The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice

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ISBN 9781138103320
Published September 11, 2019 by Routledge
1232 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

All the world’s criminal justice systems need to undertake direct work with people who have come into their care or are under their supervision as a result of criminal offences. Typically, this is organized in penal and correctional services – in custody in prisons, or in the community, supervised by services such as probation. Bringing together international experts, this book is the go-to source for students, researchers, and practitioners in criminal justice, looking for a comprehensive and authoritative summary of available knowledge in the field.

Covering a variety of contexts, settings, needs, and approaches, and drawing on theory and practice, this Companion brings together over 90 entries, offering readers concise and definitive overviews of a range of key contemporary issues on working with offenders. The book is split into thematic sections and includes coverage of:

  • Theories and models for working with offenders
  • Policy contexts of offender supervision and rehabilitation
  • Direct work with offenders
  • Control, surveillance, and practice
  • Resettlement
  • Application to specific groups, including female offenders, young offenders, families, and ethnic minorities
  • Application to specific needs and contexts, such as substance misuse, mental health, violence, and risk assessment
  • Practitioner and offender perspectives
  • The development of an evidence base

This book is an essential and flexible resource for researchers and practitioners alike and is an authoritative guide for students taking courses on working with offenders, criminal justice policy, probation, prisons, penology, and community corrections.

Table of Contents

1 An Introduction to The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice

Pamela Ugwudike and Peter Raynor


2 Conceptualizing Rehabilitation: Four forms, two models, one process and a plethora of challenges

Fergus McNeill and Hannah Graham

3 Promoting inclusion and citizenship? Selective reflections on the recent history of the policy and practice of rehabilitation in England and Wales

Maurice Vanstone

4 Should there be a right to rehabilitation?

Rob Canton

5 Human Rights and Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice

Christine Morgenstern

6 Retribution and Rehabilitation: Taking Punishment Seriously in a Humane Society

David Hayes

7 Restorative Justice: A different approach to working with offenders and with those whom they have harmed

Tim Chapman

8 The Evidence-based Approach to Correctional Rehabilitation: Current status of the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model of Offender Rehabilitation

Ronen Ziv

9 An overview of the Good Lives Model: Theory and evidence

Mayumi Purvis and Tony Ward

10 Diversifying desistance research

Fergus McNeill and Hannah Graham

11 Doing justice to desistance narratives

Karen Johnson and Shadd Maruna

12 Therapeutic jurisprudence and rehabilitation

Martine Herzog-Evans


13 The ‘Transforming Rehabilitation’ agenda in England and Wales: implications of privatisation

Matthew Millings, Lol Burke and Gwen Robinson

14 The Rehabilitative Prison: an oxymoron, or an opportunity to radically reform the way we do punishment?

Yvonne Jewkes and Kate Gooch

15 Rehabilitation and re-entry in Scandinavia

Thomas Ugelivik and John Todd

16 Using technology and digitally enabled approaches to support desistance

Jason Morris and Hannah Graham

17 Prisons, personal development and austerity

Alison Liebling


Chapter 18 Risk and need assessment: Development, critics and a realist approach

Peter Raynor

19 A critical review of risk assessment policy and practice since the 1990s

Hazel Kemshall

20 The promises and perils of gender-responsivity: Risk, incarceration, and rehabilitation

Kelly Struthers Montford and Kelly Hannah-Moffat

21 Assessing risks and needs in youth justice: key challenges

Stephen Case and Kevin Haines

22 Pre-sentence reports: constructing the subject of punishment and rehabilitation

Niamh Maguire


23 Examining community supervision officers’ skills and behaviours: A review of strategies for identifying the inner-workings of face-to-face supervision sessions

Nick Chadwick, Ralph Serin and Caleb Lloyd

24 Motivational Interviewing: Application to Practice in a Probation Context

Sheena Norton

25 Trauma-informed practices with youth in criminal justice settings

Jill Levenson

26 Building social capital to encourage desistance: Lessons from a veteran-specific project

Katherine Albertson and Lauren Hall

27 Working with veterans and addressing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Kelli E. Canada

28 Pro-social Modelling

Chris Trotter

29 Core Correctional Practices: The Role of the Working Alliance in Offender Rehabilitation

Stephen M. Haas, and Jaclyn Smith

30 Gut Check: Turning Experience into Knowledge

Heather Toronjo

31 Applications of Psychotherapy in Statutory Domestic Violence Perpetrator Programmes: Challenging the Dominance of Cognitive Behavioural Models

Nicole Renehan

32 Arts-based interventions in the justice system

Laura Caulfield and Ella Simpson

33 The use of sport to promote desistance from crime: lessons from across the prison estate

Rosie Meek

34 Violent Offenders: Contemporary issues in Risk Assessment, Treatment and Management

Philip Birch and Jane L. Ireland

35 Effective approaches to working with sex offenders

Tim Warton

36 ‘Five-minute interventions’ in prison: rehabilitative conversations with offenders

Charlene Pereria and Phillipa Evans

37 The benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in the criminal justice system: a review of the evidence

Katherine M. Auty

38 Mentoring in the Justice System

Gillian Buck

39 The contribution of ex-service users: An Analysis of the Life and Death of a Peer Mentor Employment Rehabilitation Programme

John Rico

40 Co-producing outcomes with service users in the penal system

Trish McCulloch

41 Victim-focused Work with offenders

Simon Green


Chapter 42 Preparing prisoners for release: Current and recurrent challenges

Mike Maguire and Peter Raynor

43 Prisoner Reentry in the United States

John Halushka

44 Post-release residential supervision

Keir Irwin Rodgers and Carla Reeves

45 The Health Needs of People Leaving Prison: A New Horizon to Address

Craig Cumming

Chapter 46 Rights, Advocacy, and Transformation

Cormac Behan

47 Strengths-Based Reentry and Resettlement

Thomas P. LeBel

48 The Role of Third Sector Organisations in Supporting Resettlement and Reintegration

Alice Mills and Rosie Meek


49 More Sinned against than Sinning: Women’s pathways into crime and criminalisation

Gilly Sharpe

50 What Works with Female Offenders? A UK Perspective

Loraine Gelsthorpe

51 Gender-Responsive Approaches for Women in the United States

Nena Messina, Barbara Bloom, and Stephanie Covington

52 Women’s experiences of the criminal justice system

Megan Welsh

53 Working with Black and Minority Ethnic Groups in the Penal System

Theo Gavrielides

54 ‘Race’, Rehabilitation and Offender Management

Bankole Cole and Paula McLean

55 Hamlet’s Dilemma: Racialization, agency, and the barriers to black men’s desistance

Martin Glynn

56 Applications of risk prediction technologies in criminal justice: The nexus of race and digitised control

Pamela Ugwudike

57 Cultural competency in community corrections

Jessica J. Wyse

58 Responding to youth offending: historical and current developments in practice

Tim Bateman

59 Youth Justice in Wales

Sue Thomas

60 ‘Rights-Based’ and ‘Children and Young People First’ Approaches to Youth Justice

Patricia Gray

61 Effective supervision of young offenders

Chris Trotter

62 Working with young people in prison

Phillipa Evans and Chris Trotter

63 Prevention Work with Young People

Anne Robinson

64 Realising the potential of community reparation for young offenders

Nick Pamment

65 Foreign national prisoners: Precarity and deportability as obstacles to rehabilitation

Sarah Turnbull and Ines Hasselberg

66 End of life in prison: challenges for prisons, staff and prisoners

Marina Richter, Ueli Hostettler, and Irene Marti

67 Older Prisoners: A Challenge for Correctional Services

Susan Baidawi

68 The role of offenders’ family links in offender rehabilitation

Anna Kotova

69 The Impact of Imprisonment on Families

Helen Codd


70 Approaches to working with young people: encouraging compliance

Mairead Seymour

71 Compliance during community-based penal supervision

Pamela Ugwudike and Jake Phillips

72 The Impact of adjudications and discipline

Flora Fitzalan Howard

73 Electronic monitoring and rehabilitation

Kristel Beyens and Marijke Roosen

74 Integrated offender management and rehabilitation for adult offenders in England and Wales

Anne Worrall and Rob Mawby


75 Probation worker identities: responding to change and turbulence in community rehabilitation

Anne Worrall and Rob Mawby

76 Probation values in England and Wales: can they survive Transforming Rehabilitation?

John Deering

77 Probation and Parole - Shaping Principles and Practices in the Early 21st Century: A US Perspective

Ronald P. Corbett, Jr. and Edward E. Rhine

78 How practitioners conceptualise quality: A UK Perspective

Gwen Robinson

79 The balancing act of probation supervision: The roles and philosophies of probation officers in the evidence-based practice era

Jill Viglione, Christina Burton and Sherah Basham

80 Innovations to transform probation supervision: An examination of experiences across eleven US agencies

Lina Marmolejo, James Byrne, and Faye Taxman


81 Experiencing community-based supervision: the pains of probation

Ioan Durnescu

82 Experiencing Probation: Results from the Honest Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Demonstration Field Experiment: US Perspective

Pamela K. Lattimore and Matthew DeMichele

83 Pain, Harm and Punishment

David Hayes


84 Features of Effective Prison-based Programmes for Reducing Recidivism

Dominic Pearson

85 Performance Measure in Community Corrections: Measuring Effective Supervision Practices with Existing Agency Data

Brandy L. Basko, Karen A. Souza, Brittney Via, Sara Del Principe and Faye S. Taxman

86 Visual methods and Probation Practice

Nicola Carr

87 Evaluating practice: Observation methods

Kimberly R. Kras, Shannon Magnuson, and Kimberly S. Meyer

88 Evaluating Women’s Programmes

Bridget Kerr

89 Group programmes with offenders

Emma Palmer

90 Evaluating Group Programmes: A Question of Design?

Clive Hollin

91 The Lost Narrative in Carceral Settings: Evaluative Practices and Methods to Improve Process and Outcomes Within Institutions

Danielle S. Rudes, Kimberly S. Meyer, and Shannon Magnuson

92 Probation research, evidence and policy: the British experience

Peter Raynor

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Pamela Ugwudike is Associate Professor of Criminology at the University of Southampton, UK. She is also affiliated with the Alan Turing Institute as a Turing Fellow. Her research interests include studying advances in critical criminological theory and analysing criminal justice policy and practice. She is particularly interested in theoretical and empirical studies of interactions between digital technology and criminal justice, and the implications for social justice. Her recent publications include An Introduction to Critical Criminology (2015) and Evidence-Based Skills in Criminal Justice: International Research on Supporting Rehabilitation and Desistance (2018, co-edited with Peter Raynor and Jill Annison).

Hannah Graham is Senior Lecturer in Criminology in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stirling, UK. As a criminologist and social scientist, Hannah works with governments and parliaments, practitioners, citizens, communities, and civic society to help inform real-world change and collaboratively build more just societies. She has made contributions in Scottish, European, and Australasian contexts. Also, Hannah is developing a growing research agenda on innovation and justice, on which she has researched, written, and spoken in different countries. Her publications include Supporting Desistance and Recovery (2016), Innovative Justice (2015), and Working with Offenders: A Guide to Concepts and Practices (2010), all published internationally by Routledge.

Fergus McNeill is Professor of Criminology and Social Work at the University of Glasgow, UK, where he works in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR). He has published extensively on institutions, cultures, and practices of punishment – and on how they might be best reformed in the light of evidence about desistance from crime. This work has led to a series of engagements with policy, practice, and people with lived experience of punishment in numerous jurisdictions.

Peter Raynor is Emeritus Research Professor of Criminology at Swansea University, UK, and has been carrying out and publishing research on criminal justice and offender management for more than 40 years. Over 200 publications include jointly edited collections on offender supervision (with McNeill and Trotter), compliance (with Ugwudike), social work with offenders (with McIvor), and race and probation (with Lewis, Smith, and Wardak). He is a member of the Correctional Services Accreditation and Advisory Panel for England and Wales, and a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences.

Faye S. Taxman is University Professor in the Criminology, Law and Society Department and Director of the Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence at George Mason University, USA. Her work covers the breadth of the correctional system from jails and prisons to community corrections and adult and juvenile offenders, including all types of interventions and system improvement factors. Dr Taxman has published over 125 articles. She is the author (with Steve Belenkos) of Implementing Evidence-Based Community Corrections and Addiction Treatment (2011). She is also on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Experimental Criminology, Criminology and Public Policy, and Journal of Offender Rehabilitation.

Chris Trotter is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Social Work at Monash University, Australia and Director, Monash Criminal Justice Research Consortium. Prior to his appointment to Monash he worked for many years as a social worker and manager in adult corrections, child protection, and youth justice. He has undertaken more than 30 funded research projects and has more than 100 publications, including eight books. His book Working with Involuntary Clients, now in its third edition, is published in English, Chinese, Japanese, French, and German. He has a strong international reputation, particularly for his work on pro-social modelling, and has been invited to more than 15 different countries to present conference plenary sessions and workshops for probation officers and others who work with offenders.


"Giving those who offend the opportunity, the resources, and the support to become better people has always seemed the most ethical of penal aims, but in insecure and turbulent times it has invariably been the hardest to defend and sustain. Historically, not all that has been done in rehabilitation’s name has been wise, kind, or effective and it has long needed the sort of critical friends it finds here to ensure that in both theory and practice it is aligned with human rights and goes beyond merely meeting criminogenic needs. Never before have the philosophical, political, and empirical arguments in its favour – and the numerous unresolved tensions in debate about them – been brought together as comprehensibly as they are in this welcome collection. It sets out all the models of good practice and identifies the contexts and cultures in which they are likely to thrive. It faces up squarely to the moral and practical challenges that champions of rehabilitation will always face, including the new technological ones. It makes a better world possible."

Mike Nellis, Emeritus Professor of Criminal and Community Justice, University of Strathclyde, UK 

"Providing effective rehabilitation is a critically important function of the criminal justice system. Significant advances have been made but are hard won, and require careful attention to matching interventions to needs. At the same time, reforms are often compromised by political considerations and resource constraints. This admirable collection by a range of leading scholars and practitioners provides the reader with an up-to-date map and assessment of contemporary theories and practices to help them navigate this complex area, and understand how to choose or implement effective solutions."

Dr Stuart Ross, School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia

"This collection of essays brings together an impressive group of authors to push forward knowledge and thinking on processes of desistance and rehabilitation."

Stephen Farrall, Research Professor in Criminology, College of Business, Law and the Social Sciences, University of Derby, UK

"The history of punishing crime is intimately tied to the concept of rehabilitation – or the process and potential of reforming people who break the law into law-abiding citizens. Across time and place, academics and practitioners have debated if rehabilitation through criminal justice interventions is possible and whether it ought to be one of the core goals of punishment. The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice provides a fresh international and cross-disciplinary look at these questions, considering rehabilitation and desistance from the perspective of researchers, practitioners, and people experiencing criminal justice contact."

Michelle Phelps, Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Minnesota (Twin Cities), USA