The Routledge Encyclopedia of Citizen Media  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Citizen Media

ISBN 9781138665569
Published October 22, 2020 by Routledge
640 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations

FREE Standard Shipping
SAVE $50.00
was $250.00
USD $200.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

This is the first authoritative reference work to map the multifaceted and vibrant site of citizen media research and practice, incorporating insights from across a wide range of scholarly areas.

Citizen media is a fast-evolving terrain that cuts across a variety of disciplines. It explores the physical artefacts, digital content, performative interventions, practices and discursive expressions of affective sociality that ordinary citizens produce as they participate in public life to effect aesthetic or socio-political change. The seventy-seven entries featured in this pioneering resource provide a rigorous overview of extant scholarship, deliver a robust critique of key research themes and anticipate new directions for research on a variety of topics. Cross-references and recommended reading suggestions are included at the end of each entry to allow scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds to identify relevant connections across diverse areas of citizen media scholarship and explore further avenues of research.

Featuring contributions by leading scholars and supported by an international panel of consultant editors, the Encyclopedia is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as researchers in media studies, social movement studies, performance studies, political science and a variety of other disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. It will also be of interest to non-academics involved in activist movements and those working to effect change in various areas of social life.

Table of Contents


Activism Christina Neumayer

Amateur Karen Cross

Anthropology and citizen media Nina Grønlykke Mollerup

Archiving Jess Baines

Authenticity Lina Dencik

Autonomous movements Cristina Flesher Fominaya

Big data Stefania Milan

Citizen journalism Einar Thorsen

Citizen science Gwen Ottinger

Citizenship Engin Isin

Civil disobedience Ian Alan Paul

Civil society Manès Weisskircher

Commons Fruela Fernández

Community media Clemencia Rodríguez

Conflict & humanitarian studies and citizen media Derya Yüksek

Content moderation and volunteer participation Martin Johannes Riedl

Convergence Henry Jones

Co-optation Julia Rone

Crowdsourcing and crowdfunding Alexandra Reynolds

Culture jamming Vince Carducci

Digital storytelling Çiğdem Bozdağ and Sigrid Kannengießer

Direct action Benjamin Franks

Disability media Filippo Trevisan

Diversity Julie Boéri

Documentary film making Mark R. Westmoreland

Ethics of citizen media research Sandra Smeltzer

Facebook Zoetanya Sujon

Fandom Eva Cheuk-Yin Li

Film studies and citizen media Jens Eder and Britta Hartmann

Flash mobs Christian DuComb

Graffiti and street art Myrto Tsilimpounidi and Konstantinos Avramidis

Hacking and hacktivism Julia Rone

Hip-hop Christopher Vito

Hyperlocal media Jerome Turner and David Harte

Immaterial labour Dario Lolli

Indymedia Dorothy Kidd

Journalism studies and citizen media Karin Wahl-Jorgensen

Media Marwan M. Kraidy

Media ecologies Emiliano Treré

Media event Evgenia Nim

Media practices Hilde C. Stephansen and Emiliano Treré

Mediatization Andreas Hepp

Migration studies and citizen media Moira Inghilleri

Mobile technologies Michael Daubs

Networks and networked society Dorismilda Flores-Márquez

Parkour Michael Atkinson and Kristina Smith

Performance studies and citizen media Maria Chatzichristodoulou

Philosophy and citizen media Omid Tofighian

Photography Karen Cross

Political science and citizen media Mette Marie Roslyng

Popular culture and citizen media Randa Aboubakr

Postcolonial studies and citizen media Bolette B. Blaagaard

Precarity Jacob Breslow

Prefiguration Marianne Maeckelbergh

Process vs. event Carlie D. Trott

Public sphere Petros Iosifidis

Publics (and networked publics) Elaine Yuan

Race & ethnicity studies and citizen media Gavan Titley

Remediation Owen Gallagher

Selfies Mette Mortensen

Self-mediation Katie Warfield

Social media Neil Sadler

Social movements studies and citizen media Tina Askanius

Solidarity Alex Khasnabish

Sousveillance Paul Reilly

Space and place Matilda Tudor

Subjectivity Aoileann Ní Mhurchú

Surveillance Arne Hintz

Temporality Anne Kaun

Twitter and hashtags Neil Sadler

User-generated content Melissa Wall

Video games Tonguc Ibrahim Sezen and Digdem Sezen

Weibo Eileen Le Han

Wikis Henry Jones

Witnessing/testimony Daniela Mansbach

World Social Forum Hilde C. Stephansen

YouTube Abigail Keating

View More



Mona Baker is Professor Emerita of Translation Studies, University of Manchester, UK, and Director of the Baker Centre for Translation & Intercultural Studies, Shanghai International Studies University. She is co-coordinator of the Genealogies of Knowledge Research Network, author of Translation and Conflict (2006/ 2019), editor of Translating Dissent (2016) and co-editor of Citizen Media and Public Spaces (2016).

Bolette B. Blaagaard is Associate Professor of Communication at Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark. Her research focuses on the intersections of culture and journalism with an emphasis on citizen media and postcoloniality. Blaagaard is the author of Citizen Journalism as Conceptual Practice (2018) and co-editor of Citizen Media and Public Spaces (2016).

Henry Jones is Lecturer in Translation and Intercultural Communication at Aston University, Birmingham, UK, and co-coordinator of the Genealogies of Knowledge Research Network. He has published on translation practices in emerging online contexts, media theory and corpus-based methodologies.

Luis Pérez-González is Professor of Translation Studies and Co-director of the Centre for Translation and Intercultural Studies at the University of Manchester, UK. He is author of Audiovisual Translation: Theories, Methods and Issues (2014) and editor of The Routledge Handbook of Audiovisual Translation (2018).


A remarkably impressive achievement, this Encyclopedia represents a major step forward in the formalisation of this area of enquiry for researchers, journalists and civic activists alike. Entries are perceptively alert to why citizen media are vital for democracy, affording the reader an informed appreciation of key issues, concepts and debates while, at the same time, inspiring new points of engagement. An essential resource, it promises to enrich critical interventions for years to come.

Stuart Allan, Professor and Head of the School of Journalism, Media and Culture at Cardiff University, UK


Ordinary citizens everywhere enact and perform citizenship through media practices in their daily lives. In this timely volume, distinguished scholars from around the world analyze the key concepts and themes in the study of these citizen media practices. They map a dynamic field of interdisciplinary scholarship and point toward exciting new directions for future research.

Guobin Yang, Grace Lee Boggs Professor of Communication and Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, USA