The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching

Edited By

Graham Hall

ISBN 9780415747394
Published May 25, 2016 by Routledge
610 Pages

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Book Description

The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching is the definitive reference volume for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students of Applied Linguistics, ELT/TESOL, and Language Teacher Education, and for ELT professionals engaged in in-service teacher development and/or undertaking academic study.

Progressing from ‘broader’ contextual issues to a ‘narrower’ focus on classrooms and classroom discourse, the volume’s interrelated themes focus on:

• ELT in the world: contexts and goals

• planning and organising ELT: curriculum, resources and settings

• methods and methodology: perspectives and practices

• second language learning and learners

• teaching language: knowledge, skills and pedagogy

• understanding the language classroom.

The Handbook’s 39 chapters are written by leading figures in ELT from around the world. Mindful of the diverse pedagogical, institutional and social contexts for ELT, they convincingly present the key issues, areas of debate and dispute, and likely future developments in ELT from an applied linguistics perspective.

Throughout the volume, readers are encouraged to develop their own thinking and practice in contextually appropriate ways, assisted by discussion questions and suggestions for further reading that accompany every chapter.

Table of Contents

List of tables and figures


List of contributors

Introduction: English language teaching in the contemporary world

Graham Hall


ELT in the world: contexts and goals

1 World Englishes and English as a Lingua Franca: a changing

context for ELT

Philip Seargeant

2 Politics, power relationships and ELT

Alastair Pennycook

3 Language and culture in ELT

Claire Kramsch and Zhu Hua

4 ‘Native speakers’, English and ELT: changing perspectives

Enric Llurda

5 Educational perspectives on ELT: society and the individual;

traditional, progressive and transformative

Graham Crookes



Planning and organising ELT: curriculum, resources

and settings

6 Language curriculum design: possibilities and realities

Kathleen Graves

7 ELT materials: claims, critiques and controversies

John Gray

8 Dealing with the demands of language testing and assessment

Glenn Fulcher and Nathaniel Owen

9 Language teacher education

Karen E. Johnson

10 New technologies, blended learning and the ‘flipped classroom’

in ELT

Paul Gruba, Don Hinkelman and Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

11 English for specific purposes

Sue Starfield

12 English for academic purposes

Helen Basturkmen and Rosemary Wette

13 English for speakers of other languages: language education

and migration

James Simpson

14 Bilingual education in a multilingual world

Kevin S. Carroll and Mary Carol Combs



Methods and methodology: perspectives and practices

15 Method, methods and methodology: historical trends and

current debates

Graham Hall

16 Communicative language teaching in theory and practice

Scott Thornbury

17 Task-based language teaching

Kris Van den Branden

18 Content and language integrated learning

Tom Morton

19 Appropriate methodology: towards a cosmopolitan approach

Adrian Holliday



Second language learning and learners

20 Cognitive perspectives on classroom language learning

Laura Collins and Emma Marsden

21 Sociocultural theory and the language classroom

Eduardo Negueruela-Azarola and Próspero N. García

22 Individual differences

Peter D. MacIntyre, Tammy Gregersen and Richard Clément

23 Motivation

Martin Lamb

24 Learner autonomy

Phil Benson

25 Primary ELT: issues and trends

Janet Enever

26 Secondary ELT: issues and trends

Annamaria Pinter



Teaching language: knowledge, skills and pedagogy

27 Corpora in ELT

Ana Frankenberg-Garcia

28 Language Awareness

Agneta M-L. Svalberg

29 Teaching language as a system

Dilin Liu and Robert Nelson

30 Teaching language skills

Jonathan Newton

31 Teaching literacy

Amos Paran and Catherine Wallace

32 Using literature in ELT

Geoff Hall



Focus on the language classroom

33 Complexity and language teaching

Sarah Mercer

34 Classroom talk, interaction and collaboration

Steve Walsh and Li Li

35 Errors, corrective feedback and repair: variations and

learning outcomes

Alison Mackey, Hae In Park and Kaitlyn M. Tagarelli

36 Questioning ‘English-only’ classrooms: own-language use in ELT

Philip Kerr

37 Teaching large classes in difficult circumstances

Fauzia Shamim and Kuchah Kuchah

38 Computer-mediated communication and language learning

Richard Kern, Paige Ware and Mark Warschauer

39 Values in the ELT classroom

Julia Menard-Warwick, Miki Mori, Anna Reznik and Daniel Moglen



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Graham Hall is Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics/TESOL at Northumbria University, UK. He is author of Exploring English Language Teaching: Language in Action  (2011; 2nd edition, 2017), which was the winner of the 2012 British Association for Applied Linguistics (BAAL) book prize. He was editor of ELT Journal from 2013-17.


'English language teaching (ELT) is now an immensely complex field of research and practice. This volume admirably captures the scope of the major themes that must now underpin informed ELT. Researchers, teacher educators and teachers alike will gain immensely from being able to refer to such a comprehensive and authoritative collection.' Anne Burns, University of New South Wales, Australia


'Suitable for all readers looking to enhance their academic, professional and practical skills, this eclectic collection will provide much-needed material and inspiration.' Maja Milatovic, ANU College, Canberra, Australia, English Australia Journal


'... it will also no doubt, stimulate professional and academic reflection on the key issues facing ELT. I for one will be certainly using this Handbook with my post-graduate students although even undergraduates in the field of language would benefit considerably.' J.A. Foley, Assumption University, Thailand

'The editor of the volume has lined up an impressive array of accomplished scholars to help him do justice to the formidable task he has set himself to do. And, to be sure, the outcome is a truly great volume of papers of encyclopedic proportions that provides the reader with an up-to-date survey of key areas of research, both historically and currently of interest, to myriads of ELT professionals as well as other interested researchers in the field of applied linguistics.' Kanavillil Rajagopalan, Word

"... there is a lot that is edgy, informative, enlightening— and challenging. I especially like the discussion questions, related topics and further readings sections which, together with the references, end each article. This makes this ‘handbook’ a fantastic jumping-off point for further study and connection-making."

Jeremy Harmer, ELT Journal, Volume 73, Issue 3, July 2019