The Routledge Handbook of Cultural Tourism explores and critically evaluates the debates and controversies in this field of Tourism. It brings together leading specialists from a range of disciplinary backgrounds and geographical regions, to provide state-of-the-art theoretical reflection and empirical research on this significant stream of tourism and its future direction.
The book is divided into 7 inter-related sections. Section 1 looks at the historical, philosophical and theoretical framework for cultural tourism. This section debates tourist autonomy role play, authenticity, imaginaries, cross-cultural issues and inter-disciplinarity Section 2 analyses the role that politics takes in cultural tourism. This section also looks at ways in which cultural tourism is used as a policy instrument for economic development. Section 3 focuses on social patterns and trends, such as the mobilities paradigm, performativity, reflexivity and traditional hospitality, as well as considering sensitive social issues such as dark tourism. Section 4 analyses community and development, exploring adaptive forms of cultural tourism, as well as more sustainble models for indigenous tourism development. Section 5 discusses Landscapes and Destinations, including the transformation of space into place, issues of authenticity in landscape, the transformation of urban and rural landscapes into tourism products and conservation versus development dilemmas. Section 6 refers to Regeneration and Planning, especially the creative turn in cultural tourism, which can be used to avoid problems of serial reproduction, standardisation and homogenisation. Section 7 deals with The Tourist and Visitor Experience, emphasising the desire of tourists to be more actively and interactively engaged in cultural tourism.
This significant volume offers the reader a comprehensive synthesis of this field, conveying the latest thinking and research. The text is international in focus, encouraging dialogue across disciplinary boundaries and areas of study and will be an invaluable resource for all those with an interest in Cultural Tourism.
This is essential reading for students, researchers and academics of Tourism as well as those of related studies in particular Cultural Studies, Leisure, Geography, Sociology, Politics and Economics.
Table of Contents
Introduction Section One: History Philosophy and Theory 1. The Nineteenth Century ‘Golden Age’ of Cultural Tourism: How the Beaten Track of the Intellectuals became the Modern Tourist Trail 2. Cultivated Pursuits: Cultural tourism as Metempsychosis and Metensomatosis 3. Talking Tourists: The Intimacies of Inter-cultural Dialogue 4. The (Im)mobility of Tourism Imaginaries 5. Reflections on Globalization and Cultural Tourism 6. Philosophy and the Nature of the Authentic 7. The Multilogical Imagination: Tourism Studies and the Imperative for Postdisciplinary Knowing Section Two: Politics, Policy and Economics 8. Tourism Policy Challenges: Balancing Acts, Co-operative Stakeholders and Maintaining Authenticity 9. Co-operation as a Central Element of Cultural Tourism: A German Perspective 10. Territory, Culture, Nationalism, and the Politics of Place 11. Cultural Lessons: the Case of Portuguese Tourism during Estado Novo 12. The Establishment of National Heritage Tourism: Celebrations for the 150th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy 13. Potential Methods for Measuring Economic Impacts of Cultural Tourism 14. The Economic Impacts of Cultural Tourism 15. The Economic Value of Cultural Tourism: Determinants of Cultural Tourists’ Expenditures 16. Can the Value Chain of a Cultural Tourism Destination be Measured? Section Three: Social Patterns and Trends 17. Cultural Tourism and the Mobilities Paradigm 18. Erasmus Students – the ‘Ambassadors’ of Cultural Tourism 19. Performing and Recording Culture: Reflexivity in Tourism Research 20. Cosmopolitanism and Hospitality 21. Hospitality 22. A Darker Type of Cultural Tourism 23. Tattoo Tourism in the Contemporary West and in Thailand Section Four: Community and Development 24. Tourism, Anthropology and Cultural Configuration Souvenirs and Cultural Tourism 25. Documenting Culture through Film in Touristic Settings 26. Understanding Indigenous Tourism 27. Indigenous Tourism and the Challenge of Sustainability 28. Maori Tourism: A Case Study of Managing Indigenous Cultural Values 29. Social Entrepreneurship and Cultural Tourism in Developing Economies Section Five: Landscapes and Destinations 30. Space and Place-making Space, Culture and Tourism 31. The Development of the Historic Landscape as a Cultural Tourism Product 32. Finding a Place for Heritage in South East Asian cities 33. Campus Tourism, Universities and Destination Development 34. Cultural Heritage Resources of Traditional Agricultural Landscapes – Inspired by Chinese Experiences 35. Special Interest Cultural Tourism Products: The Case of Gyimes in Transylvania Section Six: Regeneration and Planning 36. Tourism Development Trajectories- From Culture to Creativity? 37. Critiquing Creativity in Tourism 38. Cultural Tourism Development in the Post-Industrial City: Development Strategies and Critical Reflection 39. After the Crisis: Cultural Tourism and Urban Regeneration in Europe 40. From the Dual Tourist City to the Creative Melting Pot: the Liquid Geographies of Global Cultural Consumption 41. Regeneration and Cultural Quarters: Changing Urban Cultural Space 42. ‘Ethnic Quarters’: Exotic Islands of Trans-national Hotbeds of Innovation? 43. Ethnic Tourism: Who is Exotic for Whom? Section Seven: The Tourist and Visitor Experience 44. The Tactical Tourist – Growing Self-awareness and Challenging the Strategists: Visitor Groups in Berlin 45. Cultural Routes, Trails and the Experience of Place 46. Cultural Value Perception in the Memorable Tourism Experience 47. An Experiential Approach to Differentiating Tourism Offers in Cultural Heritage 48. Visitor Experiences in Cultural Spaces 49. Engaging with Generation Y at Museums Conclusions and Future Directions for Cultural Tourism Research
Melanie Smith is an Associate Professor and Researcher in Tourism at the Budapest Business School in Hungary.
Greg Richards is Professor in Leisure Studies at Tilburg University and Professor in Events at NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences in the Netherlands
Featured Author Profiles
The phenomenon of cultural tourism is vast and multidimensional. This sophisticated volume tackles and elucidates nearly every point of discussion and debate currently taking place in this important subfield of tourism studies. This superb compilation of essays is groundbreaking in its topical coverage and global scope. Its editors and contributing authors are among the brightest thinkers in the field, and this collection extends their intellectual influence even further. This handbook is an absolute necessity for all scholars who are interested in tourism and cultural studies.
— Professor Dallen J. Timothy, School of Community Resources and Development, Arizona State University, US
The editors should be commended on producing such an excellent handbook that addresses the key issues and challenges within cultural tourism today, involving established and emergent scholars in the field. It is not designed as an encyclopedia of cultural tourism but rather offers debate around a select number of topics which will be relevance to students, academics, policy makers, and practitioners interested in cultural tourism.
— Professor Stephen Boyd, University of Ulster
Melanie Smith and Greg Richards' cultural tourism handbook is an impressive volume, featuring no fewer than 50 chapters on a variety of issues that range from calculating the economic impacts of cultural tourism, to exploring the visitor experience, to understanding how this phenomenom unfolds in the context of differnet land- and ethno-scapes... Highlights of the book are too numerous to fully mention...
— Kellee Caton, Thompson Rivers University, Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change