The Routledge Handbook of Balkan and Southeast European History  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Balkan and Southeast European History

ISBN 9780367550622
Published April 29, 2022 by Routledge
556 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Disentangling a controversial history of turmoil and progress, this Handbook provides essential guidance through the complex past of a region that was previously known as the Balkans but is now better known as Southeastern Europe. It gathers 47 international scholars and researchers from the region. They stand back from the premodern claims and recent controversies stirred by the wars of Yugoslavia’s dissolution.

Parts I and II explore shifting early modern divisions among three empires to the national movements and independent states that intruded with Great Power intervention on Ottoman and Habsburg territory in the nineteenth century. Part III traces a full decade of war centered on the First World War, with forced migrations rivalling the great loss of life. Part IV addresses the interwar promise and the later authoritarian politics of five newly independent states: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, and Yugoslavia. Separate attention is paid in Part V to the spread of European economic and social features that had begun in the nineteenth century. The Second World War again cost the region dearly in death and destruction and, as noted in Part VI, in interethnic violence. A final set of chapters in Part VII examines postwar and Cold War experiences that varied among the four Communist regimes as well as for non-Communist Greece. Lastly, a brief Epilogue takes the narrative past 1989 into the uncertainties that persist in Yugoslavia’s successor states and its neighbors.

Providing fresh analysis from recent scholarship, the brief and accessible chapters of the Handbook address the general reader as well as students and scholars. For further study, each chapter includes a short list of selected readings.

Table of Contents

Introductory overview: premodern borders and modern controversies

John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

PART I: The early modern Balkans as imperial borderlands

Overview: the Balkans divided between three empires

John R. Lampe

1. Ottoman Albania and Kosovo, Albanians and Serbs, sixteenth–eighteenth centuries

Oliver Jens Schmitt

2. The Venetian- Ottoman borderland in Dalmatia

Josip Vrandečić

3. The Phanariot regime in the Romanian Principalities, 1711/ 1716–1821

Constantin Iordachi

4. Ottoman Bosnia and the Bosnian Muslims

Leyla Amzi- Erdogdular

PART II: Nation- and state- building, 1815–1914

Overview: nations and states between changing borders and the Great Powers in the “long” nineteenth century

John R. Lampe

5. Nineteenth- century national identities in the Balkans: evolution and contention

Diana Mishkova

6. Bulgaria from liberation to independence, 1878–1908

Roumen Daskalov

7. Croatian political diversity and national development in the nineteenth century

Iskra Iveljić

8. Montenegro as an independent state, 1878–1912

John D. Treadway

9. The agrarian question in Romania, 1744–1921

Constantin Iordachi

10. Slovene clerical politics, cooperatives and the language question to 1914

Gregor Kranjc

11. Serbia’s promise and problems, 1903–1914

Dubravka Stojanović

12. The Macedonian question: asked and answered, 1878–1913

Keith Brown

13. Austria- Hungary and the Balkans

Roumiana Preshlenova

14. Bosnia- Herzegovina under Austria- Hungary: from occupation to assassination, 1878–1914

Robert J. Donia

PART III: The Balkan Wars and the First World War, 1912–1923

Overview: armies and occupations, peace settlements and forced migrations

John R. Lampe

15. Bulgaria’s wars and defeats, 1912–1919

Richard Hall

16. After empire: the First World War and the question of Albanian independence

Lejnar Mitrojorgji

17. Greece from national expansion to schism and catastrophe, 1912–1922

Stefan Papaioannou

18. Habsburg South Slavs in peace and war, 1912–1918

Rok Stergar

19. From Salonica to Belgrade: the emergence of Yugoslavia, 1917–1921

Dejan Djokić

PART IV: Southeastern European states and national politics, 1922–1939

Overview: the interwar decades from parliamentary struggles and international pressures to authoritarian regimes

John R. Lampe

20. Interwar ideas and images of nation, class, and gender

Balázs Trencsényi

21. Interwar women’s movements from the Little Entente to nationalism

Marijana Kardum

22. Interwar Greece: its generals, a republic, and the monarchy

Katerina Lagos

23. Bulgaria from Stamboliiski and IMRO to Tsar Boris, 1919–1943

Roumen Daskalov

24. The legion “Archangel Michael” in Romania, 1927–1941

Constantin Iordachi

25. Albania between Fan Noli, King Zog, and Italian hegemony

Robert C. Austin

26. The Croat Peasant Party: from Stjepan Radić to Vladko Maček

Mark Biondich

27. Serbia, Kosovo, and Macedonia from revolt and resettlement to repression

Vladan Jovanović

28. Yugoslav identity in the interwar period

Christian Axboe Nielsen

PART V: Economies and societies, 1878–1939

Overview: challenges of change. Economic and population growth, social and cultural transformations up to World War II

Ulf Brunnbauer

29. Demographic growth: patterns and problems, 1878–1939

Siegfried Gruber

30. Financing economic growth and facing foreign debt, 1878–1939

John R. Lampe

31. Modern manufacture, state support, and foreign investment: comparing Balkan textile industries, 1878–1939

Jelena Rafajlovi ć and John R. Lampe

32. Neighbors into foreigners: the Greeks in Bulgaria, 1878–1941

Theodora Dragostinova

33. Southeastern European overseas migration and return from the late nineteenth century until the 1930s

Ulf Brunnbauer

34. Eugenics and race in Southeastern Europe

Marius Turda

35. Sofia and Plovdiv between the world wars

Mary Neuburger

PART VI: From the Second World War to the establishment of the postwar regimes, 1939–1949

Overview: collaboration and occupation, resistance and civil war, regime change

John R. Lampe

36. The Albanian Communist Party from prewar origins to wartime resistance and power

Lejnar Mitrojorgji

37. Romania in the Second World War

Vladimir Solonari

38. The Ustaša regime and the politics of terror in the Independent State of Croatia, 1941–1945

Rory Yeomans

39. Partisans and Chetniks in occupied Yugoslavia

Heather Williams

40. An oppressive liberation: Yugoslavia 1944–1948

Zoran Janjetović

41. Greece from occupation and resistance to civil war, 1941–1949

Ioannis D. Stefanidis

PART VII: Cold War division and European transition, 1949–1989

Overview: communist regimes and the Greek exception

John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

42. The collectivization of agriculture in Southeastern Europe

Arnd Bauerkämper

43. The Soviet factor in Bulgaria’s foreign policy

Mihail Gruev

44. Enver Hoxha’s Albania: Yugoslav, Soviet, and Chinese relations and ruptures

Elidor Mëhilli

45. Ceauşescu’s National Communism as National Stalinism

Vladimir Tismaneanu and Marius Stan

46. Yugoslavia’s third way: the rise and fall of self-management

Vladimir Unkovski-Korica

47. Greece’s Cold War: exceptionalism in Southeastern Europe

Othon Anastasakis

48. Yugoslavia’s political endgame: Serbia and Slovenia in the 1980s

Jasna Dragović-Soso

49. Changes of social structure from the late 1940s to the 1980s

Ulf Brunnbauer

50. Financing industrialization, 1949–1989: from foreign aid to foreign debt

John R. Lampe

PART VIII: Epilogue

Epilogue: Southeastern Europe after the Cold War

John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

51. Yugoslavia’s wars of succession 1991–1999

Marie- Janine Calic

52. From foreign intervention to European integration: Southeastern Europe since 1989

Klaus Buchenau

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John R. Lampe is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Maryland, College Park and Global Europe Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC. He is the author of a dozen books, including two editions of both Balkans into Southeastern Europe and Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country.

Ulf Brunnbauer is Director of the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, Regensburg. He is also Professor of Southeast and East European History at the University of Regensburg. He is author and (co-)editor of more than twenty books, mostly on the history of Southeastern Europe since the nineteenth century, among them Globalizing Southeastern Europe: Emigrants, America and the State since the Late 19th Century (2016).