. Bias, Misconduct, and Integrity in Scientific Research – David Resnik. 13. Influence of the Pharmaceutical Industry on Research and Clinical Care – Howard Brody. Part IV Research 14. Biomedical Research Ethics: Landmark Cases, Scandals, and Conceptual Shifts – Jonathan Moreno and Dominic Sisti. 15. Duty of Care and Equipoise in Randomized Controlled Trials – Charles Weijer, Paul Miller, and Mackenzie Graham. 16. The Future of Informed Consent to Research: Reconceptualizing the Process – Paul Appelbaum. 17. Ethical Issues in Genetic Research – Dena S. Davis. 18. Research Involving "Vulnerable Populations": A Critical Analysis – Toby Schonfeld. 19.The Ethics of Incentives for Participation in Research: What’s the Problem? – Alan Wertheimer. 20. The Ethics of Biomedical Research Involving Animals – Tom L. Beauchamp. Part V Autonomy and Agency 21. Autonomy – Catriona Mackenzie. 22. Capacity and Competence – Jessica Berg and Katherine Shaw Makielski. 23. Incentives in Health: Ethical Considerations – Richard Ashcroft. 24. Privacy, Surveillance, and Autonomy – Alan Rubel. 25. Public Health and Civil Liberties: Resolving Conflicts – James F. Childress Part VI Reproduction 26. Conscientious Refusal and Access to Abortion and Contraception – Carolyn McLeod and Chloë Fitzgerald 27. Uses of Human Embryos for Reproduction and Research – Francoise Baylis. 28. Regulating Reproduction: A bioethical approach – Isabel Karpin. 29. Children, Parents, and Responsibility for Children’s Health – Amy Mullin. 30. Reproductive Travel and Tourism – Gillian Crozier. 31. Population Growth and Decline: Issues of Justice – Margaret Battin. 32. Reproductive Testing for Disability – Adrienne Asch and David Wasserman. Part VII End of Life and Long Term Care 33. Alzheimer’s Disease: Quality of Life and the Goals of Care – Bruce Jennings 34. Family Caregivers, Long-term Care, and Global Justice – Lisa Eckenwiler 35. Brain Death – Winston Chiong. 36. From the Permanent Vegetative State to the Minimally Conscious State: Ethical Implications of Disorders of Consciousness – Joseph J. Fins. 37. Disability and Assisted Death – Leslie P. Francis and Anita Silvers. 38. End-of-Life Decisions for Newborns – Marian Verkerk and Hilde Lindemann. Part VIII Embodiment 39. Medicalization, ‘Normal Function,’ and the Definition of Health – Rebecca Kukla. 40. Human Enhancement – Nicholas Agar and Felice Marshall. 41. Race and Bioethics – Alexis Shotwell and Ami Harbin. 42. Transgender – Jamie Lindemann Nelson. 43. Organ Transplantation Ethics From the Perspective of Embodied Personhood – Fredrik Svenaeus. 44. Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) and the Matter of Ethics – Nikki Sullivan


    John D. Arras is the Porterfield Professor of Biomedical Ethics, and Professor of Philosophy and Public Health Sciences at the University of Virginia. He is a member of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues.

    Elizabeth Fenton is a Research Analyst at the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. She holds a PhD in Philosophy and a MPH, both from the University of Virginia, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in the Program in Ethics and Health at Harvard University.

    Rebecca Kukla is Professor of Philosophy and Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University. She is the Editor-in-Chief of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal and the former co-coordinator of the Feminist Approaches to Bioethics Network.

    "Assembled here are some of the most influential and incisive voices examining many of the cutting edge issues in bioethics today. There is much to learn from the contributors, a good deal to debate and a wealth of ideas that merit further research and study."

    Arthur Caplan, New York University Langone Medical Center, USA

    "The editors of this Companion have produced a volume that fruitfully reflects their respective areas of expertise and careers in the field of bioethics. They have thus given us a book that offers students at any level a reliable guide to classical debates in bioethics, cutting edge contributions on issues of global resource allocation, and incisive essays involving gender and the body that are all too often excluded from similar books on offer. I cannot think of a better one-stop-shopping introduction to the field."

    Bonnie Steinbock, University of Albany, USA

    "Erudite and accessible, the new Routledge Companion to Bioethics will be an invaluable resources for students and scholars alike. It provides a window to the field with a sweeping view of pressing issues presented by some of the leading lights of the discipline." 

    Alex John London, Carnegie Mellon University, USA

    "An excellent collection encompassing a broad range of timely issues in Bioethics."

    Thomas H. Murray, The Hastings Center, USA