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The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy





ISBN 9780367573072
Published June 30, 2020 by Routledge
464 Pages

 
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Book Description

In recent years, the relation between contemporary academic philosophy and evolutionary theory has become ever more active, multifaceted, and productive. The connection is a bustling two-way street. In one direction, philosophers of biology make significant contributions to theoretical discussions about the nature of evolution (such as "What is a species?"; "What is reproductive fitness?"; "Does selection operate primarily on genes?"; and "What is an evolutionary function?"). In the other direction, a broader group of philosophers appeal to Darwinian selection in an attempt to illuminate traditional philosophical puzzles (such as "How could a brain-state have representational content?"; "Are moral judgments justified?"; "Why do we enjoy fiction?"; and "Are humans invariably selfish?"). In grappling with these questions, this interdisciplinary collection includes cutting-edge examples from both directions of traffic. The thirty contributions, written exclusively for this volume, are divided into six sections: The Nature of Selection; Evolution and Information; Human Nature; Evolution and Mind; Evolution and Ethics; and Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art. Many of the contributing philosophers and psychologists are international leaders in their fields.



Table of Contents

Contents



List of Contributors



Preface





PART I



The Nature of Selection





1 The nature of selection: An overview



Tim Lewens





2 Multilevel selection and units of selection up and down the biological hierarchy



Elisabeth A. Lloyd





3 Adaptation, multilevel selection, and organismality: A clash of perspectives



Ellen Clarke





4 Fitness maximization



Jonathan Birch





5 Does biology need teleology?



Karen Neander





PART II



Evolution and Information





6 Evolution and information: An overview



Ulrich Stegmann





7 The construction of learned information through selection processes



Nir Fresco, Eva Jablonka, and Simona Ginsburg





8 Genetic, epigenetic, and exogenetic information



Karola Stotz and Paul Griffiths





9 Language: From how-possibly to how-probably?



Kim Sterelny





10 Acquiring knowledge on species-specific biorealities: The applied evolutionary epistemological approach



Nathalie Gontier and Michael Bradie





PART III



Human Nature





11 Human Nature: An overview



Stephen Downes





12 The reality of species: Real phenomena not theoretical objects



John Wilkins





13 Modern essentialism for species and its animadversions



Joseph LaPorte





14 What is human nature (if it is anything at all?)



Louise Barrett





15 The right to ignore: An epistemic defense of the nature/culture divide



Maria Kronfeldner





PART IV



Evolution and Mind





16 Evolution and mind: An overview



Valerie Hardcastle





17 Routes to the convergent evolution of cognition



Edward Legg, Ljerka Ostojić, and Nicola Clayton





18 Is consciousness an adaptation?



Kari Theurer and Thomas Polger





19 Plasticity and modularity



Edouard Machery





20 The prospects for teleosemantics: Can biological functions fix mental content?



Justine Kingsbury





PART V



Evolution and Ethics





21 Evolution and ethics: An overview



Catherine Wilson





22 The evolution of moral intuitions and their feeling of rightness



Christine Clavien and Chloë FitzGerald





23 Are we losing it? Darwin’s moral sense and the importance of early experience



Darcia Narvaez





24 The evolution of morality and the prospects for moral realism



Ben Fraser





25 Moral cheesecake, evolved psychology, and the debunking impulse



Daniel Kelly





PART VI



Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art





26 Evolution, aest

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Editor(s)

Biography

Richard Joyce is Professor of Philosophy at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He is author of The Myth of Morality (2001), The Evolution of Morality (2006), and Essays in Moral Skepticism (2016), as well as many articles on metaethics and moral psychology. He has co-edited A World Without Values (2010) and Cooperation and its Evolution (2013).