The Routledge Handbook of Exclusion, Inequality and Stigma in India  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Exclusion, Inequality and Stigma in India

ISBN 9780367523329
Published February 27, 2022 by Routledge India
378 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This handbook critically examines the three concepts of exclusion, inequality and stigma and their interrelationship in the Indian context. Divided into five parts, the volume deals with the issues of exclusion, inequality, gender discrimination, health and disability, and assault and violence. It discusses important topical themes such as caste and social exclusion in rural labour markets, impact of poverty and unemployment, discrimination in education and literacy, income inequality and financial inclusion, social security of street vendors, women social entrepreneurs, rural–urban digital divide, workplace inequality, women trafficking, acid attacks, inter-caste marriages, honour killings, health care and sanitation, discrimination faced by those with disabilities, and regional disparities in India.

The book traces rising socio-economic inequality and discrimination along with the severe lack of access to resources and opportunities, redressal instruments, legal provisions and implementation challenges, while also looking at deep-rooted causes responsible for their persistence in society. With emphasis on affirmative action, systemic mechanisms, and the role of state and citizens in bridging gaps, the volume presents several policies and strategies for development. It combines wide-ranging empirical case studies backed by relevant theoretical frameworks to map out a new agenda for research on socio-economic inequality in India with important implications for public policy.

Comprehensive and first of its kind, this handbook will serve as a key reference to scholars, researchers and teachers of exclusion and discrimination studies, social justice, political economy, sociology, anthropology, economics, political science, development studies, education and public administration. It will also be useful to policymakers, bureaucrats, civil society activists, non-governmental organisations and social entrepreneurs in the development sector, in addition to those interested in third world studies, developing economies and the global south.

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables

Notes on contributors


List of abbreviations


NMP Verma and Alpana Srivastava

PART I Exclusion

1 Are socially disadvantaged groups catching up with others? An analysis of literacy rates

IC Awasthi and HK Varshney

2 Degree of financial inclusion: a comparative study among the Asian countries

Sudip Mukherjee, Anirban Sarkar and NMP Verma

3 Impact of poverty and exclusion: an empirical analysis

Manish K Verma and Narendra Gupta

4 Discrimination and exclusion in education: a study of the children of manual scavenger communities of Rajasthan

Nida Khan

5 Caste discrimination and inequality: a case of artisans

S Victor Babu and Isha Tamta

6 Caste and social exclusion in rural labour markets

Chandi Charan Mehentar

PART II Inequality

7 Development and rising income inequality in India: an emerging enigma

Alpana Srivastava

8 Rural–urban divide: digital inequality

Tanu Tiwari and Alpana Srivastava

9 Urban livelihood and social security of street vendors

Daisy Bhattacharjee

10 Educational inequality: a case study on school enrolment and infrastructure

U Sa Jen Mog and Jahar Debbarma

11 Disparity and disconnection in investment and unemployment among the Indian states

Pawan Kumar Gupta and Asha Srivastava

12 Inter-caste marriages and social inequality

Parul Srivastava

13 Millennial women social entrepreneurs: a growing trend

Rekha Panwar Khosla

14 Time allocation in television news content

Vikash Singh

15 Socio- economic inequalities in the agricultural and rural sectors

Sarba N Mishra and Nirakar Pattanaik

PART III Gender discrimination

16 Perception of gender equality: a comparative study of young men and women


17 A study on gender discrimination among migrant construction workers

V Dhivya Keerthiga and Alka Singh

18 Inequality, gender and policy initiatives

Halima Sadia Rizvi and Mansi Vinaik

19 An appraisal of gender issues in the Indian corporate sector

Mahima Sharma

20 Gender inequality in India: legal provisions

Archana Chawla

21 Analysis of India’s employment scenario: working age population and female participation

Arvind Kumar Singh

22 Disabled women: facing double discrimination

Priyam Sinha

23 Elected women’s representatives in decentralized governance: a participation-focused assessment

Garima Mishra

PART IV Health hiatus

24 Health assessment of women

Sunil Kumar Tripathi

25 Mathematical issues among children with visual impairment: challenges and strategies


26 Impact of bleaching syndrome: the inexorable predicament of dark-skinned Indian women

Sarveshwar Pande

27 Regional disparity of sanitation facilities in India

Rashmi Tiwari

28 Beyond the human development index: a conceptual note

Ravi Kant

29 Socio-economic inequalities and their association with health status among the Muslim community

Istikhar Ali

PART V Violence and tracking

30 Acid attacks: violence related to specific gender

Pooja Jaiswal and AK Bhartiya

31 Women tracking in India: a threat to gender equality

Madhuri Rathour and Satendra Kumar Sharma

32 Violence against differently-abled persons in India

Shruti Kirti Rastogi and Geetika Nidhi


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NMP Verma is Professor, Head and Dean at the Department of Economics, School of Economics & Commerce and former Vice Chancellor, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India. He is founder President of the Association of the Socio-Economic Development Studies, as well as Conference President (2019), Uttar Pradesh-Uttarakhand Economic Association.

Alpana Srivastava is Professor, Area Head (Statistics, Economics & Operations) and PhD Programme Director, Amity Business School, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, India. She is Vice-President of the Association of the Socio-Economic Development Studies.