1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism

Edited By Howard Tumber, Silvio Waisbord Copyright 2021
    608 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This companion brings together a diverse set of concepts used to analyse dimensions of media disinformation and populism globally.

    The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism explores how recent transformations in the architecture of public communication and particular attributes of the digital media ecology are conducive to the kind of polarised, anti-rational, post-fact, post-truth communication championed by populism. It is both interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, consisting of contributions from both leading and emerging scholars analysing aspects of misinformation, disinformation, and populism across countries, political systems, and media systems. A global, comparative approach to the study of misinformation and populism is important in identifying common elements and characteristics, and these individual chapters cover a wide range of topics and themes, including fake news, mediatisation, propaganda, alternative media, immigration, science, and law-making, to name a few.

    This companion is a key resource for academics, researchers, and policymakers as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of political communication, journalism, law, sociology, cultural studies, international politics and international relations.

    Introduction - Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord

    1 Media, disinformation, and populism: problems and responses - Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord

    PART I

    Key concepts

    2 What do we mean by populism? - Carlos de la Torre

    3 Misinformation and disinformation - Rachel Armitage and Cristian Vaccari

    4 Rethinking mediatisation: populism and the mediatisation of politics - Daniel C. Hallin

    5 Media systems and misinformation - Jonathan Hardy

    6 Rewired propaganda: propaganda, misinformation, and populism in the digital age - Sarah Oates

    7 Hate propaganda - Cherian George

    8 Filter bubbles and digital echo chambers - Judith Möller

    9 Disputes over or against reality? Fine-graining the textures of post-truth politics - Susana Salgado

    10 Fake news - Edson C. Tandoc Jr.


    Media misinformation and disinformation

    11 The evolution of computational propaganda: theories, debates, and innovation of the Russian model - Dariya Tsyrenzhapova and Samuel C. Woolley

    12 Polarisation and misinformation - Johanna Dunaway

    13 Data journalism and misinformation - Oscar Westlund and Alfred Hermida

    14 Media and the ‘alt-right’ - George Hawley

    15 ‘Listen to your gut’: how Fox News’s populist style changed the American public sphere and journalistic

    truth in the process - Reece Peck

    16 Alternative online political media: challenging or exacerbating populism and mis/disinformation? - Declan McDowell-Naylor, Richard Thomas, and Stephen Cushion

    17 Online harassment of journalists as a consequence of populism, mis/disinformation, and impunity - Jeannine E. Relly

    18 Lessons from an extraordinary year: four heuristics for studying mediated misinformation in 2020 and beyond - Lucas Graves

    19 Right-wing populism, visual disinformation, and Brexit: from the UKIP ‘Breaking Point’ poster to the aftermath of the London Westminster bridge attack - Simon Faulkner, Hannah Guy, and Farida Vis


    The politics of misinformation and disinformation 209

    20 Misogyny and the politics of misinformation - Sarah Banet-Weiser

    21 Anti-immigration disinformation - Eileen Culloty and Jane Suiter

    22 Science and the politics of misinformation - Jeremy Levy, Robin Bayes, Toby Bolsen, and James N. Druckman

    23 Government disinformation in war and conflict - Rhys Crilley and Precious N. Chatterje-Doody

    24 Military disinformation: a bodyguard of lies - Kevin Foster

    25 Extreme right and mis/disinformation - Thomas Frissen, Leen d’Haenens, and Michaël Opgenhaffen

    26 Information disorder practices in/by contemporary Russia - Svetlana S. Bodrunova

    27 Protest, activism, and false information - Jennifer Earl, Rina James, Elliot Ramo, and Sam Scovill

    28 Conspiracy theories: misinformed publics or wittingly believing false information? - Jaron Harambam

    29 Corrupted infrastructures of meaning: post-truth identities online - Catherine R. Baker and Andrew Chadwick

    30 Consumption of misinformation and disinformation - Sophie Lecheler and Jana Laura Egelhofer


    Media and populism

    31 Populism in Africa: personalistic leaders and the illusion of representation - Bruce Mutsvairo and Susana Salgado

    32 Populism and misinformation from the American Revolution to the twenty-first-century United States - Chris Wells and Alex Rochefort

    33 Populism, media, and misinformation in Latin America - Ignacio Siles, Larissa Tristán, and Carolina Carazo

    34 Perceived mis- and disinformation in a post-factual information setting: a conceptualisation and evidence from ten European countries - Michael Hameleers and Claes de Vreese

    35 The role of social media in the rise of right-wing populism in Finland - Karina Horsti and Tuija Saresma

    36 Social media manipulation in Turkey: actors, tactics, targets - Bilge Yesil

    37 Populist rhetoric and media misinformation in the 2016 UK Brexit referendum - Glenda Cooper

    38 Media policy failures and the emergence of right-wing populism - Des Freedman

    39 Disentangling polarisation and civic empowerment in the digital age: the role of filter bubbles and echo

    chambers in the rise of populism - William H. Dutton and Craig T. Robertson

    PART V

    Responses to misinformation, disinformation, and populism

    40 Legal and regulatory responses to misinformation and populism - Alison Harcourt

    41 Global responses to misinformation and populism - Daniel Funke

    42 Singapore’s fake news law: countering populists’ falsehoods and truth-making - Shawn Goh and Carol Soon

    43 Debunking misinformation - Eun-Ju Lee and Soo Yun Shin

    44 News literacy and misinformation - Melissa Tully

    45 Media and information literacies as a response to misinformation and populism - Nicole A. Cooke

    46 People-powered correction: fixing misinformation on social media - Leticia Bode and Emily K. Vraga

    47 Countering hate speech - Babak Bahador

    48 Constructing digital counter-narratives as a response to disinformation and populism - Eva Giraud and Elizabeth Poole

    49 Journalistic responses to misinformation - Maria Kyriakidou and Stephen Cushion

    50 Responses to mis/disinformation: practitioner experiences and approaches in low income settings - James Deane

    51 The effect of corrections and corrected misinformation - Emily Thorson and Jianing Li

    52 Building connective democracy: interdisciplinary solutions to the problem of polarisation - Christian Staal Bruun Overgaard, Anthony Dudo, Matthew Lease, Gina M. Masullo, Natalie Jomini Stroud, Scott R. Stroud, and Samuel C. Woolley


    Howard Tumber is Professor in the Department of Journalism at City, University of London, UK. He is a founder and editor of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism. He has published widely on the sociology of media and journalism.

    Silvio Waisbord is Director of and Professor in the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University, USA. He was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Communication, and he has published widely about news, politics, and social change.

    Part of the Routledge Media and Cultural Studies Companions series, this title provides an assessment of various topics concerning misinformation, disinformation, and populism in the public realm. The editors pulled together more than 50 essays and analyses that try to understand whether populism is connected to disinformation and misinformation. The work is organized into five parts: "Key Concepts"; "Media Misinformation and Disinformation"; "The Politics of Misinformation and Disinformation"; "Media and Populism"; and "Responses to Misinformation, Disinformation, and Populism." In the introduction, the editors summarize the main points of each part and provide some current definitions for these topics. Discussions about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are included in many authors’ contributions, making this book even more relevant. This collection will benefit undergraduate and postgraduate students pursuing degrees in various subject areas, including journalism, law, sociology, and international relations.

    --D. Rodgers, Baylor University