The enormous financial cost of criminal justice has motivated increased scrutiny and recognition of the need for constructive change, but what of the ethical costs of current practices and policies? Moreover, if we seriously value the principles of liberal democracy then there is no question that the ethics of criminal justice are everybody’s business, concerns for the entire society. The Routledge Handbook of Criminal Justice Ethics brings together international scholars to explore the most significant ethical issues throughout their many areas of expertise, anchoring their discussions in the empirical realities of the issues faced rather than applying moral theory at a distance. Contributions from philosophers, legal scholars, criminologists and psychologists bring a fresh and interdisciplinary approach to the field.
The Handbook is divided into three parts:
- Part I addresses the core issues concerning criminal sanction, the moral and political aspects of the justification of punishment, and the relationship between law and morality.
- Part II examines criminalization and criminal liability, and the assumptions and attitudes shaping those aspects of contemporary criminal justice.
- Part III evaluates current policies and practices of criminal procedure, exploring the roles of police, prosecutors, judges, and juries and suggesting directions for revising how criminal justice is achieved.
Throughout, scholars seek pathways for change and suggest new solutions to address the central concerns of criminal justice ethics.
This book is an ideal resource for upper-undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in criminal justice ethics, criminology, and criminal justice theory, and also for students of philosophy interested in punishment, law and society, and law and ethics.
Table of Contents
Editors’ Preface (Jonathan Jacobs, Jonathan Jackson)
Handbook Introduction (John Kleinig)
Part I: Morality, Law, and Criminal Justice
1. The Ethics of Recidivist Premiums (Richard L. Lippke)
2. Last Words on Retribution (Jeffrie Murphy)
3. Crime, Morality, and Republicanism (Richard Dagger)
4. Resentment, Punitiveness, and Forgiveness: An Exploration of the Moral Psychology of Punishment (Jonathan Jacobs)
5. Eco-Justice and the Moral Fissures of Green Criminology (Rob White)
6. Neurointerventions as Criminal Rehabilitation: An Ethical Review (Thomas Douglas and Jonathan Pugh)
Part II: Criminalization, Decriminalization, and Punishment
7. Retributive Desert and Deterrence: How Both Cohere in a Single Justification of Punishment (Douglas Husak)
8. The Ethics of Criminalisation: Intentions and Consequences (Jill Peay and Elaine Player)
9. De-moralising Retributivism: Agency, Blame and Humanity in Criminal Law Theory and Practice (Matt Matravers)
10. Justice, But Not As ‘We’ Know It: Pre-Crime, Pre-emption, and Ethics (Sandra Walklate and Gabe Mythen)
11. The Moral Psychology of Penal Populism (Leonidas K. Cheliotis and Sappho Xenakis)
12. The Retribution Heuristic (Mark Fondacaro and Stephen Koppel)
13. Punishment and Forgiveness (Brandon Warmke and Justin Tosi)
Part III: Institutions, Policies, and Practices
14. Enabling and Constraining Police Power: On the Moral Regulation of Policing (Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson)
15. Agency Slack and the Design of Criminal Justice Institutions (Aziz Huq)
16. Mercy and the Roles of Judges (Adam Perry)
17. The Ethics of Innovation in Criminal Justice (Hannah Graham and Rob White)
18. Deliberating Racial Justice: Towards Racially Democratic Crime Control (Geoff Ward and Peter Hanink)
19. Fetishizing the Will in Juvenile Justice, Policy, and Practice (Alexandra Cox)
20. The Moral Justification for the Police Use of Lethal Force (Seumas Miller)
21. Ethical perspectives on interrogation: An analysis of contemporary techniques (Maria Hartwig, Timothy Luke and Michael Skerker)
22. The Moral Ecology of Policing: A Mind Science Approach to Race and Policing in the United States (Phil Goff and Rachel Godsil)
23. Hunting Gruffalo with a Blunderbuss: On the Ethics of Constructing and Responding to English Youth Gangs (Jon Shute)
Jonathan Jacobs is Professor, Presidential Scholar, Chair of Philosophy, and Director for the Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics at John Jay College, and editor of the journal, Criminal Justice Ethics.
Jonathan Jackson is Professor of Research Methodology at the London School of Economics & Political Science and an editor of the British Journal of Criminology.