The Routledge Companion to Modernity, Space and Gender reframes the discussion of modernity, space and gender by examining how "modernity" has been defined in various cultural contexts of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, how this definition has been expressed spatially and architecturally, and what effect this has had on women in their everyday lives. In doing so, this volume presents theories and methods for understanding space and gender as they relate to the development of cities, urban space and individual building types (such as housing, work spaces or commercial spaces) in both the creation of and resistance to social transformations and modern global capitalism. The book contains a diverse range of case studies from the US, Europe, the UK, and Asian countries such as China and India, which bring together a multiplicity of approaches to a continuing and common issue and reinforces the need for alternatives to the existing theoretical canon.
Table of Contents
Introduction Alexandra Staub Part 1: Social Welfare as a Modern State 1. In the Name of Progress: Gender and Social Housing in Post-World War II Vienna Maria Mesner 2. Planning for Patriarchy? Gender Equality in the Swedish Modern Built Environment Irene Molina 3. Modern Home, Environment, and Gender. Built, Planned, and Lived Spaces in Post-War Finland Kirsi Saarikangas and Liisa Horelli Part 2: Liberal and Neo-liberal Values 4. The "Industrial Revolution" in the Home: Household Technology and Social Change in the Twentieth Century Ruth Schwartz Cowan 5. Women in the Office: Clerical Work, Modernity and Workplaces Kim England 6. Selling Desire: Gender Constructs, Social Stratification, and the Commercialization of Modern Living Alexandra Staub 7. Engendering Urban Design: An Unfinished Story Marion Roberts 8. Zaha Hadid's Penthouse: Gender, creativity and "biopolitics" in the neoliberal workplace Igea Santina Troiani Part 3: Socialism and Beyond 9. Communist Comfort: Socialist Modernism and the Making of Cozy Homes in the Khrushchev Era Susan E. Reid 10. Women as "Socialist" Dwellers: Everyday Lives in the German Democratic Republic Christine Hannemann 11. Reclaiming Space for Women: Negotiating Modernity in Feminist Restorations in Post-Socialist Eastern Germany Katja M. Guenther 12. Kin-Related Elder Care in Russian Families: Challenges for Homemaking Olga Tkach 13. Space, Body, and Subjectivity in Ágnes Kocsis’s Film, Fresh Air (2006) Nóra Séllei Part 4: Modernism vs. Traditional Values 14. Unveiled Middle-Class Housing in Tehran, 1945-1979 Rana Habibi 15. Appropriating the Masculine Sacred: Islamism, Gender and Mosque Architecture in Contemporary Turkey Bülent Batuman 16. The Emergent Gender of Rural Modernities in Turkey Eda Acara Part 5: A Rapidly Globalizing World 17. Migration, Gender and Space in China C. Cindy Fan 18. Migrant Women Walking Down the Cheap Road: Modernization and Being Fashionable in Shanghai Penn Tsz Ting Ip 19. Space and Gender in the Chinese Workplace: Past and Present Duanfang Lu 20. The Bungalow in the Colonial and Post-Colonial Twentieth Century: Modernity, Dwelling and Gender in the Cultural Landscape of Gujarat, India Madhavi Desai 21. Gendered Household Expectations: Neoliberal Policies, Graveyard Shifts, and Women’s Responsibilities in Mumbai, India Aparna Parikh 22. Reinterpreting Gender in Globalizing India: Afghan Sikh Refugees in Delhi City’s Built Environment Shelly Pandey
Alexandra Staub is an Associate Professor of Architecture and an Affiliate Faculty of the Rock Ethics Institute at Pennsylvania State University. She has written extensively on how architecture is shaped by cultural demands, most recently in her book Conflicted Identities: Housing and the Politics of Cultural Representation, which examines how architecture and space can express divergent identities in any given cultural context. She received a B.A. from Barnard College in New York, her Dip.-Ing. (Arch.) from the University of the Arts in Berlin, Germany, and her Ph.D. from the Brandenburg Technical University in Cottbus, Germany.