1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching

Edited By Graham Hall Copyright 2016
    610 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    610 Pages
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching is the definitive reference volume for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students of Applied Linguistics, ELT/TESOL, and Language Teacher Education, and for ELT professionals engaged in in-service teacher development and/or undertaking academic study.

    Progressing from ‘broader’ contextual issues to a ‘narrower’ focus on classrooms and classroom discourse, the volume’s interrelated themes focus on:

    • ELT in the world: contexts and goals

    • planning and organising ELT: curriculum, resources and settings

    • methods and methodology: perspectives and practices

    • second language learning and learners

    • teaching language: knowledge, skills and pedagogy

    • understanding the language classroom.

    The Handbook’s 39 chapters are written by leading figures in ELT from around the world. Mindful of the diverse pedagogical, institutional and social contexts for ELT, they convincingly present the key issues, areas of debate and dispute, and likely future developments in ELT from an applied linguistics perspective.

    Throughout the volume, readers are encouraged to develop their own thinking and practice in contextually appropriate ways, assisted by discussion questions and suggestions for further reading that accompany every chapter.

    List of tables and figures


    List of contributors

    Introduction: English language teaching in the contemporary world

    Graham Hall

    PART I

    ELT in the world: contexts and goals

    1 World Englishes and English as a Lingua Franca: a changing

    context for ELT

    Philip Seargeant

    2 Politics, power relationships and ELT

    Alastair Pennycook

    3 Language and culture in ELT

    Claire Kramsch and Zhu Hua

    4 ‘Native speakers’, English and ELT: changing perspectives

    Enric Llurda

    5 Educational perspectives on ELT: society and the individual;

    traditional, progressive and transformative

    Graham Crookes



    Planning and organising ELT: curriculum, resources

    and settings

    6 Language curriculum design: possibilities and realities

    Kathleen Graves

    7 ELT materials: claims, critiques and controversies

    John Gray

    8 Dealing with the demands of language testing and assessment

    Glenn Fulcher and Nathaniel Owen

    9 Language teacher education

    Karen E. Johnson

    10 New technologies, blended learning and the ‘flipped classroom’

    in ELT

    Paul Gruba, Don Hinkelman and Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

    11 English for specific purposes

    Sue Starfield

    12 English for academic purposes

    Helen Basturkmen and Rosemary Wette

    13 English for speakers of other languages: language education

    and migration

    James Simpson

    14 Bilingual education in a multilingual world

    Kevin S. Carroll and Mary Carol Combs



    Methods and methodology: perspectives and practices

    15 Method, methods and methodology: historical trends and

    current debates

    Graham Hall

    16 Communicative language teaching in theory and practice

    Scott Thornbury

    17 Task-based language teaching

    Kris Van den Branden

    18 Content and language integrated learning

    Tom Morton

    19 Appropriate methodology: towards a cosmopolitan approach

    Adrian Holliday



    Second language learning and learners

    20 Cognitive perspectives on classroom language learning

    Laura Collins and Emma Marsden

    21 Sociocultural theory and the language classroom

    Eduardo Negueruela-Azarola and Próspero N. García

    22 Individual differences

    Peter D. MacIntyre, Tammy Gregersen and Richard Clément

    23 Motivation

    Martin Lamb

    24 Learner autonomy

    Phil Benson

    25 Primary ELT: issues and trends

    Janet Enever

    26 Secondary ELT: issues and trends

    Annamaria Pinter


    PART V

    Teaching language: knowledge, skills and pedagogy

    27 Corpora in ELT

    Ana Frankenberg-Garcia

    28 Language Awareness

    Agneta M-L. Svalberg

    29 Teaching language as a system

    Dilin Liu and Robert Nelson

    30 Teaching language skills

    Jonathan Newton

    31 Teaching literacy

    Amos Paran and Catherine Wallace

    32 Using literature in ELT

    Geoff Hall



    Focus on the language classroom

    33 Complexity and language teaching

    Sarah Mercer

    34 Classroom talk, interaction and collaboration

    Steve Walsh and Li Li

    35 Errors, corrective feedback and repair: variations and

    learning outcomes

    Alison Mackey, Hae In Park and Kaitlyn M. Tagarelli

    36 Questioning ‘English-only’ classrooms: own-language use in ELT

    Philip Kerr

    37 Teaching large classes in difficult circumstances

    Fauzia Shamim and Kuchah Kuchah

    38 Computer-mediated communication and language learning

    Richard Kern, Paige Ware and Mark Warschauer

    39 Values in the ELT classroom

    Julia Menard-Warwick, Miki Mori, Anna Reznik and Daniel Moglen




    Graham Hall is Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL at Northumbria University, UK. He is author of Exploring English Language Teaching: Language in Action  (2011; 2nd edition, 2017), which was the winner of the 2012 British Association for Applied Linguistics (BAAL) book prize. He was editor of ELT Journal from 2013-17.

    'English language teaching (ELT) is now an immensely complex field of research and practice. This volume admirably captures the scope of the major themes that must now underpin informed ELT. Researchers, teacher educators and teachers alike will gain immensely from being able to refer to such a comprehensive and authoritative collection.' Anne Burns, University of New South Wales, Australia


    'Suitable for all readers looking to enhance their academic, professional and practical skills, this eclectic collection will provide much-needed material and inspiration.' Maja Milatovic, ANU College, Canberra, Australia, English Australia Journal


    '... it will also no doubt, stimulate professional and academic reflection on the key issues facing ELT. I for one will be certainly using this Handbook with my post-graduate students although even undergraduates in the field of language would benefit considerably.' J.A. Foley, Assumption University, Thailand

    'The editor of the volume has lined up an impressive array of accomplished scholars to help him do justice to the formidable task he has set himself to do. And, to be sure, the outcome is a truly great volume of papers of encyclopedic proportions that provides the reader with an up-to-date survey of key areas of research, both historically and currently of interest, to myriads of ELT professionals as well as other interested researchers in the field of applied linguistics.' Kanavillil Rajagopalan, Word

    "... there is a lot that is edgy, informative, enlightening— and challenging. I especially like the discussion questions, related topics and further readings sections which, together with the references, end each article. This makes this ‘handbook’ a fantastic jumping-off point for further study and connection-making."

    Jeremy Harmer, ELT Journal, Volume 73, Issue 3, July 2019