2nd Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics

Edited By Anne O'Keeffe, Michael J. McCarthy Copyright 2022
    754 Pages 87 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics 2e provides an updated overview of a dynamic and rapidly growing area with a widely applied methodology. Over a decade on from the first edition of the Handbook, this collection of 47 chapters from experts in key areas offers a comprehensive introduction to both the development and use of corpora as well as their ever-evolving applications to other areas, such as digital humanities, sociolinguistics, stylistics, translation studies, materials design, language teaching and teacher development, media discourse, discourse analysis, forensic linguistics, second language acquisition and testing.

    The new edition updates all core chapters and includes new chapters on corpus linguistics and statistics, digital humanities, translation, phonetics and phonology, second language acquisition, social media and theoretical perspectives. Chapters provide annotated further reading lists and step-by-step guides as well as detailed overviews across a wide range of themes. The Handbook also includes a wealth of case studies that draw on some of the many new corpora and corpus tools that have emerged in the last decade.

    Organised across four themes, moving from the basic start-up topics such as corpus building and design to analysis, application and reflection, this second edition remains a crucial point of reference for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars in applied linguistics.

    List of Illustrations

    List of Contributors



    ‘Of what is past, or passing, or to come’: Corpus linguistics, changes and challenges

    Anne O'Keeffe and Michael McCarthy


    Section 1

    Building and designing a corpus: the basics



    Building a corpus: what are the key considerations?

    Randi Reppen


    Building a spoken corpus: what are the basics?

    Dawn Knight and Svenja Adolphs


    Building a written corpus: what are the basics?

    Tony McEnery and Gavin Brookes


    Building small specialised corpora

    Almut Koester


    Building a corpus to represent a variety of a language

    Brian Clancy


    Building a specialised audio-visual corpus

    Paul Thompson


    What corpora are available?

    Martin Weisser


    What can corpus software do?

    Laurence Anthony


    What are the basics of analysing a corpus?

    Christian Jones


    How can a corpus be used to explore patterns?

    Susan Hunston


    What can corpus software reveal about language development?

    Xiaofei Lu


    How to use statistics in quantitative corpus analysis?

    Stefan Th. Gries 


    Section 2

    Using a corpus to investigate language



    What can a corpus tell us about lexis?

    David Oakey


    What can a corpus tell us about multi-word units?

    Chris Greaves and Martin Warren


    What can a corpus tell us about grammar?

    Susan Conrad


    What can a corpus tell us about registers and genres?

    Bethany Gray


    What can a corpus tell us about discourse?

    Gerlinde Mautner


    What can a corpus tell us about pragmatics?

    Christoph Rühlemann


    What can a corpus tell us about phonetic and phonological variation?

    Alexandra Vella and Sarah Grech


    Section 3

    Corpora, Language Pedagogy and Language Acquisition



    What can a corpus tell us about language teaching?

    Winnie Cheng and Phoenix Lam


    What can corpora tell us about language learning? 

    Pascual Pérez-Paredes and Geraldine Mark


    What can CL tell us about second language acquisition?

    Ute Römer and Jamie Garner


    What can a corpus tell us about vocabulary teaching materials?

    Martha Jones and Philip Durrant


    What a corpus tells us about grammar teaching materials?

    Graham Burton


    Corpus-informed course book design

    Jeanne McCarten


    Using corpora to write dictionaries

    Geraint Rees


    What can corpora tell us about English for Academic Purposes?

    Oliver Balance and Averil Coxhead


    What is data-driven learning?

    Angela Chambers


    Using data-driven learning in language teaching

    Gaëtanelle Gilquin and Sylviane Granger


    Using corpora for writing instruction

    Lynne Flowerdew


    How can corpora be used in teacher education?

    Fiona Farr


    How can teachers use a corpus for their own research?

    Elaine Vaughan


    Section 4

    Corpora and Applied Research



    How to use corpora for translation

    Silvia Bernardini


    Using corpus linguistics to explore the language of poetry: a stylometric approach to Yeats’ poems

    Dan McIntyre and Brian Walker


    Using corpus linguistics to explore literary speech representation: non-standard language in fiction

    Carolina P. Amador-Moreno and Ana Mª Terrazas-Calero


    Exploring narrative fiction: corpora and digital humanities projects

    Michaela Mahlberg and Viola Wiegand


    Corpora and the language of films: exploring dialogue in English and Italian

    Maria Pavesi


    How to use corpus linguistics in sociolinguistics: a case study of modal verb use, age and change over time

    Paul Baker and Frazer Heritage


    Corpus linguistics in the study of news media

    Anna Marchi


    How to use corpus linguistics in forensic linguistics

    Mathew Gillings


    Corpus linguistics in the study of political discourse: recent directions

    Charlotte Taylor


    Corpus linguistics and health communication: Using corpora to examine the representation of health and illness

    Gavin Brookes, Sarah Atkins and Kevin Harvey


    Corpus linguistics and intercultural communication: avoiding the essentialist trap

    Mike Handford


    Corpora in language testing: developments, challenges and opportunities

    Sara Cushing


    Corpus linguistics and the study of social media: a case study using multi-dimensional analysis

    Tony Berber Sardinha


    Posthumanism and corpus linguistics

    Kieran O'Halloran



    Anne O’Keeffe is Senior Lecturer at MIC, University of Limerick, Ireland. Her publications include the titles From Corpus to Classroom (2007), English Grammar Today (2011), Introducing Pragmatics in Use (2nd edition 2020) and as co-editor The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics (1st edition 2010). With Geraldine Mark, she was co-Principal Investigator of the English Grammar Profile. She is co-editor, with Michael J. McCarthy, of two book series: The Routledge Corpus Linguistics Guides and The Routledge Applied Corpus Linguistics.

    Michael J. McCarthy is Emeritus Professor of Applied Linguistics, University of Nottingham. He is (co)author/(co)editor of 57 books, including Touchstone, Viewpoint, The Cambridge Grammar of English, English Grammar Today, From Corpus to Classroom, Innovations and Challenge in Grammar and titles in the English Vocabulary in Use series. He is author/co-author of 120 academic papers. He was co-founder of the CANCODE and CANBEC spoken English corpora projects. His recent research has focused on spoken grammar. He has taught in the UK, Europe and Asia and has been involved in language teaching and applied linguistics for 55 years.


    This outstanding volume manages to be three things at once: a manual on how to ‘do’ corpus linguistics; a showcase of the state of the art in corpus linguistics and its wide range of applications; and a source of new insights and research directions. As such, it will be a major point of reference for budding and seasoned corpus linguists for many years to come.

    Elena Semino, Lancaster University, UK

    In this upgraded second version, the editors seek to update the development of many new corpora and corpus tools that have emerged in the last decade, especially based on the evidence from “corpus linguistics and statistics, digital humanities, translation, phonetics and phonology, second language acquisition, social media and theoretical perspectives” (p. i). Consequently, this book can be considered as one of the latest references on corpus methodology that is a must-read for both graduates and scholars interested in exercising corpus methodology in their professional careers.

    Chenghui Wu, Springer Journals