© 2018 – Routledge
528 pages | 37 B/W Illus.
Since the advent of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, a key turning point in terms of the crystallization of opposition towards the EU, Euroscepticism has become a transnational phenomenon. The term ‘Euroscepticism’ has become common political language in all EU member states and with the advent of the Eurozone, refugee and security crises increasingly ‘embedded’ within European nation states.
Bringing together a collection of essays by established and up-and-coming authors in the field, this handbook paints a fuller, more holistic picture of the extent to which the Eurosceptic debate has influenced the EU and its member states. Crucially, it also focuses on what the consequences of this development are likely to be for the future direction of the European project. By adopting a broad-based, thematic approach, the volume will centre on theory and conceptualisation, political parties, public opinion, non-party groups, the role of referenda - and the media - and of scepticism within the EU institutions. It also reflects on the future of Euroscepticism studies following the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union.
Containing a full range of thematic contributions from eminent scholars in the field and contributions from EU practitioners closely involved in the current debate about the future of the EU, The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism is a definitive, frame of reference for academics, practitioners and those with an interest in the debate about the EU, and more broadly to students of European Studies, EU and European Politics.
Part I: Euroscepticism: Theory and Conceptualisation
1. Introduction: Euroscepticism: From a Broad Concept to a Field of Study
[Benjamin Leruth, Nicholas Startin and Simon Usherwood]
2. Contemporary Research on Euroscepticism: The State of the Art
[Aleks Szczerbiak and Paul Taggart]
3. Theory, Concepts and Research Design in the Study of Euroscepticism
4. Euroscepticism as Ideology
[Christopher Flood and Rafal Soborski]
5. Euroscepticism: Stand-alone Phenomenon or Embedded within a Broader Cleavage?
[Pieter de Wilde, Céline Teney and Onawa Promise Lacewell]
Part II: Eurosceptic Parties and Domestic Party Systems
6. Euroscepticism and Political Parties: Theory and Practice
[Liubomir K. Topaloff]
7. ‘Euromondialisme’ and the Growth of the Radical Right
8. Opposing Europe, Opposing Austerity: Radical Left Parties and the Eurosceptic Debate
9. The UK Independence Party and other Primarily Eurosceptic Parties
10. The Dynamic of Euroscepticism in Germany
11. Party-based Euroscepticism in the Nordic Countries: Ever More ‘reluctant Europeans’?
12. Fears and Demands: Eurosceptic Political Parties in the Central and Eastern European States
13. Changing the Rules, Changing the Winners? The Various Effects of European Election Rules on Party Opposition to the EU in France
14. Euroscepticism in the Southern European Region
Part III: Public Opinion, Referendums and Citizens’ Perceptions of the EU
15. Soft Sceptics and Hard Rejectionists: Identifying Two Types of Eurosceptic Voters
[André Krouwel and Yordan Kutiyski]
16. Young People and the EU: It’s about European Perspective Economic and Life Expectations
17. Eurosceptic Youth: Interest, Trust and Ideology
[Robert Grimm, Gary Pollock and Mark Ellison]
18. The Pragmatic Euroscepticism of Scandinavia
19. Derailing European Integration? Euroscepticism and the Politics of EU Referenda
20. EU Referendums in the ‘New’ Member States: Politicisation after a Decade of Support?
21. Referenda and European Integration: The Case of the United Kingdom
[Chris Gifford and Ben Wellings]
22. When ‘No’ means ‘Yes’: A Comparative Study of Referenda in Denmark and Ireland
Part IV: Non-state Actors: Civil Society and the Media
23. Euroscepticism as EU Polity Contestation
24. Euroscepticism and the Crisis: ‘Critical Europeanism’ and Anti-austerity Social Movements
[Angela Bourne and Sevasti Chatzopoulou]
25. Euroscepticism and Big Business
[Doris Fuchs, Tobias Gumbert and Bernd Schlipphak]
26. Euroscepticism and Trade Unionism: The Crisis of ‘Social Europe’
[Andy Mathers, Susan Milner and Graham Taylor]
27. Mirroring or Setting the Political Agenda? The Role of the Media in the Eurosceptic Debate
28. Varieties of Opposition to the EU in the Low Countries: A Comparison of the Dutch and Flemish Press
Part V: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism
29. Euroscepticism in the EU Institutions: A Persistent and Embedded Phenomenon
[Nathalie Brack and Olivier Costa]
30. Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism: The Case of the European Conservatives and Reformists
31. Eurosceptic Members of the European Parliament: Foxes in the Henhouse?
32. The Far Right and the 2014 European Elections: Consequences for the Eurosceptic Debate
Part VI: Crises: Euroscepticism, Brexit and the Future of European Integration
33. The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Euroscepticism
34. Voting to Leave: Economic Insecurity and the Brexit Vote
[Daphne Halikiopoulou and Tim Vlandas]
35. How the Referendum was Lost: An Analysis of the UK Referendum Campaign on EU Membership
36. Conclusion: Euroscepticism and European (dis)integration in the Age of Brexit
[Simon Usherwood, Benjamin Leruth and Nicholas Startin]
Nick Startin and Benjamin Leruth, authors of Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism and Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenonmenon, discuss their two titles in detail as well as Euroscepticism and the UK - European Union referendum on 23rd June 2016.