This handbook comprehensively defines and shapes the field of Critical European Union Studies, sets the research agenda and highlights emerging areas of study. Bringing together critical analyses of European Union politics, policies and processes with an expert range of contributors, it overcomes disciplinary borders and paradigms and addresses four main thematic areas pertaining to the study of the European Union and its policies:
• Critical approaches to European integration;
• Critical approaches to European political economy;
• Critical approaches to the EU’s internal security;
• Critical approaches to the EU’s external relations and foreign affairs.
In their contributions to this volume, the authors take a sympathetic yet critical approach to the European integration process and the present structures of the European Union. Furthermore, the book provides graduate students and faculty with ideas for future research activity and introduces critical analyses rooted in a broad spectrum of theoretical perspectives.
The Routledge Handbook of Critical European Union Studies will be an essential reference for scholars, students, researchers and practitioners interested and working in the fields of EU politics/studies, European integration, European political economy and public policy, EU foreign policy, EU freedom of movement and security practices, and more broadly in international relations, the wider social sciences and humanities.
Table of Contents
Critical European Studies: An Introduction
Yannis A. Stivachtis
PART I: Critical Theoretical Approaches to European Integration
Introduction: Towards a Critical Theorising of European Integration
1. Historical Materialism and European integration
Andreas Bieler and Jokubas Salyga
2. Justifying Democracy in the European Union: Reasoning with Habermas against Habermas
Erik O. Eriksen
3. Discursive Approaches
4. Governmentality Approaches
6. Critical Geopolitics
Veit Bachmann and Luiza Bialasiewicz
7. Practice Approaches
8. Gender Approaches
Gabriele Abels and Heather MacRae
9. The European Union and Global Political Justice
10. Critical Social Theory Approaches to European Integration
PART II: Critical Approaches to European Political Economy
Introduction: Critical Political Economy and European Integration
11. Capitalist Diversity in Europe
12. European Economic Governance: A Feminist Perspective
13. The Market as Norm – the Governmentality of State Aid Regulation
14. Financialisation, Crisis and Austerity as the Distribution of Harm
Johnna Montgomerie and Daniela Tepe-Belfrage
15. Gendering the Political Economy of the European Social Model
16. Uneven Development in the EU: Processes of Core-Periphery Relations
Joachim Becker, Rudy Weissenbacher and Johannes Jäger
17. Critical Political Economy and the Free Movement of People in the EU
18. Discourse Theory as a Novel Approach for Research on EU trade Policy
Thomas Jacobs and Jan Orbie
PART III: Critical Approaches to European Union’s Internal Security
Introduction: European Internal Security: A Pharmakon Producing Security, Unease, Insecurity and Violence?
19. The Genesis of Free Movement of Persons in the EU: Why and for Whom?
20. The EU’s So-Called Mediterranean Refugee Crisis: A Governmentality of Unease in a Teacup
21. Visa Policies and Their Effects: Preventing Mobility?
22. Inside-Out? Trajectories, Spaces and Politics of EU Internal (In)Security and its External Dimension
23. External Security Logics and the Pursuit of Internal Security in Europe
Raphael Bossong and Mark Rhinard
24. The European Security Industry: Technocratic Politics, Internal Security Cooperation, and the Emergence of Military R&D in the EU
25. The European Union and "Foreign Terrorist Fighters": Disciplining Irreformable Radicals?
Francesco Ragazzi and Josh Walmsey
26. Interoperability: A Political Technology for the Datafication of the Field of EU Internal Security?
27. Governance by arbitrariness at the EU Border: Trajectory Ethnographies of Illegalized Migrants.
PART IV: Critical Approaches to European Union’s External Relations and Foreign Affairs
Introduction: The "Critical" in EU’s Foreign Policy and External Relations
28. Unravelling the Subjects and Objects of EU External Migration Law
29. Indispensable, Interdependent or Independent? A Critical Analysis of Transatlantic Relations
30. A Poulantzasian Perspective on EU Foreign Policy
31. EULEX Kosovo: A Status-Neutral and Technical Mission?
32. Rethinking EU Enlargement: Pastoral Power, Ambivalence and the Case of Turkey
Dan Bulley and David Phinnemore
33. The EU's Development Policy: Forging Relations of Dependence?
Mark Langan and Sophia Price
34. Critical Perspectives on Africa’s Relationship with the European Union
35. An Alternative Reading of EU Foreign Policy Administration
36. A Clash of Hybrid Exceptionalisms in EU-Russia Relations
Didier Bigo is Professor of International Political Sociology at Sciences-Po Paris-CERI, France, and part-time Professor at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, UK.
Thomas Diez is Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Tübingen, Germany.
Evangelos Fanoulis is Lecturer in International Relations at Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China.
Ben Rosamond is Professor of Political Science at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Yannis A. Stivachtis is Professor of Political Science, Jean Monnet Chair, and Director of the International Studies Program at Virginia Tech, USA.
"This handbook brings together an unprecedented number of experts in the emerging field of critical European Union studies. Their contributions collectively provide a masterful synthesis of critical theoretical approaches, as well as an insightful analysis of the most salient aspects of EU policies, politics and processes in varied issue areas. Employing rigorous research designs and comprehensive empirical evidence, the authors perfectly illustrate how critical studies can revamp EU studies and provide a novel, sophisticated understanding of European integration."
Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia, Rutgers University, USA; Sciences Po Paris, France
"Masterly architectured, this volume invites readers to take on insightfully engaging journeys, navigating them into the critical ‘pluriverse’ of EU theorizing. A reflectively seminal offering; to use a Greek word, a ‘spondȇ’ – libation – to the field!"
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
"This is a most welcome and comprehensive book by a stellar team of editors and contributors. Acknowledging at a challenging juncture, normative concerns and impositions of power as well as a marginalising impact, the team offers analytical power and to marginalise both apologetic and toxic destructive theory and practice."
Knud Erik Jørgensen, Aarhus University, Denmark
"Call it analytical tough love or a paradoxical mainstreaming of critical European studies, this truly impressive handbook stands as an unprecedented achievement, a unique tapestry of critical threads. Lucky readers can at last weave these threads together thanks to a brilliant team of editors and contributors, committed to emancipation from the dark side of our modernity as the ultimate goal of the knowledge we produce."
Kalypso Nicolaïdis, University of Oxford, UK
"This is an exceptional contribution to our understanding of contemporary Europe. Much more than a handbook, it shows how Europe’s most creative analysts have tried to understand its most unpredictable dynamics. Both appreciative and sceptical, elegantly conceived and diagnostically incisive, it exposes a Europe that far exceeds the usual clichés of nationalism and integration."
R.B.J. Walker, University of Victoria, Canada
"With the process of European integration at a critical historical juncture, this Handbook of 'Critical' analyses could not come at a better time. A remarkably valuable and wide-ranging contribution, and an essential guide for understanding some of the key issues of our time."
Michael C. Williams, University of Ottawa, Canada