1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Autocratization

Edited By Aurel Croissant, Luca Tomini Copyright 2024
    640 Pages 43 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Autocratization comprehensively and systematically explores the current understanding, and unchartered research paths, of autocratization.

    With wide-reaching regional coverage and expert analysis from Asia, North and South America, Europa, the Middle East and North Africa, this handbook reveals cross-country, and cross-regional, analysis and insights and presents in-depth explanations and consequences of autocratization. Arranged in five thematic sections, chapters explore the basic aspects of conceptualization, theorization, and measurement of autocratization; the role of various political and non-political actors as perpetrators, supporters, bystanders, or defenders of democracy against autocratization processes; and the consequences across various policy fields. Showcasing cutting-edge research developments, the handbook illustrates the deeply complex nature of the field, examining important topics in need of renewed consideration at a time of growing concerns for democracy and the global spread of authoritarian challenges to democracy.

    The Routledge Handbook of Autocratization will be a key reference for those interested in, and studying authoritarianism, democratization, human rights, governance, democracy and more broadly comparative politics, and regional/area studies.

    Chapter 2 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.

    1. Introduction

    Aurel Croissant and Luca Tomini

    Part 1: Concepts, Approaches and Measurements

    2. Rethinking Democratic Subversion (from the Perspective of Actors)

    Andreas Schedler

    3. Conceptualizing autocratization

    Luca Tomini

    4. Measuring autocratization

    Lars Lott and Aurel Croissant

    5. Identifying episodes of autocratization

    Vanessa Boese-Schlosser, Amanda B. Edgell, Sebastian Hellmeier, Seraphine F. Maerz, Yuko Sato, Matthew C. Wilson, and Staffan I. Lindberg

    Part 2: Structures and Institutions

    6. Economic development and autocratization

    Carl Henrik Knutsen and Sven-Erik Skaaning

    7. Inequality and autocratization· 

    Christian Houle

    8. Social classes and autocratization

    Gábor Scheiring

    9. Past legacies and autocratization

    Leonardo Morlino

    10. Polarization and autocratization

    Jennifer McCoy and Murat Somer

    11. Ideological modules and autocratization

    Zsolt Enyedi

    12. Elections and autocratization

    Sebastian Hellmeier and Elena Leuschner

    13. Autocratization and the three faces of judicial power

    Aziz Z. Huq

    14. Autocratization by legal means in weak presidential democracies

    Gabriel L. Negretto

    15. The Internet and autocratization

    Seraphine F. Maerz

    16. Subnational dimensions of autocratization

    Carlos Gervasoni

    17. The international order and autocratization

    Marianne Kneuer and Thomas Demmelhuber

    Part 3: Actors

    18. International actors and autocratization

    Christian von Soest

    19. Parties, government leaders, and autocratization

    Claudio Balderacchi

    20. Populism and autocratization  

    Keith Prushankin and Crístobal Rovira Kaltwasser

    21. Religious actors and autocratization

    Julia Leininger

    22. Civil society and autocratization

    Janjira Sombatpoonsiri

    23. Economic actors and autocratization

    Alexander Libman

    24. The Military and autocratization

    Aurel Croissant and David Kuehn

    Part 4: Consequences and Impact

    25. Autocratization and development

    Masaaki Higashijima

    26. Administrative backsliding

    Michael W. Bauer

    27. Autocratization and health outcomes

    James W. McGuire

    28. Autocratization and gender politics

    Conny Roggeband and Andrea Krizsán

    29. Autocratization and environmental performance

    Jale Tosun and Simon Schaub

    30. Autocratization and ethnic relations

    Guido Panzano

    31. Autocratization and political conflict

    Christoph Trinn, Felix Schulte and Seraphine F. Maerz

    Part 5: Regional Perspectives

    32. Western Europe

    Assem Dandashly and Eliyahu V. Sapir

    33. Central and Eastern Europe

    Séan Hanley and Licia Cianetti

    34. Western Balkans

    Branimir Staletovik and Florian Bieber

    35. Post-Soviet States

    Martin Brusis

    36. Latin America

    John Polga-Hecimovich

    37. Middle East and North Africa·      

    Nadine Sika

    38. Sub-Saharan Africa

    Andrea Cassani, Giovanni Carbone, and Tiziana Corda

    39. East and Southeast Asia 

    Yuko Kasuya and Yi-Ting Wang

    40. South Asia

    Šumit Ganguly


    Aurel Croissant is Professor at the Institute of Political Science, Heidelberg University, Germany, and Visiting Professor at GSIS Ewha Womans University, South Korea.

    Luca Tomini is FNRS Research Associate and Professor of Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium.

    “This ambitious collection succeeds at marrying breadth and depth. In addition to offering countless insights on the structures, actors, history, geography and consequences of autocratization, it sets a compelling agenda for future research. Anyone seeking to understand autocratization will benefit from reading this handbook.”

    Nancy Bermeo, Oxford University, UK

    “Authoritarianism, autocratization, backsliding: these concepts have defined a wide-ranging and fecund research agenda. This collection gathers thoughtful essays by a “who’s who” in the study of autocratization. The volume is organized in a particularly useful way, considering questions of conceptualization, measurement and the causes as well as effects of backsliding and authoritarian regress. An added benefit is a cluster of essays that review the phenomenon through a regional lens, capturing nuances we can miss taking a global approach. An important and well-timed collection that surveys the most pressing political problem of our time.”

    Stephan Haggard, University of California San Diego, USA