1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Journalism Ethics

    552 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume provides a comprehensive discussion of enduring and emerging challenges to ethical journalism worldwide.

    The collection highlights journalism practice that makes a positive contribution to people’s lives, investigates the link between institutional power and ethical practices in journalism, and explores the relationship between ethical standards and journalistic practice. Chapters in the volume represent three key commitments: (1) ensuring practice informed by theory, (2) providing professional guidance to journalists, and (3) offering an expanded worldview that examines journalism ethics beyond traditional boundaries and borders. With input from over 60 expert contributors, it offers a global perspective on journalism ethics and embraces ideas from well-known and emerging journalism scholars and practitioners from around the world.

    The Routledge Companion to Journalism Ethics serves as a one-stop shop for journalism ethics scholars and students as well as industry practitioners and experts.

    Chapter 45 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

    List of contributors


    Lada Trifonova Price, Karen Sanders, and Wendy N. Wyatt


    The development of journalism ethics and perspectives from

    around the world

    1 Why ethics still matters

    Karen Sanders

    2 From parochial to global: the turbulent history of journalism ethics

    Stephen J. A. Ward

    3 From journalism ethics to communication ethics

    Pieter J. Fourie

    4 Becoming Junzi: a Confucian approach to journalism ethics

    Yayu Feng

    5 Journalism culture and ethical ideology

    Thomas Hanitzsch

    6 Revisiting the requirements of Hutchins: context and coverage in

    the post-George Floyd world

    Scott Libin

    7 Treating "local" journalists ethically: international news

    organizations and global media ethics

    Lindsay Palmer

    8 The case for global media ethics

    Herman Wasserman

    9 Slow journalism as ethical journalism?

    Tony Harcup

    10 An Islamic perspective on media ethics: revisiting Western

    journalism ethics

    Saadia Izzeldin Malik

    11 I am because we are: a relational approach to journalism

    Leyla Tavernaro-Haidarian

    12 Journalism ethics and practice in enclave societies

    Nakhi Mishol-Shauli and Oren Golan

    13 "Tell China’s story well": ethical orientations of Chinese journalists

    in international reporting

    Tianbo Xu and Minyao Tang

    14 Formal freedom but tacit control: journalism in Japan

    Shinji Oi, Shinsuke Sako, and Masaki Naka

    15 Ethical choices in Brazilian journalism: corruption, investigation,

    and community media

    Raquel Paiva and Alexandre Enrique Leitão

    16 Visual ethics: a matter of survival

    Julianne H. Newton


    Enduring issues in journalism ethics

    PART I

    Broad issues

    17 The ethics of privacy and the public interest: from principle to application

    Franz Krüger

    18 Exploring key principles: neutrality, balance, objectivity, and truth

    Richard Thomas

    19 Professional autonomy in an age of corporate interests

    Angela Phillips

    20 The ethics of transparency

    Stephanie Craft and Tim P. Vos

    21 Journalism ethics and political satire

    Chad Painter

    22 "Ventriloquists’ dummies" or truth bringers? The journalist’s role in

    giving whistle-blowers a voice

    Paul Lashmar

    23 Ethical approaches to reporting death and trauma affecting

    ordinary people

    Jackie Newton and Sallyanne Duncan

    24 Islam in the news: a model for transformation

    Jacqui Ewart and Kate O’Donnell

    25 Ethics and reporting on religion: from public interest

    to public good

    Verica Rupar

    26 Representing women: challenges for the UK media and beyond

    Suzanne Franks and Katie Toms


    Case studies on day-to-day practices

    27 The ethics of reporting rape in India: a case study

    Somava Pande

    28 Suicide news items and the pornographization of death: a Turkish

    case study

    Elif Korap Özel and Şadiye Deniz

    29 Journalism ethics and the political economy of zakazukha and

    kompromat in Russia

    Anna Klyueva

    30 Echo chamber journalism: migration reporting in Hungary

    Péter Bajomi-Lázár

    31 Beyond the ethics of objectivity: covering the refugee crisis in Slovenia

    Dejan Jontes

    32 Media capture in Central and Eastern Europe: the corrosive impact

    on democracy and desecration of journalistic ethics

    William Horsley

    33 Mapping ethical dilemmas for sports journalism: an overview of the

    Spanish landscape

    José Luis Rojas-Torrijos and Xavier Ramon-Vegas


    Emerging issues in journalism ethics

    34 Ethical issues in data journalism

    Bastiaan Vanacker

    35 Ethical issues in large-scale journalistic investigations

    Gillian Phillips

    36 Journalists’ use of UGC and automated content: ethical issues

    Ramón Salaverría

    37 Algorithmic news: ethical implications of bias in artificial

    intelligence in journalism

    Kathleen Bartzen Culver and Xerxes Minocher

    38 The moral mandate of virtual reality journalism

    John V. Pavlik

    39 Clickbait and banal news

    David Harte

    40 "BREAKING NEWS": sourcing, online newsgathering,

    and verification

    David A. Craig

    41 The case for using informed consent in journalism

    Bruce Gillespie

    42 Ethical implications of the right to be forgotten

    Ana Azurmendi

    43 The influence of fake news: rebuilding public trust in journalism

    Kati Tusinski Berg

    44 Native advertising and the negotiation of autonomy, transparency,

    and deception

    Raul Ferrer-Conill, Michael Karlsson, and Elizabeth Van Couvering

    45 Journalism ethics and its participatory turn

    Tobias Eberwein

    46 Facebook and the boundaries of professional journalism

    Brett G. Johnson and Kimberly Kelling


    Standard setting

    47 Press self-regulation in an international context

    Susanne Fengler

    48 Journalism codes of conduct and ethics as a form of media governance

    Katharine Sarikakis and Lisa Winter

    49 Responsible freedom: the democratic challenge of regulating

    online media

    Jessica Heesen

    50 Setting limits and controlling the media for ethical journalism

    Chris Frost

    51 Organizational ethics: theories and evidence of the influence of

    organizations on news content and the ethics of individual journalists

    Renita Coleman and Hussain Alkhafaji

    52 Where accountability is insufficient, bad journalism thrives: the case

    of the United Kingdom press

    Brian Cathcart

    53 Media accountability and complaint handling in Spain

    Dolors Palau-Sampio

    54 Reminders of responsibility: journalism ethics codes in Western Europe

    Epp Lauk

    55 Masters in their own house: media self-regulation as a safeguard for

    press freedom

    Svein Brurås

    56 Ethics codes in post-communist countries: the case of Bulgaria and


    Lada Trifonova Price

    57 The humble yet lofty goals of a journalism ethics course

    Wendy N. Wyatt



    Lada Trifonova Price is a senior journalism lecturer in the Department of Media, Arts, and Communication at Sheffield Hallam University in the UK. She is a former journalist, and her current research focuses on media and journalistic practice in transitional democracies. She is a co-director of education at the Centre for Freedom of the Media, one of the leading non-profit organizations in the field of journalism safety. Some recent publications include original research articles on media corruption, chapters on impact of media censorship and self-censorship on journalism in post-communist countries, and analyses of the effects of democratization on the media landscape of Bulgaria and Romania.

    Karen Sanders is a professor of communication and politics at St Mary’s University (London, UK). She has published widely on ethics, identity, and public communication and is the author of key texts such as Ethics and Journalism (2003) and Communicating Politics in the 21st Century (2008). She is a founding member of the journal Ethical Space and of the Association of Political Communication (ACOP). Previously professor in Madrid and Sheffield University, she lived for a time in Peru, resulting in the publication of an account of the intellectual foundations of the modern Peruvian state. Sanders has a special interest in understanding and fostering respectful communication in high‐risk organizations.

    Wendy N. Wyatt is the vice provost for academic affairs and a professor of media ethics at the University of St. Thomas-Minnesota in the US. Her research focuses on issues of media and democracy, and she has particular interests in journalism ethics, citizen responsibilities to the media, and media literacy. Wyatt was part of the five-person editorial team that guided development of the Online News Association’s "Build Your Own Ethics Code" platform.