1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation An international guide to laws and practice in the excavation and treatment of archaeological human remains

Edited By Nicholas Marquez-Grant, Linda Fibiger Copyright 2011
    800 Pages
    by Routledge

    786 Pages
    by Routledge

    Methodologies and legislative frameworks regarding the archaeological excavation, retrieval, analysis, curation and potential reburial of human skeletal remains differ throughout the world. As work forces have become increasingly mobile and international research collaborations are steadily increasing, the need for a more comprehensive understanding of different national research traditions, methodologies and legislative structures within the academic and commercial sector of physical anthropology has arisen. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation provides comprehensive information on the excavation of archaeological human remains and the law through 62 individual country contributions from Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America and Australasia.

    More specifically, the volume discusses the following:

    • What is the current situation (including a brief history) of physical anthropology in the country?
    • What happens on discovering human remains (who is notified, etc.)?
    • What is the current legislation regarding the excavation of archaeological human skeletal remains? Is a license needed to excavate human remains? Is there any specific legislation regarding excavation in churchyards? Any specific legislation regarding war graves?
    • Are physical anthropologists involved in the excavation process?
    • Where is the cut-off point between forensic and archaeological human remains (e.g. 100 years, 50 years, 25 years…)?
    • Can human remains be transported abroad for research purposes?
    • What methods of anthropological analysis are mostly used in the country? Are there any methods created in that country which are population-specific?
    • Are there particular ethical issues that need to be considered when excavating human remains, such as religious groups or tribal groups?

    In addition, an overview of landmark anthropological studies and important collections are provided where appropriate.

    The entries are contained by an introductory chapter by the editors which establish the objectives and structure of the book, setting it within a wider archaeological framework, and a conclusion which explores the current European and world-wide trends and perspectives in the study of archaeological human remains. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation makes a timely, much-needed contribution to the field of physical anthropology and is unique as it combines information on the excavation of human remains and the legislation that guides it, alongside information on the current state of physical anthropology across several continents. It is an indispensible tool for archaeologists involved in the excavation of human remains around the world.

    FOREWARD – Professor Don Brothwell

    PART 1 – INTRODUCTION - Nicholas Márquez-Grant and Linda Fibiger


    1. Albania – Maria Grazia Amore

    2. Andorra – Abel Fortó García

    3. Armenia - Maureen E. Marshall and Ruzan A. Mkrtchyan

    4. Azerbaijan - David Maynard and Najaf Museyibli

    5. Belarus - Lydia Tegako and Olga Sorokina

    6. Belgium - Kim Quintelier, Agnès Malevez, Rosine Orban, Michel Toussaint, Marit Vandenbruaene and Geneviève Yernaux

    7. Bosnia and Herzegovina - Amila Zukanović, Nermin Sarajlić and Senem Škulj

    8. Bulgaria - Bisserka Gaydarska

    9. Croatia - Mario Šlaus, Mario Novak and Marin Vodanović

    10. Cyprus - Kirsi O. Lorentz

    11. Czech Republic - Petr Velemínský and Lumír Poláček

    12. Denmark - Tina Christensen and Pia Bennike

    13. Finland - Milton Núñez, Markku Niskanen, Marja-Leena Kortelainen, Juho-Antti Junno, Kirsti Paavola, Sirpa Niinimäki and Mirette Modarress

    14. France - Juliette Michel and Phillipe Charlier

    15. Germany - Jörg Orschiedt, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen and Stefan Flohr

    16. Greece - Constantine Eliopoulos, Konstantinos Moraitis, Velissaria Vanna and Sotiris Manolis

    17. Hungary - Ildikó Pap and György Pálfi

    18. Iceland - Guðný Zoëga and Hildur Gestsdóttir

    19. Ireland - Laureen Buckley

    20. Italy - Dario Piombino-Mascali and Albert R. Zink

    21. Kosova - Shirley J. Schermer, Edi Shukriu and Sylvia Deskaj

    22. Lithuania - Rimantas Jankauskas

    23. Luxembourg - Ilka Weidig, Christiane Bis-Worch, Nils-Jörn Rehbach, Ulrich Nothwang, Anja Sindermann, Jean Krier, Foni Le Brun-Ricalens and Jeannot Metzler

    24. Macedonia, FYRO - Fanica Veljanovska

    25. Malta - Anthony Pace

    26. Moldova - Sergiu Musteaţă and Alexander Varzari

    27. Monaco - Luca Bianconi

    28. Montenegro - Mile Baković and Ivana Medenica

    29. The Netherlands - Elisabeth Smits

    30. Norway - Berit J. Sellevold

    31. Poland - Wiesław Lorkiewicz, Iwona Teul and Paulina Kubacka

    32 Portugal - Cláudia Umbelino and Ana Luísa Santos

    33. Romania - Szilárd Sándor Gál

    34. Russia - Alexandra Buzhilova

    35. Serbia - Marija Djurić and Andrej Starović

    36. Slovakia - Radoslav Beňuš, Soňa Masnicová, Zuzana Obertová and Drahoslav Hulínek

    37. Slovenia - Petra Leben-Seljak and Pavel Jamnik

    38. Spain - Nicholas Márquez-Grant, Carme Rissech, Olalla López Costas, Inmaculada Alemán and Luis Caro Dobón

    39. Sweden - Torbjörn Ahlström, Elisabeth Iregren, Lena Strid and Kristina Jennbert

    40. Turkey - Handan Üstündağ

    41. Ukraine - Inna Potekhina

    42. United Kingdom - Bill White



    43. Egypt - Salima Ikram

    44. Sudan - Tina Jakob and Mongeda Khalid Magzoub Ali

    45. South Africa - Willem Coenraad Nienaber and Maryna Steyn


    46. Canada - Jerome S. Cybulski

    47. USA - Douglas H. Ubelaker

    48. Mexico - Lourdes Márquez Morfín and Ernesto González Licón

    49. Guatemala - Lourdes Penados

    50. Puerto Rico - Myriam Llorens-Liboy and Milton Núñez

    SOUTH AMERICA – Coordinated by Paola Ponce

    South America [Introduction by Paola Ponce]

    51. Argentina - Marina L. Sardi

    52. Brazil - Sheila Maria Ferraz Mendonça de Souza

    53. Chile - Eugenio Aspillaga Fontaine and Bernardo Arriaza

    54. Uruguay - Mónica Sans


    55. Human remains in Antartica – a unique historical and legal context - Michael Pearson


    56. Israel - Yossi Nagar

    57. Thailand - Siân Halcrow, Nancy Tayles, Natthamon Pureepatpong and Korakot Boonlop


    58. Australia - Denise Donlon and Judith Littleton

    59. New Zealand - Nancy Tayles and Siân Halcrow

    60. Vanuatu - Stuart Bedford, Ralph Regenvanu, Matthew Spriggs, Hallie Buckley and Frédérique Valentin

    PART 4. CONCLUDING REMARKS – Nicholas Márquez-Grant and Linda Fibiger



    A2. GIBRALTAR - Kimberly Brown and Clive Finlayson



    Dr Nicholas Márquez-Grant is a Forensic Anthropologist and Archaeologist at Cellmark Forensic Services, Abingdon (UK) and a Research Associate at the Institute of Human Sciences, School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford. He has done considerable work on human skeletal remains from archaeological contexts ranging from the Neolithic to the 19th century and from a number of countries. He is also regularly involved in forensic work in the UK. He has taught biological anthropology since 2001 at the University of Oxford.
    Dr Linda Fibiger is a physical anthropologist whose research interests include interpersonal violence and conflict in prehistoric Europe, Irish Early Christian Burials, and standards and practice in osteoarchaeology. She has published widely on commercial and research projects in Britain and Ireland, and is currently involved in a research project at the University of Cardiff on changing patterns of living in the earliest agricultural societies of central Europe.

    'This will be an incredibly useful source of information for scholars around the world who are, or may be hoping to be, working with human remains from archaeological contexts in particular places across the globe. It will, furthermore, save much time searching for relevant information to help their work, and provide much needed contacts ... an essential reference text for students working on archaeological human remains.' - Charlotte Roberts, Durham University, UK