1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Balkan and Southeast European History

Edited By John R. Lampe, Ulf Brunnbauer Copyright 2021
    556 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    556 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Disentangling a controversial history of turmoil and progress, this Handbook provides essential guidance through the complex past of a region that was previously known as the Balkans but is now better known as Southeastern Europe. It gathers 47 international scholars and researchers from the region. They stand back from the premodern claims and recent controversies stirred by the wars of Yugoslavia’s dissolution.

    Parts I and II explore shifting early modern divisions among three empires to the national movements and independent states that intruded with Great Power intervention on Ottoman and Habsburg territory in the nineteenth century. Part III traces a full decade of war centered on the First World War, with forced migrations rivalling the great loss of life. Part IV addresses the interwar promise and the later authoritarian politics of five newly independent states: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, and Yugoslavia. Separate attention is paid in Part V to the spread of European economic and social features that had begun in the nineteenth century. The Second World War again cost the region dearly in death and destruction and, as noted in Part VI, in interethnic violence. A final set of chapters in Part VII examines postwar and Cold War experiences that varied among the four Communist regimes as well as for non-Communist Greece. Lastly, a brief Epilogue takes the narrative past 1989 into the uncertainties that persist in Yugoslavia’s successor states and its neighbors.

    Providing fresh analysis from recent scholarship, the brief and accessible chapters of the Handbook address the general reader as well as students and scholars. For further study, each chapter includes a short list of selected readings.

    Introductory overview: premodern borders and modern controversies

    John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

    PART I: The early modern Balkans as imperial borderlands

    Overview: the Balkans divided between three empires

    John R. Lampe

    1. Ottoman Albania and Kosovo, Albanians and Serbs, sixteenth–eighteenth centuries

    Oliver Jens Schmitt

    2. The Venetian- Ottoman borderland in Dalmatia

    Josip Vrandečić

    3. The Phanariot regime in the Romanian Principalities, 1711/ 1716–1821

    Constantin Iordachi

    4. Ottoman Bosnia and the Bosnian Muslims

    Leyla Amzi- Erdogdular

    PART II: Nation- and state- building, 1815–1914

    Overview: nations and states between changing borders and the Great Powers in the “long” nineteenth century

    John R. Lampe

    5. Nineteenth- century national identities in the Balkans: evolution and contention

    Diana Mishkova

    6. Bulgaria from liberation to independence, 1878–1908

    Roumen Daskalov

    7. Croatian political diversity and national development in the nineteenth century

    Iskra Iveljić

    8. Montenegro as an independent state, 1878–1912

    John D. Treadway

    9. The agrarian question in Romania, 1744–1921

    Constantin Iordachi

    10. Slovene clerical politics, cooperatives and the language question to 1914

    Gregor Kranjc

    11. Serbia’s promise and problems, 1903–1914

    Dubravka Stojanović

    12. The Macedonian question: asked and answered, 1878–1913

    Keith Brown

    13. Austria- Hungary and the Balkans

    Roumiana Preshlenova

    14. Bosnia- Herzegovina under Austria- Hungary: from occupation to assassination, 1878–1914

    Robert J. Donia

    PART III: The Balkan Wars and the First World War, 1912–1923

    Overview: armies and occupations, peace settlements and forced migrations

    John R. Lampe

    15. Bulgaria’s wars and defeats, 1912–1919

    Richard Hall

    16. After empire: the First World War and the question of Albanian independence

    Lejnar Mitrojorgji

    17. Greece from national expansion to schism and catastrophe, 1912–1922

    Stefan Papaioannou

    18. Habsburg South Slavs in peace and war, 1912–1918

    Rok Stergar

    19. From Salonica to Belgrade: the emergence of Yugoslavia, 1917–1921

    Dejan Djokić

    PART IV: Southeastern European states and national politics, 1922–1939

    Overview: the interwar decades from parliamentary struggles and international pressures to authoritarian regimes

    John R. Lampe

    20. Interwar ideas and images of nation, class, and gender

    Balázs Trencsényi

    21. Interwar women’s movements from the Little Entente to nationalism

    Marijana Kardum

    22. Interwar Greece: its generals, a republic, and the monarchy

    Katerina Lagos

    23. Bulgaria from Stamboliiski and IMRO to Tsar Boris, 1919–1943

    Roumen Daskalov

    24. The legion “Archangel Michael” in Romania, 1927–1941

    Constantin Iordachi

    25. Albania between Fan Noli, King Zog, and Italian hegemony

    Robert C. Austin

    26. The Croat Peasant Party: from Stjepan Radić to Vladko Maček

    Mark Biondich

    27. Serbia, Kosovo, and Macedonia from revolt and resettlement to repression

    Vladan Jovanović

    28. Yugoslav identity in the interwar period

    Christian Axboe Nielsen

    PART V: Economies and societies, 1878–1939

    Overview: challenges of change. Economic and population growth, social and cultural transformations up to World War II

    Ulf Brunnbauer

    29. Demographic growth: patterns and problems, 1878–1939

    Siegfried Gruber

    30. Financing economic growth and facing foreign debt, 1878–1939

    John R. Lampe

    31. Modern manufacture, state support, and foreign investment: comparing Balkan textile industries, 1878–1939

    Jelena Rafajlovi ć and John R. Lampe

    32. Neighbors into foreigners: the Greeks in Bulgaria, 1878–1941

    Theodora Dragostinova

    33. Southeastern European overseas migration and return from the late nineteenth century until the 1930s

    Ulf Brunnbauer

    34. Eugenics and race in Southeastern Europe

    Marius Turda

    35. Sofia and Plovdiv between the world wars

    Mary Neuburger

    PART VI: From the Second World War to the establishment of the postwar regimes, 1939–1949

    Overview: collaboration and occupation, resistance and civil war, regime change

    John R. Lampe

    36. The Albanian Communist Party from prewar origins to wartime resistance and power

    Lejnar Mitrojorgji

    37. Romania in the Second World War

    Vladimir Solonari

    38. The Ustaša regime and the politics of terror in the Independent State of Croatia, 1941–1945

    Rory Yeomans

    39. Partisans and Chetniks in occupied Yugoslavia

    Heather Williams

    40. An oppressive liberation: Yugoslavia 1944–1948

    Zoran Janjetović

    41. Greece from occupation and resistance to civil war, 1941–1949

    Ioannis D. Stefanidis

    PART VII: Cold War division and European transition, 1949–1989

    Overview: communist regimes and the Greek exception

    John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

    42. The collectivization of agriculture in Southeastern Europe

    Arnd Bauerkämper

    43. The Soviet factor in Bulgaria’s foreign policy

    Mihail Gruev

    44. Enver Hoxha’s Albania: Yugoslav, Soviet, and Chinese relations and ruptures

    Elidor Mëhilli

    45. Ceauşescu’s National Communism as National Stalinism

    Vladimir Tismaneanu and Marius Stan

    46. Yugoslavia’s third way: the rise and fall of self-management

    Vladimir Unkovski-Korica

    47. Greece’s Cold War: exceptionalism in Southeastern Europe

    Othon Anastasakis

    48. Yugoslavia’s political endgame: Serbia and Slovenia in the 1980s

    Jasna Dragović-Soso

    49. Changes of social structure from the late 1940s to the 1980s

    Ulf Brunnbauer

    50. Financing industrialization, 1949–1989: from foreign aid to foreign debt

    John R. Lampe

    PART VIII: Epilogue

    Epilogue: Southeastern Europe after the Cold War

    John R. Lampe and Ulf Brunnbauer

    51. Yugoslavia’s wars of succession 1991–1999

    Marie- Janine Calic

    52. From foreign intervention to European integration: Southeastern Europe since 1989

    Klaus Buchenau


    John R. Lampe is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Maryland, College Park and Global Europe Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC. He is the author of a dozen books, including two editions of both Balkans into Southeastern Europe and Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country.

    Ulf Brunnbauer is Director of the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, Regensburg. He is also Professor of Southeast and East European History at the University of Regensburg. He is author and (co-)editor of more than twenty books, mostly on the history of Southeastern Europe since the nineteenth century, among them Globalizing Southeastern Europe: Emigrants, America and the State since the Late 19th Century (2016).

    "The Routledge Handbook of Balkan and Southeast European History is a great guide to regional history for students, public workers, educators and interested members of the public." - Tereza Juhászová, Charles University, Slovansky prehled/Slavonic Review