Questions concerning free will are intertwined with issues in almost every area of philosophy, from metaphysics to philosophy of mind to moral philosophy, and are also informed by work in different areas of science (principally physics, neuroscience and social psychology). Free will is also a perennial concern of serious thinkers in theology and in non-western traditions. Because free will can be approached from so many different perspectives and has implications for so many debates, a comprehensive survey needs to encompass an enormous range of approaches. This book is the first to draw together leading experts on every aspect of free will, from those who are central to the current philosophical debates, to non-western perspectives, to scientific contributions and to those who know the rich history of the subject.
Chapter 37 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9781138795815_oachapter37.pdf
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
Section I: Major Positions in the Free Will Debate introduction
John Martin Fischer
2 Identificationist Views
3 Reasons-Responsive Theories of Freedom
4 Classical Compatibilism
5 Dispositional Compatibilism
6 Event-Causal Libertarianism
Laura W. Ekstrom
7 Agent Causation
8 Non-Causal Libertarianism
Hugh J. McCann
9 Strawsonian Views
11 Skepticism about Free Will
12 Nonstandard Views
Section II: Major Arguments introduction
13 The Consequence Argument
15 The Manipulation Argument
16 Frankfurt-style Examples
17 Logical Fatalism
18 The Luck and Mind Arguments
Christopher Evan Franklin
19 Leeway vs. Sourcehood Conceptions of Free Will
Section III: Historical Figures introduction
Karen Margrethe Nielsen
21 The Stoics on Fate and Freedom
22 Augustine of Hippo
23 Anselm of Canterbury
24 Thomas Aquinas
25 John Duns Scotus
26 Rene Descartes
Kevin Timpe holds the W. H. Jellema Chair in Christian Philosophy at Calvin College. He has published a number of books on free will, including Free Will: Sourcehood and Its Alternatives, Second Edition (2013, Free Will in Philosophical Theology (2013), and Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns (2016).
Meghan Griffith is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Davidson College. She is the author of Free Will: The Basics (Routledge, 2013) and a number of articles centering on human agency.
Neil Levy is professor of philosophy at Macquarie University, Sydney, and a senior researcher at the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford. He is the author of 7 books, including, most recently, Consciousness and Moral Responsibility (2014). He has published very widely on free will, moral responsibility, philosophy of mind, applied ethics and other topics.
"The philosophical literature on free will can seem as endless and difficult to navigate as Borges’ mythical 'Library of Babel.' This book is the map to that infinite-seeming collection of rooms. The editors have done an extraordinary job of assembling an excellent team of authors to cover every significant aspect of the vibrant contemporary literature on free will. This book should be at the fingertips of every student and scholar who works on free will."
Manuel Vargas, University of San Francisco, USA
"An exceptionally comprehensive guide to debates about free will and moral responsibility, with separate chapters covering different major positions, major arguments, historical figures, recent scientific work in the neurosciences, psychology and other fields, as well as implications for theology, criminal law, mind, self-control, addiction, will-power and many other topics. An invaluable resource for students and scholars alike on all these important topics."
Robert Kane, University of Texas, USA