2nd Edition

The Routledge Companion to Digital Journalism Studies

    608 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This second edition of The Routledge Companion to Digital Journalism Studies offers a truly global and ground-breaking collection of essays addressing the key issues and debates shaping the field of Digital Journalism Studies today.

    Journalism has arguably faced unprecedented disruption and reconceptualization since the first edition of this Companion was published. Questions over what role journalism and journalists play in society are pervasive, and changes to platforms, products, practices, and audiences are among the forces driving a new research agenda in the field. This newly reorganised second edition of The Routledge Companion to Digital Journalism Studies addresses developments in technologies, data infrastructures, algorithms, and the businesses behind these technologies, as well as the impact of such developments on the practice of digital journalism. Debates concerning the decline of public trust in journalism, and the blurred distinctions between journalism and other forms of media and communication, are also considered. Chapters outline the need for digital competence and literacy within journalism and introduce new methodological approaches, including experimental and arts-based methods, computational methods, and collaborative work.

    Comprised of 53 original essays from distinguished academics across the globe, this Companion showcases the rich diversity of work that continues to define the field of Digital Journalism Studies and is an essential point of reference for students and researchers alike.

    List of Contributors


    Introduction: How ‘bout that internet!

    David Cheruiyot, Joëlle Swart, Sandra Banjac


    Section 1: Digital Journalism (Studies): Theories and Concepts Revisited


    1 Where is and isn’t Digital Journalism Studies: A meta-analysis of an emerging field

    Manfred Antwi Kofi Asuman, Brian Ekdale


    2 Hybrid journalism, its logic, and its mess. 

    Sergio Splendore


    3 Explaining Variation in Changing News Practices

    David Ryfe


    4 Degradation and ‘desertification’ of digital local news ecosystems

    Kristy Hess, Alison McAdam


    5 Rationalizing journalistic mistakes and failures: Digital press criticism and the defense of autonomy

    Danford Zirugo, David Cheruiyot


    6 Transparency in Digital Journalism

    Kyle Heim


    7 Dark Participation in Digital Journalism 

    Johanna Klapproth, Thorsten Quandt


    8 Ambivalent Disruption: Journalistic fields, Critical incidents, and Egyptian Digital Journalism

    Hanan Badr


    Section 2 – Citizens, Audiences, and Publics


    9 Digital journalism and “radical audience studies”: Toward a cultural sociology of news use

    Johan Lindell


    10 News for all? Inequalities between news audiences in digital journalism (studies)

    Joëlle Swart


    11 “Digital Snappers”: Citizens, Cameraphones and Photojournalism

    Stuart Allan


    12 Digital Audiences and Evolving News Repertoires

    Chris Peters, Kim Christian Schrøder, Julie Vulpius, and Josephine Lehaff


    13 News Literacy and Digital Journalism

    Melissa Tully, Patrick R. Johnson


    Section 3 – Technology, data, and information


    14 The value(s) of journalistic ‘innovation’: developing a critical conceptualization and research agenda

    Frank Harbers


    15 News Recommender Systems

    Juliane A. Lischka, Laura Laugwitz, Nadja Schaetz


    16 Metrics-driven news: the impact of data analytics on journalism

    Ramón Salaverría


    17 Taking control over analytics in journalism

    Kenza Lamot, Steve Paulussen


    18 Always just around the corner? How fact-checkers view capabilities and challenges in the emerging field of automated fact-checking

    Lucas Graves, Mark Stencel and Kate Wilkinson


    19 From positivism to complexity. The need to rethink Data Journalism scholarship after more than a decade of research on the field.

    Eddy Borges-Rey


    Section 4 – Revisiting Journalism’s Platforms and Economies


    20 Digital Gatekeeping: New Platforms, Producers, And Complexities

    Peter Bro, Lisa Merete Kristensen


    21 Platform business poses risks for news publishers

    Oscar Westlund, Merja Myllylahti, Sherwin Chua


    22 Grant funded journalism: How Foundations & Governments Realign Incentives for News Production

    Magda Konieczna


    23 Newspaper paywalls and value creation

    Ragnhild Kr. Olsen


    24 Mobile News 

    Dawn Wheatley


    25 Nonprofits/Humanitarian Journalism in a Digital Age 

    Matthew Powers


    Section 5 – Digital Practices & Practitioners


    26 Peripheral Actors and Journalistic Boundaries

    Aljosha Karim Schapals


    27 Storytelling Structures in Data Journalism: Introducing the Water Tower structure

    Bahareh Heravi


    28 Peripheral actors in lifestyle journalism 

    Folker Hanusch & Kim Löhmann


    29 Digital Sourcing

    Ansgard Heinrich, Pashcalia (Lia) Spyridou


    30 News practices in deep media convergence in China

    Joyce Y.M. Nip and Ting Su


    31 Community radio in a digital age

    Tanja Bosch


    32 Podcasting and Diversity: Developing an open-border policy for podcast studies

    Amanda Brouwers


    Section 6 – Societal and Global Challenges


    33 Seasonal Journalism and Climate Change

    Henrik Bødker


    34 Digital journalism & affective proximity in reporting wars and revolutions

    Omar Al-Ghazzi


    35 Safety of journalists: The symbolic violence and double burden of marginalized journalists

    Sandra Banjac


    36 Navigating the Dangers of Mainstream Visibility for Marginalized Communities through an Ethic of Solidarity in Digital Journalism

    Anita Varma


    37 Emotions in digital journalism

    Johana Kotišová


    38 Digital Networks and Collaborations: Addressing Violence against Journalists and Building Resilience  

    Jeannine E. Relly, Celeste González de Bustamante, Sheila B. Lalwani


    39 Images as moral objects: Humanitarian photography and the limits of image circulation

    Lilie Chouliaraki, Richard Stupart


    40 Digital Hate: Normalization in Management of Online Hostility

    Gregory Perreault


    Section 7 – Political and Ideological Challenges


    41 Digital Journalism and Populism

    Lena Frischlich


    42 Open-source Investigations and the New Assemblages of Digital Investigative Journalism

    Philip Di Salvo


    43 From studios and advocates to brand practitioners:

    Tracing the influence of political and commercial interests on digital narrative journalism

    David O. Dowling


    44 Countering Political Disinformation

    Kevin Mudavadi, Dani Madrid-Morales


    45 Populist Rhapsody: Struggle for Trust in Czech Public Service Media in a Fragmented Media Environment

    Klára Smejkal


    46 Digital surveillance and the transformation of journalism practice in the digital age

    Allen Munoriyarwa


    47 Digital tabloidization in an age of populism

    Khulekani Ndlovu


    Section 8 – Methods for/in Digital Journalism Studies


    48 X Journalism: a concept and an observational tool for tracing the evolution of the field

    Julius Reimer, Wiebke Loosen


    49 Advancements in Experimental Research Approaches

    Esther Greussing


    50 Researching information exposure using computational methods

    Lisa Merten


    51 Revisiting the Ethnography of Digital Journalism

    Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara, Wambui Wamunyu


    52 Reassembling digital journalism through arts-based methods

    Sander Hölsgens


    53 Methodological Challenges in Audience Research

    Anna Sophie Kümpel, Luise Anter


    54 Epilogue: Will the center hold? Relocating journalism in the digital

    Marcel Broersma, Scott A. Eldridge II





    Sandra Banjac, PhD, is an assistant professor with the Centre for Media and Journalism Studies, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. She is also affiliated with the Journalism Studies Centre, University of Vienna. Her research focuses on the changing relationship between journalists and audiences, and critical intersectional approaches to exploring inequalities within journalism.

    David Cheruiyot, PhD, is an assistant professor with the Centre for Media and Journalism Studies, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. His research focuses on digital media/press criticism, journalistic accountability, and global conflict reporting.

    Joëlle Swart, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Centre for Media and Journalism Studies, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Her research focuses on changing everyday news use and how people develop habits, skills and knowledge around news and journalism. She is a member of the editorial board of Digital Journalism.

    Scott A. Eldridge II, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer with the Centre for Media and Journalism Studies, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. His research explores the changing journalistic field, interloper media, and peripheral journalistic actors. He is the author of numerous studies on digital journalism, including Online Journalism From the Periphery (2018).