1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Local Media and Journalism

Edited By Agnes Gulyas, David Baines Copyright 2020
    522 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    522 Pages 20 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This comprehensive edited collection provides key contributions in the field, mapping out fundamental topics and analysing current trends through an international lens.

    Offering a collection of invited contributions from scholars across the world, the volume is structured in seven parts, each exploring an aspect of local media and journalism. It brings together and consolidates the latest research and theorisations from the field, and provides fresh understandings of local media from a comparative perspective and within a global context. This volume reaches across national, cultural, technological and socio-economic boundaries to bring new understandings to the dominant foci of research in the field and highlights interconnection and thematic links. Addressing the significant changes local media and journalism have undergone in the last decade, the collection explores the history, politics, ethics and contents of local media, as well as delving deeper into the business and practices that affect not only the journalists and media-makers involved, but consumers and communities as well.

    For students and researchers in the fields of journalism studies, journalism education, cultural studies, and media and communications programmes, this is the comprehensive guide to local media and journalism.

    Introduction: demarcating the field of local media and journalism

    Agnes Gulyas and David Baines

     Part I - Histories and legacies of local media and journalism

    1. Historicising the afterlife: local newspapers in the United Kingdom and the ‘art of prognosis’
    2. Rachel Matthews

    3. A history of the local newspaper in Japan
    4. Anthony S. Rausch

    5. Local news deserts in Brazil: historical and contemporary perspectives
    6. Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva and Angela Pimenta

    7. History of local media in Norway
    8. Eli Skogerbø

    9. State of play: local media, power and society in the Caribbean
    10. Juliette Marie Storr

    11. ‘Peopleization’ of news: the development of the American local television news format
    12. Madeleine Liseblad


      Part II - Local media policies

    13. The death of broadcast localism in the United States
    14. Christopher Ali

    15. Developing local media policies in sub-state nations: the case of Catalonia
    16. Mariola Tarrega and Josep Angel Guimerà

    17. Local journalism in Australia: policy debates
    18. Kristy Hess and Lisa Waller

    19. The development of community broadcasting legislation in Kenya
    20. Rose N. Kimani

    21. Local media policies in Poland: key issues and debates
    22. Sylwia Męcfal

    23. The impact of communication policies in local television models: the cases of Catalonia and Scotland
    24. Aida Martori Muntsant


      Part III - Local media, publics and politics

    25. Local journalism in the United States: its publics, its problems, and its potentials
    26. C.W. Anderson

    27. Remediating the local through localised news making: India’s booming multilingual press as agent in political and social change
    28. Ursula Rao

    29. De-professionalization and fragmentation: challenges for local journalism in Sweden
    30. Gunnar Nygren

    31. Central and local media in Russia: between central control and local initiatives
    32. Ilya Kiriya

    33. The return of party journalism in China and ‘Janusian’ content: the case of Newspaper X
    34. Jingrong Tong

    35. Strategy over substance and national in focus? Local television coverage of politics and policy in the United States
    36. Erika Franklin Fowler

    37. From journal of record to the 24/7 news cycle: perspectives on the changing nature of court reporting in Australia
    38. Margaret Simons and Jason Bosland


      Part IV - Ownership and sustainability of local media

    39. Business and ownership of local media: an international perspective
      Bill Reader and John Hatcher
    40. Local media owners as saviours in the Czech Republic: they save money, not journalism
      Lenka Waschková Císařová
    41. What can we learn from independent family-owned local media groups? Case studies from the United Kingdom
    42. Sarah O’Hara

    43. Local media in France: subsidized, heavily regulated and under pressure
    44. Matthieu Lardeau

    45. ‘I’ve started a hyperlocal, so now what?’
    46. Marco van Kerkhoven

    47. The hyperlocal ‘renaissance’ in Australia and New Zealand
    48. Scott Downman and Richard Murray


      Part V - Local journalists and journalistic practices

    49. At the crossroads of hobby, community work and media business: Nordic and Russian hyperlocal practitioners
    50. Jaana Hujanen, Olga Dovbysh, Carina Tenor, Mikko Grönlund, Katja Lehtisaari and Carl-Gustav Lindén

    51. Not all doom and gloom: the story of American small-market newspapers
    52. Christopher Ali, Damian Radcliffe and Rosalind Donald

    53. Local journalism in Bulgaria: trends from the Worlds of Journalism study
    54. Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova

    55. Specialised training of local journalists in armed conflict: the Colombian experience
    56. Yennué Zárate Valderrama

    57. From community to commerce? Analytics, audience ‘engagement’ and how local newspapers are renegotiating news values in the age of pageview-driven journalism in the United Kingdom
    58. James Morrison

    59. Two-tier tweeting: how promotional and personalised use of Twitter is shaping journalistic practices in the United Kingdom
    60. Lily Canter

    61. Centralised and digitally disrupted: an ethnographic view of local journalism in New Zealand
    62. Helen Sissons

    63. Situating journalistic coverage: a practice theory approach to researching local community radio production in the United Kingdom
    64. Josephine F. Coleman


      Part VI - Communities and audiences of local news

    65. What does the audience experience as valuable local journalism? Approaching local news quality from a user’s perspective
    66. Irene Costera Meijer

    67. Local journalism and at-risk communities in the United States
    68. Philip M. Napoli and Matthew Weber

    69. The emerging deficit: changing local journalism and its impact on communities in Australia
    70. Margaret Simons, Andrea Carson, Denis Muller and Jennifer Martin

    71. Strength in numbers: building collaborative partnerships for data-driven community news
      Jan Lauren Boyles
    72. Bottom-up hyperlocal media in Belgium: Facebook-groups as collaborative neighborhood awareness systems
    73. Jonas De Meulenaere, Cédric Courtois and Koen Ponnet

    74. Local news repertoires in a transforming Swedish media landscape
    75. Annika Bergström

    76. The what, where, and why of local news in the United States
    77. Angela M. Lee


      Part VII - Local media and the public good

    78. Local media and disaster reporting in Japan
    79. Florian Meissner and Jun Tsukada

    80. Public service journalism and engagement in US hyperlocal nonprofits
    81. Patrick Ferrucci

    82. Local public service media in Northern Ireland: the merit goods argument
    83. Phil Ramsey and Philip McDermott

    84. Participation in local radio agricultural broadcasts and message adoption among rural farmers in northern Ghana
    85. Adam Tanko Zakariah

    86. Pacific Islanders’ talanoa values and public support point the way forward
    87. Shailendra Singh

    88. Alternative journalism, alternative ethics?

    Tony Harcup


    Agnes Gulyas is Professor in Media and Communications at the School of Creative Arts and Industries, Canterbury Christ Church University, UK. Her recent projects have focused on local media gaps and local news consumption in the UK, as well as journalists' use of social media. She is a founding member of the Local and Community Media Network of the Media, Communication and Cultural Association, UK.

    David Baines is Senior Lecturer in Journalism at the School of Arts and Cultures, Newcastle University, UK. He worked in local and regional newspapers for 30 years before moving to the academy, where his research focus is on transformations in local and community media, journalism practices and journalism education. He is a founding member of the Local and Community Media Network of the Media, Communication and Cultural Association, UK.

    "An immensely important and timely collection of insights and research from veteran and emerging scholars of local media and journalism. This compendium of work by international scholars lays an excellent foundation. Given all that is at stake, one hopes this is the first of many volumes." - Penelope Muse Abernathy, Knight Chair in Journalism and Digital Media Economics at the University of North Carolina, US.

    "A vital resource for anyone interested in why local media and journalism matters and how to ensure it sustains."- Natalie Fenton, Professor of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths, University of London and Co-Director of the Centre for the Study of Global Media and Democracy and founding member of the Media Reform Coalition

    "The volume achieves an admirable depth of focus by anchoring local journalism practices in relation to a range of contextual forces. This rich and textured contribution to the field of journalism studies directs our attention to an important yet often under-researched dimension of the disrupted, evolving journalism landscape and deserves to find a wide readership." - Herman Wasserman, Professor and Director of the Centre for Film and Media Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

    "Offering studies from around the globe informed by leading edge research, this significant, scholarly, landmark collection reasserts the significance of local media and local journalism for public engagement and deliberation" - Professor Bob Franklin, founding editor of Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice and Journalism Studies and author of numerous publications on local media.