The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism

ISBN 9780367435769
Published March 24, 2021 by Routledge
608 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This companion brings together a diverse set of concepts used to analyse dimensions of media disinformation and populism globally.

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism explores how recent transformations in the architecture of public communication and particular attributes of the digital media ecology are conducive to the kind of polarised, anti-rational, post-fact, post-truth communication championed by populism. It is both interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, consisting of contributions from both leading and emerging scholars analysing aspects of misinformation, disinformation, and populism across countries, political systems, and media systems. A global, comparative approach to the study of misinformation and populism is important in identifying common elements and characteristics, and these individual chapters cover a wide range of topics and themes, including fake news, mediatisation, propaganda, alternative media, immigration, science, and law-making, to name a few.

This companion is a key resource for academics, researchers, and policymakers as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of political communication, journalism, law, sociology, cultural studies, international politics and international relations.

Table of Contents

Introduction - Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord

1 Media, disinformation, and populism: problems and responses - Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord


Key concepts

2 What do we mean by populism? - Carlos de la Torre

3 Misinformation and disinformation - Rachel Armitage and Cristian Vaccari

4 Rethinking mediatisation: populism and the mediatisation of politics - Daniel C. Hallin

5 Media systems and misinformation - Jonathan Hardy

6 Rewired propaganda: propaganda, misinformation, and populism in the digital age - Sarah Oates

7 Hate propaganda - Cherian George

8 Filter bubbles and digital echo chambers - Judith Möller

9 Disputes over or against reality? Fine-graining the textures of post-truth politics - Susana Salgado

10 Fake news - Edson C. Tandoc Jr.


Media misinformation and disinformation

11 The evolution of computational propaganda: theories, debates, and innovation of the Russian model - Dariya Tsyrenzhapova and Samuel C. Woolley

12 Polarisation and misinformation - Johanna Dunaway

13 Data journalism and misinformation - Oscar Westlund and Alfred Hermida

14 Media and the ‘alt-right’ - George Hawley

15 ‘Listen to your gut’: how Fox News’s populist style changed the American public sphere and journalistic

truth in the process - Reece Peck

16 Alternative online political media: challenging or exacerbating populism and mis/disinformation? - Declan McDowell-Naylor, Richard Thomas, and Stephen Cushion

17 Online harassment of journalists as a consequence of populism, mis/disinformation, and impunity - Jeannine E. Relly

18 Lessons from an extraordinary year: four heuristics for studying mediated misinformation in 2020 and beyond - Lucas Graves

19 Right-wing populism, visual disinformation, and Brexit: from the UKIP ‘Breaking Point’ poster to the aftermath of the London Westminster bridge attack - Simon Faulkner, Hannah Guy, and Farida Vis


The politics of misinformation and disinformation 209

20 Misogyny and the politics of misinformation - Sarah Banet-Weiser

21 Anti-immigration disinformation - Eileen Culloty and Jane Suiter

22 Science and the politics of misinformation - Jeremy Levy, Robin Bayes, Toby Bolsen, and James N. Druckman

23 Government disinformation in war and conflict - Rhys Crilley and Precious N. Chatterje-Doody

24 Military disinformation: a bodyguard of lies - Kevin Foster

25 Extreme right and mis/disinformation - Thomas Frissen, Leen d’Haenens, and Michaël Opgenhaffen

26 Information disorder practices in/by contemporary Russia - Svetlana S. Bodrunova

27 Protest, activism, and false information - Jennifer Earl, Rina James, Elliot Ramo, and Sam Scovill

28 Conspiracy theories: misinformed publics or wittingly believing false information? - Jaron Harambam

29 Corrupted infrastructures of meaning: post-truth identities online - Catherine R. Baker and Andrew Chadwick

30 Consumption of misinformation and disinformation - Sophie Lecheler and Jana Laura Egelhofer


Media and populism

31 Populism in Africa: personalistic leaders and the illusion of representation - Bruce Mutsvairo and Susana Salgado

32 Populism and misinformation from the American Revolution to the twenty-first-century United States - Chris Wells and Alex Rochefort

33 Populism, media, and misinformation in Latin America - Ignacio Siles, Larissa Tristán, and Carolina Carazo

34 Perceived mis- and disinformation in a post-factual information setting: a conceptualisation and evidence from ten European countries - Michael Hameleers and Claes de Vreese

35 The role of social media in the rise of right-wing populism in Finland - Karina Horsti and Tuija Saresma

36 Social media manipulation in Turkey: actors, tactics, targets - Bilge Yesil

37 Populist rhetoric and media misinformation in the 2016 UK Brexit referendum - Glenda Cooper

38 Media policy failures and the emergence of right-wing populism - Des Freedman

39 Disentangling polarisation and civic empowerment in the digital age: the role of filter bubbles and echo

chambers in the rise of populism - William H. Dutton and Craig T. Robertson


Responses to misinformation, disinformation, and populism

40 Legal and regulatory responses to misinformation and populism - Alison Harcourt

41 Global responses to misinformation and populism - Daniel Funke

42 Singapore’s fake news law: countering populists’ falsehoods and truth-making - Shawn Goh and Carol Soon

43 Debunking misinformation - Eun-Ju Lee and Soo Yun Shin

44 News literacy and misinformation - Melissa Tully

45 Media and information literacies as a response to misinformation and populism - Nicole A. Cooke

46 People-powered correction: fixing misinformation on social media - Leticia Bode and Emily K. Vraga

47 Countering hate speech - Babak Bahador

48 Constructing digital counter-narratives as a response to disinformation and populism - Eva Giraud and Elizabeth Poole

49 Journalistic responses to misinformation - Maria Kyriakidou and Stephen Cushion

50 Responses to mis/disinformation: practitioner experiences and approaches in low income settings - James Deane

51 The effect of corrections and corrected misinformation - Emily Thorson and Jianing Li

52 Building connective democracy: interdisciplinary solutions to the problem of polarisation - Christian Staal Bruun Overgaard, Anthony Dudo, Matthew Lease, Gina M. Masullo, Natalie Jomini Stroud, Scott R. Stroud, and Samuel C. Woolley

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Howard Tumber is Professor in the Department of Journalism at City, University of London, UK. He is a founder and editor of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism. He has published widely on the sociology of media and journalism.

Silvio Waisbord is Director of and Professor in the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University, USA. He was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Communication, and he has published widely about news, politics, and social change.