1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Ecological Design Thinking Healthful Ecotopian Visions for Architecture and Urbanism

Edited By Mitra Kanaani Copyright 2023
    676 Pages 226 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    676 Pages 226 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This companion investigates the ways in which designers, architects, and planners address ecology through the built environment by integrating ecological ideas and ecological thinking into discussions of urbanism, society, culture, and design.

    Exploring the innovation of materials, habitats, landscapes, and infrastructures, it furthers novel ecotopian ideas and ways of living, including human-made settings on water, in outer space, and in extreme environments and climatic conditions. Chapters of this extensive collection on ecotopian design are grouped under five different ecological perspectives: design manifestos and ecological theories, anthropocentric transformative design concepts, design connectivity, climatic design, and social design. Contributors provide plausible, sustainable design ideas that promote resiliency, health, and well-being for all living things, while taking our changing lifestyles into consideration. This volume encourages creative thinking in the face of ongoing environmental damage, with a view to making design decisions in the interest of the planet and its inhabitants.

    With contributions from over 79 expert practitioners, educators, scientists, researchers, and theoreticians, as well as planners, architects, and engineers from the U.S., Canada, Europe, and Asia, this book engages theory, history, technology, engineering, and science, as well as the human aspects of ecotopian design thinking and its implications for the outlook of the planet.

    Preface by Mitra Kanaani

    Introduction by Gisela Loehlein

    Foreword by Keith Pezzoli

    Prologue by Saskia Sassen

    Ecological Perspective Domain One: Design Manifestos and Theories in Ecological Domains - Symbiotic Trajectories Between Ecological Organisms and Creative Design Thinking: Critical Design Idealisms on Ecotopian Design Trajectories in Bio-Socio-Techno Integrative Processes

    1.1 Designs for a Rapidly Transforming Human Culture

    Thomas Fisher

    1.2 Design with Nature Reconsidered: Then, Now, and Later

    George Dodds and Christina Leigh Geros

    1.3 Ecological Prototypes for Green Construction: Linking Architecture and Ecological Engineering for Integrated Urban, Agricultural, and Ecological Land Use

    Defne Sunguroglu Hensel

    1.4 From Evo-Devo Strategies to a Way Forward with Eco-social Evo-Devo for Generative Design Processes: Toward Extending the Polymorphism of Metabolic Architecture and the Integration of Diversities

    Sean Ahlquist

    1.5 Digitalism in Morphogenetic Practices for Human Centric Design Thinking – Towards an Eco Animated Performative Gestalt Through Parametricism

    Robert R. Neumayr

    1.6 Systems of Systems: Architectural Atmosphere, Neuromorphic Architecture, and the Well-Being of Humans and Ecospheres

    Michael Arbib, Meredith Banasiak and Luis Othón Villegas Solís

    1.7 Architecture Design in the Age of Artificial Intelligence: The Latent Ontology of Architectural Features

    Matias del Campo and Sandra Manninger

    1.8 Spatial Entities of the Future: Design Through the Lens of Neuroscience

    Kate Jeffery and Fiona Zisch

    Ecological Perspective Domain Two: Anthropocentric Transformative Design Concepts - Anthropocentric Non-Utilitarian Economics of Wellbeing and Resilience: Habitat, Community, Human Settlements, Movement, Transportation, and Diaspora, as Socio-Organisms for Livability

    2.1 Ecological Urbanism for Health, Well-being, and Inclusivity: Engaging— Culture, Consciousness, and Nature

    Frederick Steiner 

    2.2 Dimensions of Urban Infill for Cities in the Global South: The Case of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Denise de Alcantara and Vicente del Rio

    2.3 Design of the Future Neighborhood – Neighborhoods Back to the Future - In Resolving the Housing Crisis and Affordability

    Frank Wolden, Michael Stepner and Mary Lydon

    2.4 Urban Heat Mitigation: Current and Future Trends

    Poorang Piroozfar and Eric Farr

    2.5 Sustainability Within a Market-Based Ecological Order

    Patrik Schumacher

    2.6 Future of Urban Design Through Generative Design Tools: New Data Sources and Analysis Practices in Urban Mobility and Environmental Studies 

    Gustavo Romanillos and Maider LLaguno-Munitxa

    2.7 Green Urban Futures: Regreening Cities to Enhance Health, Resilience, and the Urban Microclimate

    Steffen Lehmann

    2.8. Urban Design in Search for Equilibrium: The Evolving Urban Metabolism of Sustainable Cities - Towards an Ethical and Sustainable Approach to City Building

    Howard M. Blackson III

    Ecological Perspective Domain Three: The Design Connectivity Domain - Design Hybridity and Performativity in Non-Utilitarian/Utilitarianist Approaches and Views Toward Eco-Centric Environmental Behavior Transactions: Materiality, Biodiversity, Biomimetics, Energy Resiliency, and the Role of Technology

    3.1 Design Resiliency, Curbing Climate Change and Temporal Trajectories for the Anthropocene

    Meredith Sattler

    3.2 Biomorphic Intelligence: Deploying Biotechnology in Architecture for Human Health and Wellbeing

    Claudia Pasquero and Marco Poletto 

    3.3 Material Ecology 1 -- Four Ecologies of Engineered Living Materials Research

    Martyn Dade-Robertson and Meng Zhang

    3.4 Material Ecology 2 -- Optimization of Daylighting Performance and Solar Heat Gain Through Adaptive Kinetic Envelopes

    Moon Young Jeong, Maria Matheou, and L. Blandini

    3.5 Environment-Aware Behavioral Envelopes: Design Ecologies, Adaptive Geometries, and Technologies for Climate Interaction

    Kathy Velikov and Geoffery Thün

    3.6 Material Ecology 3 - Smart Materials

    Essay One: Smart Materials for Thermo-Responsive Architectural ApplicationsYomna El-Ghazi, Neveen Hamza, and Martyn Dade-Robertson

    3.6 Material Ecology 3 - Smart Materials

    Essay Two: Towards Passively Responsive Biomimetic ArchitectureArtem Holstov, Ben Bridgens and Graham Farmer

    3.6 Material Ecology 3 - Smart Materials

    Essay Three: Macro Affects from Nano Assemblies in Bacteria-Based Hygromophs

    Emily Birch, Martyn Dade-Robertson, Ben Bridgens, and Meng Zhang

    3.7 Visionary Engineered Biotopes in Bringing Nature to High Levels: Towards Bioclimatic Skyscrapers – Achieving High-Comfort Low-Energy Sustainable Tall Buildings in Different Climate Zones

    Brian Cody

    3.8 Robots in the Room, Robots Are the Room: The Future of Robotics, Architectural Design, and Domestic Routine

    Keith Evan Green

    3.9. Sublimating Tectonics of Architecture: Innovations in Creative Structural Engineering

    Christiane Margareta Herr

    3.10 Enabling Circular Economy in the AEC industry through Digitalization

    Eric FARR and Poorang Piroozfar

    3.11 Ecotopian Visions for the Purification and Healing of Ailing Ecologies Impacted by the Anthropocene

    Melanie P. Hahn and Mitra Kanaani

    3.12 Architectural Computing and Design Optimization for Healthful Ecotopian Built environments?

    Yana Boeva, Thomas Wortmann, Cordula Kropp, and Achim Menges

    3.13 Holocene to Anthropocene, Architectural Practice, Biomimetics in the Built Environment—Innovation in Architectural Firms Practices

    Andrew Whalley

    Ecological Perspective Domain Four: The Climatic Design Domain - Methodologists' Epistemological Views of Ecological Design: Ecosystem Climatic Organisms and Actions; Utilizing Elements of Water, Air/Space, and Soil/Land as Concepts, Opportunities, and Challenges for Design Thinking

    4.1 Innovative Design Solutions for Climatic Challenges of Sea Level Rise -- Flooding & Ocean City Designs: Salty Urbanism: Towards an Adaptive Coastal Design Framework to Address Climate Change and Sea Level Rise

    Jeffrey Huber

    4.2 Amphibious Buoyant Architecture – Designs for Living with Water: Floating Futures

    Łukasz Piątek

    4.3 Design for Wildfire: Architecture as Catalyst for Virtuous not Vicious Wildfire Activity

    Melissa Sterry

    4.4 Architecture that Bridges and Merges the  Human-Made with Nature

    Essay One: Towards a Biometeorological Design - Architectures of the Planetary Invironment

    Klaus K Loenhart

    4.4 Architecture that Bridges and Merges the  Human-Made with Nature

    Essay Two: Groundscapes: The Merger of Architecture and Ecology

    Frederick Besancon

    4.5 Embedded Architectures: Charting its Traits of En Route to Architecture and Environment Integration

    Michael U. Hensel

    4.6 Climate-Friendly Green Infrastructure Planning and Design: The Promises, Vulnerabilities, and Remediation Design Practices for Environmental Contaminants

    Oliver Tiliouine and Keith Pezzoli

    4.7 Design for Air in the Urban Micro-Environments--How's the Air on Your Block? The Outdoor Environmental Inequality in Cities

    Maider LLaguno-Munitxa

    4.8 The Future of Architecture on Earth & in Space: Lessons & Synergies

    Essay One: The Evolution of Space Architecture & Its Potential to Inspire New Paradigms for Inhabiting Earth Elizabeth Song Lockard

    4.8 The Future of Architecture on Earth & in Space: Lessons & Synergies

    Essay Two: A Space Architecture Primer for 21st-Century Civil Architects and Future City Evolution

    Madhu Thangavelu

    Ecological Perspective Domain Five: The Social Design Domain - The Domain of Social Ecology in Using Design Tools: Equity, Diversity, Embodiment, Sustenance, Health, and Human Resiliency in Design Practices as Design Concepts

    5.1 Healthful Spatial Entities: The New Meaning of Healthful Measures for Building Occupants: Designers, Design, and Infection Control

    Dak Kopec and AnnaMarie Bliss

    5.2 Social Performativity in Transformative Building Typologies: Architecture’s Contribution to the Societal Well-Being

    Angela Brooks

    5.3 Socio-Material Capacities for Ecotopian Designs: Placing Architecture at the Nexus of Materiality, Neurodiversity, and Social Behavior--Shifting Design Agency to Activate Neuro-diversity

    Sean Ahlquist

    5.4 Active Assisted Living Technology in the Context of the Built Environment

    Thomas Linner, Marc Schmailzl, Thomas Bock, Rongbo Hu, and Jörg Guttler

    5.5 Architectural Practice Exploring Scientific Eco-Centric Approaches for Healthful Anthropomorphic Environments -- Innovation in Architectural Practice and Research: A Design Research Philosophy of Practice Informing Sustainability, Health, and Well-Being

    Gensler Research - Steven Shinn

    5.6 Therapeutic Spaces for Healthy Aging: Integrating Biophilic Design for Human and Environmental Wellbeing

    Terri Peters and Ashita Parekh

    5.7 Biotic Jurisdictions: Transboundary Ecologies in the U.S.–Mexico Borderland

    Stephen Mueller and Ersela Kripa

    5.8 Ecologically Performative Design Principles for Achieving Just Cities

    Theodore C. Landsmark

    Epilogue: Architects, Artilects and Climate Change

    Jim Dator


    Mitra Kanaani is a Distinguished Professor of ACSA (DPACSA), and recipient of numerous education awards. She is a Fellow of American Institute of Architects (FAIA). Mitra has a D. Arch degree with a focus in Design Performativity, and an M. Arch degree in Architecture with a minor in structural engineering. She also holds a Master of City Planning, and a BS in Economics and BA in Musicology. She is a researcher, author, editor, architect, and activist for Education Is Not a Crime, and an appointed member of the State Architect Board of California.