This Encyclopedia brings together the vast array of historical research into the reality of the man, the teachings, the acts, and the events ascribed to him that have served as the foundational story of one of the world's central religions. This kind of historiography is not biography. The historical study of the Jesus stories and the transmission of these stories through time have been of seminal importance to historians of religion. Critical historical examination has provided a way for scholars of Christianity for centuries to analyze the roots of legend and religion in a way that allows scholars an escape from the confines of dogma, belief, and theological interpretation. In recent years, historical Jesus studies have opened up important discussions concerning anti-Semitism and early Christianity and the political and ideological filtering of the Jesus story of early Christianity through the Roman empire and beyond.
Entries will cover the classical studies that initiated the new historiography, the theoretical discussions about authenticating the historical record, the examination of sources that have led to the western understanding of Jesus' teachings and disseminated myth of the events concerning Jesus' birth and death.
Subject areas include:
'Evans and the contributors offer an excellent resource for scholars and students alike. They have produced a well-informed, readable, and reliable guide to the historical Jesus for years to come. The entries give a fine summary of current research and offer well informed orientation.' – Christopher Stenschke, University of South Africa, Review of Biblical Literature
Abiathar. Abraham. Adam. Allegory. Angels. Annas and Caiaphas. Anti-Semitism. Apocalyptic. Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Apostleship, Evangelism, Witness. Aramaic and Ipsissima Verba Jesu. Archaeology and Jesus. Archaeology of Galilee and Judea. Ascension. Authenticity Criteria. Baptism of Jesus. Beatitudes and Blessing. Bethany and Bethphage. Bethlehem. Bethsaida. Biography. Birth of Jesus. Blasphemy. Bornkamm, Günther. Buddhist Thought and Jesus. Bultmann, Rudolf. Cadbury, Henry Joel. Caesarea Maritima. Caesarea Philippi. Cana of Galilee. Capernaum. Child, Children. Chorazin. Chreia, Apophthegm. Christ, Messiah. Christology. Chronology. Coinage, Jewish. Coinage, Roman. Compassion on the Poor. Conzelmann, Hans. Curses and Woe