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1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism

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ISBN 9780367435769
March 23, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
600 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This companion brings together a diverse set of concepts used to analyse dimensions of media disinformation and populism globally.

The Routledge Companion to Media Disinformation and Populism explores how recent transformations in the architecture of public communication and particular attributes of the digital media ecology are conducive to the kind of polarized, anti-rational, post-fact, post-truth communication championed by populism. It is both interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, consisting of contributions from both leading and emerging scholars analysing aspects of misinformation, disinformation and populism across countries, political systems and media systems. A global, comparative approach to the study of misinformation and populism is important in identifying common elements and characteristics, and these individual essays cover a wide range of topics and themes, including: fake news, mediatisation, propaganda, alternative media, immigration, science, and law-making, to name a few.

This companion is a key resource for academics, researchers and policy-makers as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of Political Communication, Journalism, Law, Sociology, Cultural studies, International Politics and International Relations.

Table of Contents


Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord


1 Media Dis/Misinformation and Populism

Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord

Part 1


2 What do we mean by populism?

Carlos de la Torre

3 Misinformation and Disinformation

Rachel Armitage and Cristian Vaccari

4 Rethinking Mediatisation: Populism and the Mediatisation of Politics

Daniel C. Hallin

5 Media Systems and Misinformation

Jonathan Hardy

6 Rewired Propaganda: Propaganda, Misinformation, and Populism in the Digital Age

Sarah Oates

7 Hate propaganda

Cherian George

8 Filter bubbles and digital echo chambers

Judith Moller

9 Disputes over or against reality? Fine-graining the textures of post-truth politics

Susana Salgado

10 Fake News

Edson C. Tandoc Jr.



11 The Evolution of Computational Propaganda: Theories, Debates, and Innovation of the Russian Model

Dariya Tsyrenzhapova and Samuel C. Woolley

12 Polarisation and Misinformation

Johanna Dunaway

13 Data Journalism and Misinformation

Oscar Westlund and Alfred Hermida

14 Media and the "Alt-Right"

George Hawley

15 Listen to your gut’: How Fox News’ Populist Style Changed the American Public Sphere and

Journalistic Truth in the Process

Reece Peck

16 Alternative media: challenging or exacerbating populism and mis/disinformation?

Declan McDowell-Naylor, Richard Thomas & Stephen Cushion


17 Online harassment of journalists as a consequence of populism, mis/disinformation, and impunity

Jeannine Relly

18 Lessons from an extraordinary year: Four heuristics for studying mediated misinformation in 2020 and


Lucas Graves

19 Right-wing Populism, Visual Disinformation, and Brexit: From the UKIP ‘Breaking Point’ poster to the aftermath

of the London Westminster Bridge Attack

Simon Faulkner, Hannah Guy and Farida Vis


Part 3


20 Misogyny and the politics of misinformation

Sarah Banet-Weiser

21 Anti-immigration disinformation

Eileen Culloty and Jane Suiter

22 Science and the politics of misinformation

Jeremy Levy, Robin Bayes, Toby Bolsen, and Jamie Druckman,

23 Government Disinformation in war and conflict

Rhys Crilley and Precious Chatterje-Doody

24 Military Disinformation: A bodyguard of lies

Kevin Foster

25 Extreme right and mis/disinformation

Thomas Frissen, Leen d’Haenens, and Michaël Opgenhaffen

26 Information disorder practices in/by contemporary Russia

Svetlana Bodrunova

27 Protest, Activism, and False Information

Jennifer Earl, Rina James, Elliot Ramo and Sam Scovill

28 Conspiracy theories: Misinformed publics or wittingly believing "false" information?

Jaron Harambam

29 Corrupted Infrastructures of Meaning: Post-truth Identities Online

Catherine Baker and Andrew Chadwick

30 Consumption of Misinformation and Disinformation

Sophie Lecheler and Jana Egelhofer



31 Populism in Africa: Personalistic Leaders and the Illusion of Representation

Bruce Mutsvairo and Susana Salgado

32 Populism and misinformation from the American Revolution to the 21st-century United States

Chris Wells and Alex Rochefort

33 Populism, Media, and Misinformation in Latin America

Ignacio Siles, Larissa Tristán, and Carolina Carazo


34 Perceived Mis- and Disinformation in a Post-Factual Information Setting: A Conceptualization and

Evidence from ten European Countries
Michael Hameleers and Claes deVreese

35 The Role of Social Media in the Rise of Right-Wing Populism in Finland

Karina Horsti and Tuija Saresma

36 Social Media Manipulation in Turkey: Actors, Tactics, Targets

Bilge Yesil

37 Populist rhetoric and media misinformation in the 2016 UK Brexit referendum

Glenda Cooper

38 Narendra Modi’s Populism and Disinformation in India

Shakuntala Rao

39 Media policy failures and the emergence of right-wing populism

Des Freedman

40 Disentangling Polarization and Civic Empowerment in the Digital Age: The Role of Filter Bubbles

and Echo Chambers in the Rise of Populism

William H. Dutton and Craig T. Robertson


Part 5


41 Legal and regulatory responses to misinformation and populism

Alison Harcourt

42 Global responses to misinformation and populism

Daniel Funke

43 Singapore’s fake news law: Countering populists’ falsehoods and truth-making

Shawn Goh Ze Song and Carol Soon

44 Debunking Misinformation

Eun-Ju Lee and Soo Yun Shin

45 News Literacy and Misinformation

Melissa Tully

46 Media and Information Literacies as a Response to Misinformation and Populism
Nicole A. Cooke

47 People-Powered Correction: Fixing Misinformation on Social Media

Leticia Bode and Emily K. Vraga

48 Countering Hate speech

Babak Bahador

49 Constructing digital counter-narratives as a response to disinformation and populism

Eva Giraud and Elizabeth Poole

50 Journalistic responses to misinformation

Maria Kyriakidou and Stephen Cushion

51 Responses to Mis/Disinformation: Practitioner Experiences and Approaches in Resource Poor Settings

James Deane

52 The Effect of Corrections and Corrected Misinformation

Emily Thorson and Jianing Li

53 Building Connective Democracy: Interdisciplinary Solutions to the Problem of Polarisation

Christian Staal Bruun Overgaard, Anthony Dudo, Matthew Lease, Gina M.Masullo,

Natalie Jomini Stroud, Scott R. Stroud, and Samuel C. Woolley

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Howard Tumber is Professor in the Department of Journalism at City, University of London, UK. He is a founder and editor of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism. He has published widely in the sociology of media and journalism.

Silvio Waisbord is Professor in the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University, USA. He was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Communication, and he has published widely about news, politics, and social change.