The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation
An international guide to laws and practice in the excavation and treatment of archaeological human remains
Methodologies and legislative frameworks regarding the archaeological excavation, retrieval, analysis, curation and potential reburial of human skeletal remains differ throughout the world. As work forces have become increasingly mobile and international research collaborations are steadily increasing, the need for a more comprehensive understanding of different national research traditions, methodologies and legislative structures within the academic and commercial sector of physical anthropology has arisen. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation provides comprehensive information on the excavation of archaeological human remains and the law through 62 individual country contributions from Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America and Australasia.
More specifically, the volume discusses the following:
- What is the current situation (including a brief history) of physical anthropology in the country?
- What happens on discovering human remains (who is notified, etc.)?
- What is the current legislation regarding the excavation of archaeological human skeletal remains? Is a license needed to excavate human remains? Is there any specific legislation regarding excavation in churchyards? Any specific legislation regarding war graves?
- Are physical anthropologists involved in the excavation process?
- Where is the cut-off point between forensic and archaeological human remains (e.g. 100 years, 50 years, 25 years…)?
- Can human remains be transported abroad for research purposes?
- What methods of anthropological analysis are mostly used in the country? Are there any methods created in that country which are population-specific?
- Are there particular ethical issues that need to be considered when excavating human remains, such as religious groups or tribal groups?
In addition, an overview of landmark anthropological studies and important collections are provided where appropriate.
The entries are contained by an introductory chapter by the editors which establish the objectives and structure of the book, setting it within a wider archaeological framework, and a conclusion which explores the current European and world-wide trends and perspectives in the study of archaeological human remains. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation makes a timely, much-needed contribution to the field of physical anthropology and is unique as it combines information on the excavation of human remains and the legislation that guides it, alongside information on the current state of physical anthropology across several continents. It is an indispensible tool for archaeologists involved in the excavation of human remains around the world.
Table of Contents
FOREWARD – Professor Don Brothwell
PART 1 – INTRODUCTION - Nicholas Márquez-Grant and Linda Fibiger
PART 2 EUROPE
1. Albania – Maria Grazia Amore
2. Andorra – Abel Fortó García
3. Armenia - Maureen E. Marshall and Ruzan A. Mkrtchyan
4. Azerbaijan - David Maynard and Najaf Museyibli
5. Belarus - Lydia Tegako and Olga Sorokina
6. Belgium - Kim Quintelier, Agnès Malevez, Rosine Orban, Michel Toussaint, Marit Vandenbruaene and Geneviève Yernaux
7. Bosnia and Herzegovina - Amila Zukanović, Nermin Sarajlić and Senem Škulj
8. Bulgaria - Bisserka Gaydarska
9. Croatia - Mario Šlaus, Mario Novak and Marin Vodanović
10. Cyprus - Kirsi O. Lorentz
11. Czech Republic - Petr Velemínský and Lumír Poláček
12. Denmark - Tina Christensen and Pia Bennike
13. Finland - Milton Núñez, Markku Niskanen, Marja-Leena Kortelainen, Juho-Antti Junno, Kirsti Paavola, Sirpa Niinimäki and Mirette Modarress
14. France - Juliette Michel and Phillipe Charlier
15. Germany - Jörg Orschiedt, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen and Stefan Flohr
16. Greece - Constantine Eliopoulos, Konstantinos Moraitis, Velissaria Vanna and Sotiris Manolis
17. Hungary - Ildikó Pap and György Pálfi
18. Iceland - Guðný Zoëga and Hildur Gestsdóttir
19. Ireland - Laureen Buckley
20. Italy - Dario Piombino-Mascali and Albert R. Zink
21. Kosova - Shirley J. Schermer, Edi Shukriu and Sylvia Deskaj
22. Lithuania - Rimantas Jankauskas
23. Luxembourg - Ilka Weidig, Christiane Bis-Worch, Nils-Jörn Rehbach, Ulrich Nothwang, Anja Sindermann, Jean Krier, Foni Le Brun-Ricalens and Jeannot Metzler
24. Macedonia, FYRO - Fanica Veljanovska
25. Malta - Anthony Pace
26. Moldova - Sergiu Musteaţă and Alexander Varzari
27. Monaco - Luca Bianconi
28. Montenegro - Mile Baković and Ivana Medenica
29. The Netherlands - Elisabeth Smits
30. Norway - Berit J. Sellevold
31. Poland - Wiesław Lorkiewicz, Iwona Teul and Paulina Kubacka
32 Portugal - Cláudia Umbelino and Ana Luísa Santos
33. Romania - Szilárd Sándor Gál
34. Russia - Alexandra Buzhilova
35. Serbia - Marija Djurić and Andrej Starović
36. Slovakia - Radoslav Beňuš, Soňa Masnicová, Zuzana Obertová and Drahoslav Hulínek
37. Slovenia - Petra Leben-Seljak and Pavel Jamnik
38. Spain - Nicholas Márquez-Grant, Carme Rissech, Olalla López Costas, Inmaculada Alemán and Luis Caro Dobón
39. Sweden - Torbjörn Ahlström, Elisabeth Iregren, Lena Strid and Kristina Jennbert
40. Turkey - Handan Üstündağ
41. Ukraine - Inna Potekhina
42. United Kingdom - Bill White
PART 3 REST OF THE WORLD
43. Egypt - Salima Ikram
44. Sudan - Tina Jakob and Mongeda Khalid Magzoub Ali
45. South Africa - Willem Coenraad Nienaber and Maryna Steyn
46. Canada - Jerome S. Cybulski
47. USA - Douglas H. Ubelaker
48. Mexico - Lourdes Márquez Morfín and Ernesto González Licón
49. Guatemala - Lourdes Penados
50. Puerto Rico - Myriam Llorens-Liboy and Milton Núñez
SOUTH AMERICA – Coordinated by Paola Ponce
South America [Introduction by Paola Ponce]
51. Argentina - Marina L. Sardi
52. Brazil - Sheila Maria Ferraz Mendonça de Souza
53. Chile - Eugenio Aspillaga Fontaine and Bernardo Arriaza
54. Uruguay - Mónica Sans
55. Human remains in Antartica – a unique historical and legal context - Michael Pearson
56. Israel - Yossi Nagar
57. Thailand - Siân Halcrow, Nancy Tayles, Natthamon Pureepatpong and Korakot Boonlop
58. Australia - Denise Donlon and Judith Littleton
59. New Zealand - Nancy Tayles and Siân Halcrow
60. Vanuatu - Stuart Bedford, Ralph Regenvanu, Matthew Spriggs, Hallie Buckley and Frédérique Valentin
PART 4. CONCLUDING REMARKS – Nicholas Márquez-Grant and Linda Fibiger
A1. BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES - Karl Harrison
A2. GIBRALTAR - Kimberly Brown and Clive Finlayson
A3. BURIALS RELATED TO RECENT MILITARY CONFLICTS: CASE STUDIES FROM FRANCE - Michel Signoli and Guillaume de Vedrines
Dr Nicholas Márquez-Grant is a Forensic Anthropologist and Archaeologist at Cellmark Forensic Services, Abingdon (UK) and a Research Associate at the Institute of Human Sciences, School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford. He has done considerable work on human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts ranging from the Neolithic to the 19th century and from a number of countries. He is also regularly involved in forensic work in the UK. He has taught biological anthropology since 2001 at the University of Oxford.
Dr Linda Fibiger is a physical anthropologist whose research interests include interpersonal violence and conflict in prehistoric Europe, Irish Early Christian Burials, and standards and practice in osteoarchaeology. She has published widely on commercial and research projects in Britain and Ireland, and is currently involved in a research project at the University of Cardiff on changing patterns of living in the earliest agricultural societies of central Europe.
'This will be an incredibly useful source of information for scholars around the world who are, or may be hoping to be, working with human remains from archaeological contexts in particular places across the globe. It will, furthermore, save much time searching for relevant information to help their work, and provide much needed contacts ... an essential reference text for students working on archaeological human remains.' - Charlotte Roberts, Durham University, UK