The Routledge Companion to Women in Architecture illuminates the names of pioneering women who over time continue to foster, shape, and build cultural, spiritual, and physical environments in diverse regions around the globe. It uncovers the remarkable evolution of women’s leadership, professional perspectives, craftsmanship, and scholarship in architecture from the preindustrial age to the present.
The book is organized chronologically in five parts, outlining the stages of women’s expanding engagement, leadership, and contributions to architecture through the centuries. It contains twenty-nine chapters written by thirty-three recognized scholars committed to probing broader topographies across time and place and presenting portraits of practicing architects, leaders, teachers, writers, critics, and other kinds of professionals in the built environment. The intertwined research sets out debates, questions, and projects around women in architecture, stimulates broader studies and discussions in emerging areas, and becomes a catalyst for academic programs and future publications on the subject.
The novelty of this volume is in presenting not only a collection of case studies but in broadening the discipline by advancing an incisive overview of the topic as a whole. It is an invaluable resource for architectural historians, academics, students, and professionals.
Table of Contents
PART I Women in the Early Profession and Leadership: Preindustrial Age to Early Twentieth Century From Domestic Realms into Public Life and Culture
1 Did Women Design or Build Before the Industrial Age?
Shelley E. Roff
2 For Homeowners and Housekeepers: The Architecture of Minerva Parker Nichols in Late Nineteenth-Century America
Margaret (Molly) Lester
3 Nell Brooker Mayhew and the Arts and Crafts Movement in America
4 "Designing Houses Is Like Having Babies": Verna Cook and the Practice of Architecture in the 1920s and 1930s
Catherine R. Ettinger
5 The Forgotten Art of Florence Hope Luscomb
Mary Anne Hunting and Kevin D. Murphy
6 "This Is Not a Success Story": Florence Fulton Hobson, Architect in Northern Ireland
PART II Women in the Modern Movement: The First Half of the Twentieth Century The Limits of Engagement in the Architectural Profession and the Agenda of "Modern" Work
7 Eileen Gray: Invitation to an Intellectual Journey
8 Blocks Versus Knots: Bauhaus Women Weavers’ Contribution to Architecture’s Canon
9 Lutah Maria Riggs: A Portrait of a Modern Revival-Style Architect
Volker M. Welter
10 Regarding De Stijl through a Gender Perspective: The Life and Work of Han Schroder
11 Reclaiming the Work of Women Architects in Mandatory Palestine
12 More Than Shelter: Olive Tjaden’s Suburban Projects in New York and Florida
Millicent Danziger Vollono and Lauren Vollono Drapala
PART III Women in the Context of Mid-Century Modernism Mainstream Practice Formations, Public Engagement, and Women’s Wider Agency in the Field
13 Lois Davidson Gottlieb: A Woman Fellow
Katherine Kaford Papineau and Rylee Soquella Woodcock
14 Consulting and Curating the Modern Interior: The Work of Hilde Reiss, 1943–1946
15 Architect, Partner, Wife: Mid-Century Husband-and-Wife Partnerships
16 "Mrs. Meric Callery"
17 Katherine Morrow Ford: Designs for Living
Katherine Kaford Papineau
18 Architect, Builder, Client, Secretary: The Women of the Sarasota School
Christopher S. Wilson
PART IV Women in Architecture of the Late Twentieth Century Architectural Work and Urban Planning: Drawing, Building, Educating, Archiving
19 Together Not Apart: Creating Constellations in Learning from an Archive
Donna W. Dunay
20 Women’s Contributions to Manitoba’s Built Environment: The Case of Green Blankstein Russell
21 Uncovering Her Archive: Ayla Karacabey in Postwar Architecture
22 Restless: Drawn by Zaha Hadid
23 "Something More Solid and Massive": The Architecture of Lauretta Vinciarelli
24 Flora Ruchat-Roncati and the "Will to Keep Working" Irina Davidovici and Katia Frey
PART V Women in Architecture: From the 1960s to the Present Breaking the Glass Ceiling
25 Expanding the Legacy: The International Archive of Women in Architecture
26 Breaking the Silence: Women in Russian Architecture
27 Leaving a Lasting Legacy. Beverly Willis: Groundbreaking Architect, Artist, Designer, Filmmaker, and Philanthropist
Kathryn H. Anthony and Shailee Dave
28 Reflections: Creating an Architectural Practice
Diane Elliott Gayer
29 Collaborations: The Architecture and Art of Sigrid Miller Pollin
Margaret Birney Vickery
Anna Sokolina is an architect, historian, curator, and founding Chair of SAH Women in Architecture AG, who also contributes to the advisory boards of the International Archive of Women in Architecture and Bloomsbury Global Encyclopedia of Women in Architecture (ed. Lori Brown and Karen Burns, forthcoming). She holds a PhD in Theory and History of Architecture and Landmarks Preservation from VNIITAG branch of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences (1992). She graduated from the Moscow Institute of Architecture (1980) and New York University SPS (2001) and interned at the Guggenheim Museum New York, Cooper-Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum, and the Public Design Commission at the NYC Mayor’s Office, and has contributed to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1999–2007), the Morgan Library and Museum, and ARTMargins. She worked as an architect and Research associate at CNIITIA/VNIITAG, as Curator of Exhibitions at Tabakman Museum, and was a member of the architecture faculty at Miami University, where she also curated the Cage Gallery. She was the first independent woman curator of the itinerant Russian Paper Architecture exhibitions in Germany and France (1992–1993) and the first lecturer from Russia invited after the collapse of the USSR by the European Academy of the Urban Environment (EA.UE Berlin) in the UNESCO program "Sustainable Settlements." She has received seventeen grants and awards; her 104 artworks are housed in twenty-three collections; and her over ninety publications include Architecture and Anthroposophy (ed., 2001, 2010, e-access 2019), and Building Utopia: Architecture of the GDR (in progress).
"The publication of this anthology is cause for celebration. Bringing together a wide variety of scholars concerned with the diverse contributions of women in architecture from the preindustrial age to the present, the book brings to light the work of both little-known figures of the past and established leaders working today. This anthology will quickly be recognized as essential reading for students and for anyone with an interest in the field."
—Alice T. Friedman, PhD, Grace Slack McNeil Professor of American Art, Wellesley College, MA
"I strongly support the publication of editor Anna Sokolina's The Routledge Companion to Women in Architecture as a significant contribution to the literature in architectural history as well as intersecting fields of design, planning, and preservation. The collected chapters reveal the broad scholarship that has turned from a long-held, narrow cannon to engagement with alternative narratives of individuals, places, and projects. The inclusion of research on women from less studied geographies such as Mongolia, Russia, and Turkey, and projects in places from Palestine to Rwanda, contributes to filling the significant gap in studies on both the diversity and the networks women have created and stewarded. This edited volume will be a resource for teaching architectural history as well as for professional practice courses."
—Thaïsa Way, PhD, FASLA,FAAR, Professor, College of Built Environments, University of Washington, Seattle
"This fascinating volume offers an invaluable transnational perspective on the significant and wide-ranging nature of women's agency in the making of the built environment. From the early modern period to the present day, the case studies it presents interrogate and challenge our understandings of the interaction between gender and architecture."
—Elizabeth Darling, PhD, Reader in Architectural History, School of History, Philosophy and Culture, Oxford Brookes University, UK
"This book will be a valuable resource for scholars and students alike. In its historical and geographical breadth, it underscores the diversity of women’s contributions to architecture and proposes many new avenues of research. By illuminating little-known protagonists, the volume advances a more complete and inclusive architectural history."
—Kathryn E. O'Rourke, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Art and Art History, Trinity University, San Antonio, TX
"This anthology brings together high-quality scholarship that emphasizes the resourcefulness and talent of women who made their mark on the built environment. From institutions to archives to homes, spaces by women come alive in these inclusive, well-researched writings. Attuned to the needs of students, scholars, professionals, and the broader audience, this accessible volume is a long-awaited contribution to the literature on women in architecture."
—Carla Yanni, PhD, Professor, Department of Art History, School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
"The Routledge Companion to Women in Architecture provides an excellent and wide-ranging compilation of women’s contributions to the field of architecture. Making inroads into a vast realm of underdeveloped history, this book challenges our thinking about women’s roles throughout centuries of architectural production."
—Alexandra Staub, PhD, Professor, Stuckeman School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Penn State University