536 pages | 60 B/W Illus.
This volume is the result of almost two decades of trans-Atlantic collaborative development of a policy research paradigm, the International Comparative Rural Policy Studies program. Over this period dozens of scientists from different disciplines but with a common interest in rural issues and policy have collaboratively studied the policies in the North America, Europe and other parts of the world.
A core element of the book is the idea and practice of comparative research and analysis – what can be learned from comparisons, how and why policies vary in different contexts; and what lessons might or might not be ‘transferable’ across borders. It provides skills for the use of comparative methods as important tools to analyze the functioning of strategies and specific policy interventions in different contexts and a holistic approach for the management of resources in rural regions. It promotes innovation as a tool to valorize endogenous resources and empower local communities and offers case studies of rural policy in specific contexts. The book largely adopts a territorial approach to rural policy. This means the book is more interested in rural regions, their people and economies and in the policies that affect them, than in rural sectors, and sectoral policies per se.
The audience of the book is by definition international and includes students attending courses in agricultural and rural policy, rural and regional studies, and natural resource management; lecturers seeking course material and case studies to present to their students in any of the courses listed above; professionals working in the field of rural policy; policy makers and civil servants at different levels seeking tools to better understand rural policy both at the local and global scale and to better recognize and comprehend how to transfer best practices.
Introduction SECTION 1 Introduction to comparative rural policy studies 1. What is rural? What is rural policy? What is rural development policy? 2. Comparing ruralities: the case of Canada and the United States 3. What is Rural: the historical evolution of rural typologies in Europe 4. A comparative rural profile across OECD member countries 5. Why comparative rural policy studies? Comparative theory and methods 6. Policy process theory for rural policy 7. Policy outcomes of decentralized public programs: implications for rural policy 8. Co-constructing rural futures: understanding place-based development and policy 9. Territorial capital in rural policy development SECTION 2 People and society 10. International migration: sustaining rural communities 11. Rural immigration and welcoming communities 12. The role of women in rural areas 13. Rural poverty in a comparative context 14. Understanding the dimension of ageing and old age in rural areas 15. Rural health and well-being: opportunities to be cultivated 16. Rural policy and the cultural construction of the Urban/Rural Divide in the United States and Europe SECTION 3 Resources and environment 17. Environmental policy: what are the options? 18. The inefficiency of resource policy as a mechanism to deliver rural policy 19. The water-energy-food-climate nexus 20. Governance of watershed in rural areas 21. Rethinking energy in agriculture and rural development 22. Conventional and alternative agri-food chains 23. Building sustainable regional food systems: policies and support 24. Food losses and their implication for the food supply chain 25. Fish as food: policies affecting food sovereignty for rural indigenous communities in North America 26. Public policies affecting community forest management in rural areas SECTION 4 Innovation 27. Social economy and entrepreneurship in rural areas 28. Grounded innovation in the rural bioeconomy 29. Innovation, broadband and community resilience 30. Climate change adaptation by farmers: the case of Nepal SECTION 5 Rural policy reviews 31. Rural policy in the United States 32. A review of Canadian rural policy 33. The evolution of rural policy in Europe 34. Rural policy in South East Europe SECTION 6 Comparative rural policy case studies 35. Peri-urban agriculture in Canada and France 36. A non-profit as a policy actor? A case study of the Breds Treasure Beach Foundation in Jamaica 37. Post-Soviet rural areas towards European integration: the difficult transition of Moldova 38. "Why local governments?" An ongoing debate in rural New Brunswick, Canada 39. A comparative case study of the Main Street Program in the United States 40. Community managed forestry in Palo Seco, Mexico 41. Land Ownership and land management policies in Norway and Scotland 42. Local policies addressing poverty and social exclusion in rural Spain during the recession 43. Integral mountain development in Spain: an historical review