1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Exclusion, Inequality and Stigma in India

Edited By NMP Verma, Alpana Srivastava Copyright 2021
    378 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    378 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    378 Pages 55 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    This handbook critically examines the three concepts of exclusion, inequality and stigma and their interrelationship in the Indian context. Divided into five parts, the volume deals with the issues of exclusion, inequality, gender discrimination, health and disability, and assault and violence. It discusses important topical themes such as caste and social exclusion in rural labour markets, impact of poverty and unemployment, discrimination in education and literacy, income inequality and financial inclusion, social security of street vendors, women social entrepreneurs, rural–urban digital divide, workplace inequality, women trafficking, acid attacks, inter-caste marriages, honour killings, health care and sanitation, discrimination faced by those with disabilities, and regional disparities in India.

    The book traces rising socio-economic inequality and discrimination along with the severe lack of access to resources and opportunities, redressal instruments, legal provisions and implementation challenges, while also looking at deep-rooted causes responsible for their persistence in society. With emphasis on affirmative action, systemic mechanisms, and the role of state and citizens in bridging gaps, the volume presents several policies and strategies for development. It combines wide-ranging empirical case studies backed by relevant theoretical frameworks to map out a new agenda for research on socio-economic inequality in India with important implications for public policy.

    Comprehensive and first of its kind, this handbook will serve as a key reference to scholars, researchers and teachers of exclusion and discrimination studies, social justice, political economy, sociology, anthropology, economics, political science, development studies, education and public administration. It will also be useful to policymakers, bureaucrats, civil society activists, non-governmental organisations and social entrepreneurs in the development sector, in addition to those interested in third world studies, developing economies and the global south.

    List of figures

    List of tables

    Notes on contributors


    List of abbreviations


    NMP Verma and Alpana Srivastava

    PART I Exclusion

    1 Are socially disadvantaged groups catching up with others? An analysis of literacy rates

    IC Awasthi and HK Varshney

    2 Degree of financial inclusion: a comparative study among the Asian countries

    Sudip Mukherjee, Anirban Sarkar and NMP Verma

    3 Impact of poverty and exclusion: an empirical analysis

    Manish K Verma and Narendra Gupta

    4 Discrimination and exclusion in education: a study of the children of manual scavenger communities of Rajasthan

    Nida Khan

    5 Caste discrimination and inequality: a case of artisans

    S Victor Babu and Isha Tamta

    6 Caste and social exclusion in rural labour markets

    Chandi Charan Mehentar

    PART II Inequality

    7 Development and rising income inequality in India: an emerging enigma

    Alpana Srivastava

    8 Rural–urban divide: digital inequality

    Tanu Tiwari and Alpana Srivastava

    9 Urban livelihood and social security of street vendors

    Daisy Bhattacharjee

    10 Educational inequality: a case study on school enrolment and infrastructure

    U Sa Jen Mog and Jahar Debbarma

    11 Disparity and disconnection in investment and unemployment among the Indian states

    Pawan Kumar Gupta and Asha Srivastava

    12 Inter-caste marriages and social inequality

    Parul Srivastava

    13 Millennial women social entrepreneurs: a growing trend

    Rekha Panwar Khosla

    14 Time allocation in television news content

    Vikash Singh

    15 Socio- economic inequalities in the agricultural and rural sectors

    Sarba N Mishra and Nirakar Pattanaik

    PART III Gender discrimination

    16 Perception of gender equality: a comparative study of young men and women


    17 A study on gender discrimination among migrant construction workers

    V Dhivya Keerthiga and Alka Singh

    18 Inequality, gender and policy initiatives

    Halima Sadia Rizvi and Mansi Vinaik

    19 An appraisal of gender issues in the Indian corporate sector

    Mahima Sharma

    20 Gender inequality in India: legal provisions

    Archana Chawla

    21 Analysis of India’s employment scenario: working age population and female participation

    Arvind Kumar Singh

    22 Disabled women: facing double discrimination

    Priyam Sinha

    23 Elected women’s representatives in decentralized governance: a participation-focused assessment

    Garima Mishra

    PART IV Health hiatus

    24 Health assessment of women

    Sunil Kumar Tripathi

    25 Mathematical issues among children with visual impairment: challenges and strategies


    26 Impact of bleaching syndrome: the inexorable predicament of dark-skinned Indian women

    Sarveshwar Pande

    27 Regional disparity of sanitation facilities in India

    Rashmi Tiwari

    28 Beyond the human development index: a conceptual note

    Ravi Kant

    29 Socio-economic inequalities and their association with health status among the Muslim community

    Istikhar Ali

    PART V Violence and tracking

    30 Acid attacks: violence related to specific gender

    Pooja Jaiswal and AK Bhartiya

    31 Women tracking in India: a threat to gender equality

    Madhuri Rathour and Satendra Kumar Sharma

    32 Violence against differently-abled persons in India

    Shruti Kirti Rastogi and Geetika Nidhi



    NMP Verma is Professor, Head and Dean at the Department of Economics, School of Economics & Commerce and former Vice Chancellor, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India. He is founder President of the Association of the Socio-Economic Development Studies, as well as Conference President (2019), Uttar Pradesh-Uttarakhand Economic Association.

    Alpana Srivastava is Professor, Area Head (Statistics, Economics & Operations) and PhD Programme Director, Amity Business School, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, India. She is Vice-President of the Association of the Socio-Economic Development Studies.

    "The ideal reader for this volume might be a student exploring how to study exclusion or a policy maker, rather than senior scholars and postgraduate students. The book o!ers some useful data as well as a couple of stimulating chapters and observations, but its agenda is a bit too broad." - Dag Erik Berg, Molde University College