In the past decade, urban regeneration policy makers and practitioners have faced a number of difficult challenges, such as sustainability, budgetary constraints, demands for community involvement and rapid urbanization in the Global South. Urban regeneration remains a high profile and important field of government-led intervention, and policy and practice continue to adapt to the fresh challenges and opportunities of the 21st century, as well as confronting long standing intractable urban problems and dilemmas.
This Companion provides cutting edge critical review and synthesis of recent conceptual, policy and practical developments within the field. With contributions from 70 international experts within the field, it explores the meaning of ‘urban regeneration’ in differing national contexts, asking questions and providing informed discussion and analyses to illuminate how an apparently disparate field of research, policy and practice can be rendered coherent, drawing out common themes and significant differences. The Companion is divided into six sections, exploring: globalization and neo-liberal perspectives on urban regeneration; emerging reconceptualizations of regeneration; public infrastructure and public space; housing and cosmopolitan communities; community centred regeneration; and culture-led regeneration. The concluding chapter considers the future of urban regeneration and proposes a nine-point research agenda.
This Companion assembles a diversity of approaches and insights in one comprehensive volume to provide a state of the art review of the field. It is a valuable resource for both advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in Urban Planning, Built Environment, Urban Studies and Urban Regeneration, as well as academics, practitioners and politicians.
Table of Contents
Introduction Michael E Leary and John McCarthy Section 1. Globalization and Neo-liberal Perspectives 1. Introduction John McCarthy 2. Modernist Narratives of Renewal and the Historiography of Urban Regeneration John Gold 3. The Changing Context of Urban Regeneration in North West Europe Chris Couch, Olivier Sykes and Matthew Cocks 4. Just Add Water: Waterfront Regeneration as a Global Phenomenon Sue Brownill 5. International Policy Transfer: Business Improvement Districts and Enterprise Zones in the UK Greg Lloyd and Deborah Peel 6. Evolution of Urban Regeneration as a Government-assisted Revenue Strategy in Turkey: The Global Imperative Özlem Güzey 7. Neoliberal-inspired Large-scale Urban Development Projects in Chinese Cities Yawei Chen 8. Urban Regeneration and Neo-liberal State Reform: Changing Roles of Cities in the Japanese Developmental State Takashi Tsukamoto 9. The Blessing in Disguise: Urban Regeneration in Poland in a Neo-liberal Milieu Sylwia Kaczmarek and Szymon Marcińczak 10. Local-global Influences on Project-led Urban Renewal in Durban, South Africa Jennifer Houghton Section 2. Emerging Reconceptualizations of Regeneration 11. Introduction Michael E Leary 12. Urban Regeneration in Asia: Mega Projects and Heritage Conservation Belinda Yuen 13. Sustainable Urban Regeneration within the European Union: A case of ‘Europeanization’? Juliet Carpenter 14. From State-led to Developer-led? The Dynamics of Urban Renewal Policies in Taiwan Jinn-yuh Hsu and Wei-hsiu Chang 15. Regenerating What? The Politics and Geographies of Actually Existing Regeneration Ugo Rossi and Alberto Vanolo 16. Urban Regeneration and The City of Experts Michael Keith 17. Regenerating the Core – Or is it Periphery? Reclaiming Waterfronts in US Cities Peter B Meyer and Melissa Julie Saunders 18. Regeneration for Some: Degeneration for Others Franklin Obeng-Odoom 19. Urban Regeneration and the Social Economy Brendan Murtagh Section 3. Public Infrastructure and Public Space 20. Introduction John McCarthy 21. Mass Transit is the Anchor: Transit-focused Urban Regeneration Across the Pacific Rim Chris Hale 22. The German Internationale Bauausstellung (IBA) and Urban Regeneration: Lessons from the IBA Emscher Park Philip Pinch and Neil Adams 22. Critical Success Factors in Urban Brownfield Regeneration: Bringing ‘Hardcore’ Sites in Manchester and Osaka Back into Use Tim Dixon, Noriko Otsuka and Hirokazu Abe 23. The Integration of Cultural Heritage and Urban Regeneration in Melbourne Jean Hillier and Anthony Richardson 24. Cultural Regeneration, Diversity and the Making of Democratic Public Space Ronan Paddison 25. Achieving Global Competitiveness and Local Poverty Reduction? The Tale of a Public-private Partnership for Urban Regeneration in Bangalore, India Lalitha Kamath 26. Urban Regeneration: The ‘improvisation’ Tactics From the Favelas vs. the ‘Spectacularization’ of Public Space Paola Berenstein Jacques Section 4. Housing and Cosmopolitan Communities 27. Introduction John McCarthy 28. Housing-led Urban Regeneration: Place, Planning and Politics Alan Mace 29. Housing Delivery Through Mixed-use Urban Regeneration Schemes: A European Comparison Claudio de Magalhães, Nikios Karadimitriou and Roelof Verhage 30. Housing and Infrastructure-led Regeneration in South Africa: A Case Study of Johannesburg and Tshwane Metropolitan Municipalities Wellington D. Thwala and Clinton Ohis Aigbavboa 31. Bad Memories and Good Prospects for Housing-led Urban Regeneration Projects in Nigeria Eziyi O. Ibem 32. Greater Cairo’s Housing Crisis: Contested Suburban Communities and the Fragmentation of New Cairo City Wael Fahmi and Keith Sutton 33. Regenerating Through Social Mixing: Origins, Aims and Strategies Gwen van Eijk 34. Transnational Neighborhoods and the Metropolitan Community Adam Marc Pine 35. Recovery of Social Housing and Infrastructure Costs in Urban Renewal: Some Lessons from Turkey Sevkiye Sence Turk and Willem K. Korthals Altes Section 5. Community-centred Regeneration 36. Introduction Michael E Leary 37. Area-based Approaches to Urban Regeneration: Innovation in Vain? A Comparison of Evidence from UK and Denmark Jacob Norvig Larsen 38. Engaging Local Communities in Neighbourhood Regeneration in England: An Evaluation of Aims, Objectives and Outcomes Nick Bailey 39. From Sin City to Cine City – Re-peeling of Taipei’s Skin-peeling Alley Min Jay Kang 40. Negotiating Participatory Regeneration in the Post-Socialist Inner City Iwona Sagan and Maja Grabkowska 41. Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Community Development in Historic Neighborhoods of Istanbul Müge Akkar Ercan 42. The Changing Landscape of Community-led Regeneration in Scotland Barbara Illsley and Dumiso Moyo 43. Regeneration Through Social Enterprise: Government-led and Community-driven Initiatives in Britain and Japan Tony Chapman 44. Whose Urban Regeneration? Two Belfast Case Studies Jenny Muir Section 6. Culture-led Regeneration 45. Introduction Michael E Leary 46. The Neo-liberal Turn: ‘Culture’-led Urban Regeneration in Shanghai Sheng Zhong 47. Toward Sustainable Culture-led regeneration Carl Grodach 48. The Regenerative Impacts of the European City/Capital of Culture Events Franco Bianchini and Roberto Albano, with Alessandro Bollo 49. Culture-led Urban Regeneration: The Discursive Politics of Institutional Change Monika De Frantz 50. Culture-led Downtown Regeneration or Creative Gentrification? Erualdo Romero González and Lorena Guadiana 51. Stadiums, Public Spaces and Mega-events: Cultural and Sports Facilities as Catalysts for Urban Regeneration and Development Romain Roult and Sylvain Lefebvre 52. Neo-liberal Exceptionalism in Rio de Janeiro’s Olympic Port Regeneration Anne-Marie Broudehoux 53. Conclusions and Aspirations For the Future of Urban Regeneration Michael E Leary and John McCarthy
Dr Michael E. Leary is a Senior Lecturer and Course Director for the MA Planning Policy and the MA Urban Regeneration at London South Bank University. Michael qualified as a Chartered Town Planner in the 1980s. Over the years he has worked in public sector planning and as a planning consultant.
Dr John McCarthy is a Reader in Urban Studies in the Institute for Building and Urban Design, School of the Built Environment, Heriot-Watt University. John worked as a planning practitioner in the public sector in London in the 1980s, and has worked in academia at the University of Dundee and Heriot-Watt University.
"With international scholarship and case studies from every continent, this Companion is destined to be an essential reference for anyone interested in urban regeneration. Accessible essays cover every aspect of the problems cities face worldwide and report on the solutions that have been tried using the latest research." Yvonne Rydin, Professor of Planning, Environment and Public Policy, Director of UCL Environment Institute, UCL.
"The Companion is extraordinary in the scope of the cases covered. Focusing on Europe and Asia, it points to the similarities and differences among a vast number of projects in developing and developed countries. It shows the effects of neoliberalism on regeneration programs but also the ways in which resistance to megaprojects has been effective." Susan S. Fainstein, Visiting Professor, LKY School, National University of Singapore and Senior Research Fellow, Harvard University Graduate School of Design.
"Leary and McCarthy’s impressive collection of papers is a timely reminder that urban regeneration is not confined to the glamour cities of North America or the command and control centers of the EU. Urban regeneration is global, complex, multi-faceted and not always right." Professor Robin Boyle, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Wayne State University, USA.
"This book packs in-depth analyses of urban regeneration processes from 70 international experts into six accessible sections examining topic areas from emerging reconceptualizations of regeneration and community centered regeneration to neo-liberal perspectives and culture-led regeneration. With ambitious goals, Leary and McCarthy deliver." Mehdi Comeau in CITIES
"This volume is successful overall because the international case studies and comparisons presented help bring into focus the challenges and complexities of urban regeneration initiatives around the world." - Fernando J Bosco 2015 (Journal of Regional ScienceVolume 55, Issue 2)
‘The companion’ is a remarkable collection of critical reviews and analyses; benefiting from case studies and empirical accounts from all corners of the world... the international diversity of contributions sets ‘The companion’ apart from other books in the field.. its breadth should ensure that it emerges at the pinnacle of the avid student’s personal ‘reading list’. - Lee Pugalis 2015, Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, Vol. 8, 4, 413–416