1st Edition

The Routledge Companion to Women and Monarchy in the Ancient Mediterranean World

Edited By Elizabeth D. Carney, Sabine Müller Copyright 2021
    556 Pages 26 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    556 Pages 26 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume offers the first comprehensive look at the role of women in the monarchies of the ancient Mediterranean. It consistently addresses certain issues across all dynasties: title; role in succession; the situation of mothers, wives, and daughters of kings; regnant and co-regnant women; role in cult and in dynastic image; and examines a sampling of the careers of individual women while placing them within broader contexts. Written by an international group of experts, this collection is based on the assumption that women played a fundamental role in ancient monarchy, that they were part of, not apart from it, and that it is necessary to understand their role to understand ancient monarchies. This is a crucial resource for anyone interested in the role of women in antiquity.

    Part I: Women and Monarchy in the Ancient Mediterranean

    1. Introduction to thinking about women and monarchy in the ancient world.

    Elizabeth D. Carney and Sabine Müller

    Part II: Egypt and the Nile Valley

    2. The King’s Mother in Old and Middle Kingdoms

    Lisa Sabbahy

    3. Regnant Women in Egypt

    Martina Minas-Nerpal

    4. The Image of Nefertiti

    Athena Van der Perre

    5. The God’s Wife of Amun: Origins and Rise to Power

    Mariam F. Ayad

    6. The Role and Status of Royal Women in Kush

    Angelika Lohwasser

    7. Ptolemaic Royal Women

    Anne Bielman Sánchez and Giuseppina Lenzo

    8. Berenike II

    Sabine Müller

    9. Royal Women and Ptolemaic Cults

    Stefan Pfeiffer

    10. Ptolemaic Women’s Patronage of the Arts

    Silvia Barbantani

    11. The Kleopatra Problem: Roman Sources and a Female Ptolemaic Ruler

    Christoph Schäfer

    Part III: The Ancient Near East

    12. Invisible Mesopotamian Royal Women

    Sebastian Fink

    13. Achaimenid Women

    Maria Brosius

    14. Karian Royal Women and the Creation of a Royal Identity

    Stephen Ruzicka

    15. Seleukid Women

    Marek Jan Olbrycht

    16. Apama and Stratonike: the first Seleukid basilissai

    Gillian Ramsey

    17. Seleukid Marriage Alliances

    Monica d’Agostini

    18. Royal Mothers and Dynastic Power in Attalid Pergamon

    Dolores Mirón

    19. Hasmonean Women

    Julia Wilker

    20. Women at the Arsakid Court

    Irene Madreiter and Udo Hartmann

    21. Women of the Sasanid Dynasty (224-651 CE)

    Josef Wiesehöfer

    22. Zenobia of Palmyra

    Lucinda Dirven

    Part IV: Greece and Macedonia

    23. "Royal" Women in the Homeric Epics

    Johannes Heinrichs

    24. Royal Women in Greek Tragedy

    Hanna M. Roisman

    25. Argead Women

    Sabine Müller

    26. Women in Antigonid Monarchy

    Elizabeth D. Carney

    Part V: Commonalities

    27. Transitional Royal Women: Kleopatra, sister of Alexander the Great, Adea Eurydike, and Phila

    Elizabeth D. Carney

    28. Women and Dynasty and the Hellenistic Imperial Courts

    Rolf Strootman

    29. Royal Brother-Sister marriage, Ptolemaic and otherwise

    Sheila L. Ager

    30. Jugate Images in Ptolemaic and Julio-Claudian Monarchy

    Dimitris Plantzos

    Part VI: Rome: Late Republic through Empire

    31. Octavia Minor and Patronage

    Katrina Moore

    32. Livia and the Principate of Augustus and Tiberius

    Christiane Kunst

    33. Julio-Claudian Imperial women

    Francesca Cenerini

    34. The Imperial Women from the Flavians to the Severi

    Kordula Schnegg

    35. Portraiture of Flavian imperial women

    Annetta Alexandridis

    36. The Faustinas

    Stefan Priwitzer

    37. Women in the Severan Dynasty

    Riccardo Bertolazzi

    38. Women in the Family of Constantine

    Michaela Dirschlmayer

    Part VII: Reception from Antiquity to Present Times

    39. Semiramis: Perception and Presentation of Female Power in an Oriental Garb

    Brigitte Truschnegg

    40. Tanaquil and Tullia in Livy as Roman Caricatures of Greek Mythic and Historic Hellenistic Queens

    Judith P. Hallett and Karen Klaiber Hersch

    41. Roman Empresses on Screen: an Epic Failure?

    Anja Wieber


    Elizabeth D. Carney is Professor of History and Carol K. Brown Scholar in the Humanities, Emerita, at Clemson University, USA. Her focus has been on Macedonian and Hellenistic monarchy and the role of royal women in monarchy, most recently in Molossia. She has written Women and Monarchy in Ancient Macedonia (2000), Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great (2006), Arsinoë of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life (2013), and Eurydice and the Birth of Macedonian Power (2019). Some of her articles dealing with monarchy, with new afterwords, are collected in King and Court in Ancient Macedonia: Rivalry, Treason and Conspiracy (2015).

    Sabine Müller is Professor of Ancient History at Marburg University, Germany. Her research focuses on the Persian empire, Argead Macedonia, the Hellenistic empires, Macedonian royal women, Lukian, and reception studies. Her publications include the monographs Das hellenistische Königspaar in der medialen Repräsentation. Ptolemaios II. und Arsinoë II. (2009), Perdikkas II. – Retter Makedoniens (2017), and Alexander der Große. Eroberung – Politik – Rezeption (2019).

    "Whilst biographies of individual queens and treatments of their various dynastic families have at last come more into vogue in the new millennium, this is the first book to establish a comprehensive and fully comparative perspective on the royal women of the Ancient East Mediterranean as a larger phenomenon. Elizabeth D. Carney and Sabine Müller have assembled an international team of contributors from leading scholars in their sundry fields. These now supply authoritative accounts of the different dynasties and of the more prominent individual figures amongst them, whilst adopting an admirably diverse series of intellectual approaches…. The volume is presented in an open and engaging style that renders it not only useful for specialists but also accessible and interesting for undergraduates and general readers." - Daniel Ogden, University of Exeter, UK

    "The work will be the first comprehensive treatment of ancient royal women and their role in the ancient Mediterranean. Especially welcome is the inclusion of such states as Caria, Kush, Palmyra, and the Parthians, which are often ignored in such works. Second, and equally important, the analysis of royal women is firmly located in the context of the institution of monarchy with a clear recognition of the varied forms monarchy took in the ancient Mediterranean world. The editors have assembled an excellent team of authors, which ensures that the chapters will be of high quality… This is an excellent project, and the resulting volume will be a valuable contribution to scholarship on ancient Mediterranean monarchy." - Stanley M. Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles, USA