The Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds, 1400‒1800 explores early modern maritime history, culture, and the current state of the research and approaches taken by experts in the field.
Ranging from cartography to poetry and decorative design to naval warfare, the book shows how once-traditional and often Euro-chauvinistic depictions of oceanic ‘mastery’ during the early modern period have been replaced by newer global ideas. This comprehensive volume challenges underlying assumptions by balancing its assessment of the consequences and accomplishments of European navigators in the era of Columbus, da Gama, and Magellan, with an awareness of the sophistication and maritime expertise in Asia, the Arab world, and the Americas. By imparting riveting new stories and global perceptions of maritime history and culture, the contributors provide readers with fresh insights concerning early modern entanglements between humans and the vast, unpredictable ocean.
With maritime studies growing and the ocean’s health in decline, this volume is essential reading for academics and students interested in the historicization of the ocean and the ways early modern cultures both conceptualized and utilized seas.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Oceans in Global History and Culture 1400‒1800: Expanding Horizons Section 1: Historiography and the Premodern Sea 2. Why the Medieval Sea Mattered 3. Rediscovering the Age of Discovery 4. The Cartography of the Sea: Mapping England’s ‘Mastery of the Oceans’ 5. Domestic Maritime Trade in Late Tudor England c.1565‒85: A Case Study of King’s Lynn and Plymouth 6. Global Networks in Maritime Worlds 1400‒1800 7. Regionalism, Localism, and Individualism in the Ottoman Mediterranean: Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Seafarers’ Tales 8. Port Towns and the ‘Paramaritime’ 9. Fishermen and their Families in Late Medieval and Tudor Kent 10. Ships and Shipping Technology 11. Navies and Naval Operations 12. Nautical Manuals and Ships’ Instruments, 1550‒1800: Lessons in Two and Three Dimensions 13. Spectacles of the Sea: Warship Decoration and Ideology in Early Modern Europe Section 3: Social and Political Seas 14. Tudor Shipmasters and Maritime Communities, 1550‒1600 15. Women and the Sea, 1600‒1800 16. Early Modern English Piracy and Privateering 17. Law and the Sea 18. ‘Men Whose Vocation Calls us to Dangers Substantial’: Healthcare in the Early English East India Company, 1601‒11 19. English Trading Companies and the Sea 1550‒1650: ‘Beyond the Seas Merchant Like’ 20. Transatlantic Tubers: New World Potatoes in Early Modern English Literature Section 4: Cultural Seas 21. Mutable, Associative, and Ugly: Oceanic Feelings in Middle English Literature and Medieval Natural Science 22. Enter Jack Tar: The Blue Water Mariner in Early Modern World Literature 23. Early Modern Maritime Heroes: Idols of the Sea 24. Sea Music and Shipboard Performance Culture 25. ‘We Split!’: Shipwreck in Early Modern European History and Culture
Claire Jowitt is Professor of Renaissance Studies at the University of East Anglia. Author of Voyage Drama and Gender Politics, 1589‒1642 and The Culture of Piracy: English Literature and Seaborne Crime 1580‒1630, she is currently preparing, as General Editor, an edition of Richard Hakluyt’s The Principal Navigations (1598‒1600).
Craig Lambert is Associate Professor in Maritime History at the University of Southampton. Author of Shipping the Medieval Military and numerous articles/book chapters on naval operations and maritime communities (c.1300‒c.1600), he has recently launched a free to access searchable database of over 50,000 ship-voyages (c.1400‒c.1577): www.medievalandtudorships.org
Steve Mentz is Professor of English at St. John’s University in New York City. A scholar of early modern literature and the environmental humanities, he is author of Shipwreck Modernity: Ecologies of Globalization 1550‒1719 (2015), Break Up the Anthropocene (2019), and Ocean (2020).